::: TSR Weekly Report
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2020-10-17 | NO.44(39) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee, departed his post on October 15, 2020. TSR thanks him for his excellent service to the readers in the past-four plus years! 
Cross-Strait Relations
Chinese Military Aircraft Enters Airspace Near Taiwan (2020-10-10)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) A Chinese military anti-submarine (ASW) aircraft entered Taiwan's southwest air defense identification zone (ADIZ) on Saturday, while the country was celebrating its National Day, also known as Double Ten Day. <Accessed 2020-10-10>

Chinese Military Aircraft Again Enters Taiwan's Southwest ADIZ
 (2020-10-11)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Joseph Yeh) A Chinese military aircraft entered Taiwan's air defense identification zone (ADIZ) on Sunday, marking the 17th such incursion by the Chinese military into the nation's ADIZ in less than a month. According to the Ministry of National Defense (MND), a Shaanxi Y-8 anti-submarine aircraft entered the the nation's southwest ADIZ earlier in the day. <Accessed 2020-10-11>

China Tracks US Navy Ship’s Passage Through Taiwan Strait (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Associated Press) With sky-high U.S.-China tensions in the backdrop, Taiwan is reemerging as a regional flashpoint. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

Chinese Anti-Submarine Plane Enters Taiwan's ADIZ (2020-10-16)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim and Matt Yu) A Chinese military anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft entered Taiwan's southwest air defense identification zone (ADIZ) on Friday morning, the 19th such maneuver since mid-September, according to Taiwan's defense ministry. <Accessed 2020-10-16>

China May Try to Restrict Taiwan's Air Access to Outlying Islands: Expert (2020-10-17)
(CNA, By Matt Yu, Wang Shu-fen, and Matthew Mazzetta) A retired Taiwan Air Force general warned Saturday that an incident on Thursday, in which Hong Kong turned back a Taiwan military-chartered supply plane en route to the Dongsha Islands, may have been the first move in a broader campaign by China to restrict air access to Taiwan's outlying territories. <Accessed 2020-10-17>

Taiwan Dismisses China’s Spy Claims
 (2020-10-13)
(Taipei Times, By Chen Yu-fu, Chen Yan-ting, and William Hetherington) Taiwan has rejected a report by China Central Television (CCTV) claiming that a Chinese government initiative had “solved over 100 cases involving Taiwanese spies.” <Accessed 2020-10-15>

Chinese Embassy in India Interfering with Press Freedom: Taiwan (2020-10-17)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim and Chen Yun-yu) The Taiwan government said Saturday that the Chinese embassy in India was attempting to interfere with press freedom there when it wrote a letter to a TV channel, protesting the airing of an interview with Taiwan's Foreign Minister Joseph Wu (吳釗燮). <Accessed 2020-10-17>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
U.S. Will Fulfill Its Commitments to Taiwan's Defense: Pompeo (2020-10-10)
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu and Matthew Mazzetta) U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Friday that the U.S. will "fulfill (its) commitments" to Taiwan, amid rising calls on the American right for the U.S. to explicitly commit to defending Taiwan in the event that it is attacked by China. <Accessed 2020-10-10>

‘Strategic Clarity’ Won’t Solve the United States’ Taiwan Dilemma
 (2020-10-16)
(The Diplomat, By Andy Zelleke) An open commitment to defend Taiwan won’t mean much unless the U.S. has the certain capacity to do so. <Accessed 2020-10-16>

Survey Shows 80% Back Formal Ties with US (2020-10-17)
(Taipei Times, By Jason Pan) More than 80 percent of respondents supported formalizing ties with the US, while the proportion advocating using the name “Taiwan” in the relationship reached a new high, a survey released yesterday by the World United Formosans for Independence (WUFI) showed. <Accessed 2020-10-17>

White House Moves Forward on Three Arms Sales to Taiwan: Sources (2020-10-12)
(Reuters, By David Brunnstrom, Patricia Zengerle, Mike Stone) The White House is moving forward with three sales of advanced weaponry to Taiwan, sending in recent days a notification of the deals to Congress for approval, five sources familiar with the situation said on Monday. <Accessed 2020-10-12>

U.S. Weapons in Taiwan Deal Could Slow Mainland China Attack: Analyst (2020-10-15)
(SCMP, By Liu Zhen) A pending weapons sale by the United States to Taiwan could complicate a potential military campaign by the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) against the self-ruled island, a military analyst said. <Accessed 2020-10-16>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics
KMT Pushes for Formal US-Taiwan Ties in Course Change for Beijing-Friendly Party (2020-10-16)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Two recently passed resolutions hint at a strategic shift within the KMT, but could also be aimed at fracturing the ruling DPP’s careful approach toward relations with the U.S. <Accessed 2020-10-16>

Taiwan's Foreign Relations
German State Lawmakers Promote Taiwan Exchanges (2020-10-10)
(Taipei Times) A Taiwan-friendly group was on Thursday established in Germany’s Bavarian State Parliament with the aim of promoting closer links with Taiwan. <Accessed 2020-10-10>

Ten Allies Write Letter to UN, Urge Taiwan’s Inclusion
 (2020-10-11)
(Taipei Times/CNA) Officials of Taiwan’s diplomatic allies on Friday submitted a letter to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in support of Taiwan’s participation in the UN. The letter, signed by 10 of Taiwan’s 15 diplomatic allies, was submitted to Guterres by the representatives to the UN of Belize, Eswatini and Tuvalu. <Accessed 2020-10-11>

Tsai Welcomes ‘New Era’ of Ties with Somaliland
 (2020-10-13)
(Taipei Times/CNA) Taiwan and Somaliland stand to benefit from bilateral cooperation, given their strategic locations and shared values, President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文) said yesterday. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

Taiwan, U.S., Japan Discuss Intellectual Property Rights Protection
 (2020-10-15)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) A workshop held jointly by Taiwan, the United States and Japan opened Thursday with discussions about the protection of trade secrets and and intellectual property rights (IPR) in various countries, according to Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA). <Accessed 2020-10-15>

Taiwan Demands Correction of Designation as 'Province of China' by IMF (2020-10-15)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) Taiwan said Thursday that its designation by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) as a "Province of China" was regrettable, and it called for an immediate correction. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

Taiwanese Legislative Group Vows to Enhance Relations with India (2020-10-16)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) The new leadership of the Legislative Yuan's India friendship group vowed Friday to further enhance relations with India through parliamentary diplomacy amid the warming of sentiments between Taiwan and India. <Accessed 2020-10-16>
U.S.-China Relations
Mapping the Future of U.S. China Policy (2020-10-14)
(CSIS) CSIS surveyed the American public and thought leaders in the United States, Asia, and Europe to map perspectives on China policy. The surveys covered a range of issues, including trade, security, human rights, and the trajectory for U.S.-China relations. The United States and U.S. allies generally converge on the need for a tougher stance toward China but not containment. <Accessed 2020-10-16>

China Is Now the World's Largest Economy. We Shouldn't Be Shocked. (2020-10-15)
(National Interest, By Graham Allison) China has now displaced the U.S. to become the largest economy in the world. Measured by PPP, the IMF Report shows that China’s economy is one-sixth larger than America’s ($24.2 trillion versus the U.S.’s $20.8 trillion). Why can't we admit reality? What does this mean? <Accessed 2020-10-15>

Beijing Believes Trump Is Accelerating American Decline (2020-10-16)
(Foreign Policy, By Rush Doshi) Public intelligence assessments of China’s 2020 election preferences only tell half the story. <Accessed 2020-10-16>

Uniting the Techno-Democracies (2020-10-13)
(Foreign Affairs, By Jared Cohen and Richard Fontaine) The liberal democracies are running out of time to get their act together: whoever shapes the use of emerging technologies such as AI, quantum computing, biotechnology, and next-generation telecommunications will have an economic, military, and political advantage for decades to come. But the world’s advanced democracies have something the autocracies don’t: a long history of multilateral cooperation for the benefit of all. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

Trump Reportedly Eyes More Chinese Firms for Sanction
 (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Eleanor Albert) The administration is considering restrictions on Chinese digital payment platforms, on top of existing bans. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

China Angered as U.S. Names Human Rights Envoy for Tibet (2020-10-15)
(Reuters) China accused the United States on Thursday of seeking to destabilise Tibet, after the Trump administration appointed a senior human rights official as special coordinator for Tibetan issues. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

China Tests Swarm of 'Suicide Drones' Launched from a Truck and Helicopters (2020-10-16)
(SCMP, By Minnie Chan) It was commissioned as part of the government’s military-civilian fusion strategy, a People’s Liberation Army insider who requested anonymity told the South China Morning Post. The policy seeks to boost military development with civilian and private sector support. <Accessed 2020-10-16>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Mainland China
Xi Pays Tribute to Reform and Opening – and Deng Xiaoping (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) This week’s celebration of Shenzhen, the original SEZ, comes amid a general trend of sidelining Deng. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

COVID-19 Has Dimmed Xi’s Approval Ratings Abroad – But Not in China (2020-10-16)
(The Diplomat, By Sungmin Cho) Why have Chinese citizens shown even stronger support for Xi Jinping during the COVID-19 crisis? <Accessed 2020-10-16>

Behind Xi Jinping’s Steely Façade, a Leadership Crisis Is Smoldering in China (2020-10-16)
(The Diplomat, By Sarah Cook) Recent party purges suggest ebbing confidence in the all-powerful chairman. <Accessed 2020-10-16>

Hong Kong and Macau
Hong Kong’s National Security Law Creeps Into Education Sector (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Jessie Lau) Critics warn free discussion in schools is under attack amid new restrictions on teaching topics. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

In Hong Kong, Communist Party Officials Stride Out of the Shadows (2020-10-16)
(NYT, By Austin Ramzy, Vivian Wang and Chris Buckley) The days of the central government exercising its will behind the scenes are over. Now, it will rule Hong Kong increasingly in the open. <Accessed 2020-10-16>

China's Foreign Relations
Which Countries Support China on Hong Kong’s National Security Law? (2020-10-16)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) A recent U.N. statement saw 54 countries backing China’s Hong Kong policy, against 39 voicing concern in a rival bloc. <Accessed 2020-10-16>

Indonesian Special Envoy Visits China in Show of Cooperation
 (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Eleanor Albert) As Indonesia and China mark 70 years of relations, ties are marked by a tension between economic cooperation and ongoing maritime frictions. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

China and the Quad: From Sea Foam to Indo-Pacific NATO (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Abhijnan Rej) Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s recent remarks on the Quad are a substantial shift in tone. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

China’s Bid to Conquer Russia’s 5G Market Should Worry the Kremlin (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Danil Bochkov) Russia’s overdependence on Chinese 5G equipment has implications for the country’s technological development and security. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

Korean Super Group BTS Faces Uproar in China Over War Comments (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Juwon Park) China’s nationalists bristled at a mention of U.S.-South Korea cooperation in Korean War, fought against China and North Korea. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

China Underscores Solidarity With North Korea on Party Anniversary (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) Beijing downplayed the military parade – and the new ICBM – but was keen to praise Kim Jong Un’s leadership and achievements. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

Chinese FM Embarks on Diplomatic Drive in Southeast Asia (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Sebastian Strangio) The agenda of Wang Yi’s tour is diplomatic maintenance: the repairing and upgrading of China’s relationships with key Southeast Asian partners. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

China’s Military Ambitions in Southeast Asia: Much Bigger than Cambodian Bases (2020-10-16)
(The Diplomat, By Prashanth Parameswaran) An excessive focus on rhetorical ‘base wars’ can distract attention from the broader military inroads Beijing is making in the region. <Accessed 2020-10-16>

China Learns the Hard Way That Money Can’t Buy You Love (2020-10-16)
(Foreign Policy, By Salvatore Babones) Few countries have soured more rapidly against China than Australia, as decades of influence-building by Beijing come to naught. <Accessed 2020-10-16>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes
Japan Protests to China for Entering Japanese Waters (2020-10-13)
(Associated Press, By Mari Yamaguchi) Tokyo has lodged protests to Beijing over the entry of Chinese coast guard ships into Japan’s territorial waters off disputed East China Sea islands and their refusal to move out for a third day Tuesday, Japanese officials said. The two Chinese ships entered the Japanese-claimed waters Sunday morning. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

Philippines Lifts Ban on South China Sea Energy Exploration
 (2020-10-15)
(Associated Press, By Jim Gomez) The Philippine president has approved the lifting of a ban on oil and gas exploration in or near disputed areas of the South China Sea that was imposed six years ago because of escalating territorial tensions with China, an official said Thursday. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

Other Regional Issues
Why Trump’s Anti-China Policy Falls on Deaf Ears in Southeast Asia (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Dino Patti Djalal) No Southeast Asian nation has been willing to support the Trump administration’s hostile and ideological position on China. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

Australia Looks to Tighten Government Oversight of University Agreements With China (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Robert Potter) The move is overdue, as public entities and state governments have proven unable to fully vet their agreements with China. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

PIF Fragmentation May Alter US-China Competition in the Pacific (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Derek Grossman) A looming north-south split in the Pacific Islands Forum poses both challenges and opportunities to the rival superpowers. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

It’s Time for the Asia-Pacific to Move Toward Regional Cyber Norms (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Christy Un) The lack of a breakthrough in the implementation of global cyber norms highlights the need to focus efforts at the regional level. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

Vipin Narang on the Global Nuclear Landscape: Hype and Reality (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Abhijnan Rej) “We may be on the cusp, in the next decade or two, of a cascade of new nuclear weapons powers.” <Accessed 2020-10-15>

4 Reasons Why India Supports the BRICS (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Abhijnan Rej) Observers routinely dismiss the grouping given India-China tensions, and yet it soldiers on. What is at stake for India here? <Accessed 2020-10-15>

What the Quad Meeting Means for ASEAN (2020-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Sarah Teo) Two notable “firsts” about the recent Quad ministerial meeting could have long-term implications for ASEAN centrality. <Accessed 2020-10-15>

The Japan–China Summit Telephone Conference (2020-10-16)
(The Diplomat, By Shin Kawashima) What did the new Japanese PM Yoshihide Suga talk about with his Chinese counterpart? <Accessed 2020-10-16>

Merkel’s China Reset Is Mostly Hollow (2020-10-16)
(Foreign Policy, By Jeremy Stern) Washington shouldn’t expect—and may not need—a coordinated policy with Berlin. <Accessed 2020-10-16>
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