::: TSR Weekly Report
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2020-03-14 | NO.44(8) epaper |
Note to Readers
New Pubication J. Michael Cole, Cross-Strait Relations Since 2016: The End of the Illusion (1st Edition) (Routledge)
Cross-Strait Relations
Taiwan at the Crossroads of Its Destiny (2020-03-01)
(UDN, By Su Chi) Everything hinges on Xi Jinping’s determination regarding Taiwan, and this backtracks to his pressure from within China. As the sensitive Taiwan issue is bubbling, Xi’s patience is presumably facing an unprecedented test intensified by the spread of the novel coronavirus as well as escalating hostility between the peoples on both sides of the Taiwan Strait. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

Taiwan’s Opposition Party Reconsiders Support for Closer China Ties
 (2020-03-08)
(Wall Street Journal, By Chun Han Wong and William Kaze) Taiwan’s main opposition party is rethinking its longstanding support for closer ties with China, a shift that would set back Beijing’s quest to gain control over the self-ruled island. <Accessed 2020-03-08> 

No Telegram from Beijing for Chiang (2020-03-09)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Liang-sheng and William Hetherington) It is “not necessarily a bad thing” that newly elected Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) Chairman Johnny Chiang (江啟臣) has not yet received a congratulatory telegram from Beijing, a KMT legislator who asked to remain anonymous said yesterday. <Accessed 2020-03-17>

Hundreds of Taiwanese to Return from Coronavirus Centre after Beijing and Taipei Reach Deal (2020-03-10)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Some 470 Taiwanese stranded in the Chinese province of Hubei were due to return to the island on Tuesday night following a compromise between Beijing and Taipei. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

Taiwan Could Be to China What Canada Is to the US (2020-03-11)
(E-International Relations, By Kristian McGuire) Beijing could develop a more productive Taiwan policy by drawing lessons from early US-Canadian relations. <Accessed 2020-3-14>

China Pressured Media Outlets in Taiwan: U.S. Human Rights Report (2020-03-12)
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu and Chiang Yi-ching) China has pressured media outlets in Taiwan to produce news in line with its political priorities, according to the latest human rights report released by the United States Wednesday. <Accessed 2020-03-17> 

Virus Outbreak: Minister Points Finger at China (2020-03-14)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) China and the WHO are in the best positions to predict how the COVID-19 pandemic will develop, but most people do not trust Beijing and the WHO remains muted, Minister of Health and Welfare Chen Shih-chung (陳時中) said yesterday in response to queries by a foreign delegate. <Accessed 2020-03-17> 
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
Joe Biden’s Record on China and Taiwan (2020-03-08)
(The Diplomat, By Kuang-shun Yang) When explaining the nature of the U.S. “One China Policy,” Biden noted that the two pieces of the equation are providing military means, in terms of materiel, to prevent forceful unification, and stopping Taiwan from declaring independence. In a 2001 warning to Taiwan, Biden said it clearly: “we are not willing to go to war over your unilateral declaration of independence.” <Accessed 2020-03-08>

Would Bernie Sanders Defend Taiwan? (2020-03-08)
(The Diplomat, By Kuang-shun Yang) One moment that caught many people’s attention came when the host, Anderson Cooper, asked for Sanders’ view, as a potential commander-in-chief, should China take military action against Taiwan. Sanders responded straightforwardly: “I mean, I think we have got to make it clear to countries around the world that we will not sit by and allow invasions to take place, absolutely.” <Accessed 2020-03-08>

U.S. Lawmakers Urge WHO to Admit Taiwan (2020-03-10)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Elizabeth Hsu) Several members of the United States House of Representatives with backgrounds in medicine have written to World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, urging him to invite Taiwan to attend WHO activities and meetings. <Accessed 2020-03-10>

AIT Director Lauds U.S.-Taiwan Partnership (2020-03-11)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) Director Brent Christensen lauded the development of the U.S.-Taiwan partnership over the past 40 years on Wednesday. <Accessed 2020-03-17>

U.S. Senate Passes TAIPEI Act Unanimously (2020-03-12)
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu and Ko Lin) The United States Senate passed the Taiwan Allies International Protection and Enhancement Initiative (TAIPEI) Act of 2019 Wednesday with unanimous consent. <Accessed 2002-03-17> 

TAIPEI Act Waits for Trump’s Signature (2020-03-13)
(Taipei Times/CNA) The US Senate on Wednesday unanimously passed the Taiwan Allies International Protection and Enhancement Initiative (TAIPEI) Act, designed to help Taiwan stabilize diplomatic ties, which awaits US President Donald Trump’s signature to take effect. The passage came just one week after the legislation unanimously cleared the US House of Representatives on Wednesday last week. <Accessed 2020-03-17>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics

Petition to Recall Kaohsiung Mayor Sent to City Election Commission (2020-03-09)
(CNA, By Wang Shwu-fen and Joseph Yeh) The initiators of a petition to recall Kaohsiung Mayor Han Kuo-yu (韓國瑜) submitted approximately 400,000 signatures Monday to the city's election commission pending review as part of a recall process launched last year that could potentially lead to a recall vote in June. <Accessed 2020-03-17>

New KMT Chair Sworn In, Vows to Promote 'Collective Leadership' (2020-03-09)
(CNA, By Liu Kuan-ting and Elizabeth Hsu) The opposition Koumintang (KMT) saw 48-year-old Legislator Chiang Chi-chen (江啟臣) sworn in as its youngest chairman in several decades Monday, who pledged to promote a "collective leadership" to initiate interior reforms. <Accessed 2020-03-17>

Number of Confirmed COVID-19 Cases in Taiwan Rises to 47 (2020-03-10)
(CNA, By Chen Wei-ting and Joseph Yeh) Taiwan confirmed two more COVID-19 coronavirus cases Tuesday, including one who is a family member of two previous cases and an imported case from the Netherlands, bringing the total cases across the country to 47, with one death, the Central Epidemic Command Center (CECC) said that day. <Accessed 2020-03-10> 

Taiwan’s Minor Parties a Force to Be Reckoned With? (2020-03-13)
(East Asia Forum, By Chuyao Zeng and Felix Wiebrecht) While these appear to be minor gains, the minor parties are likely to play a bigger role in the future of Taiwanese party politics. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

Taiwan's Foreign Relations

Prague Mayor Thanks Taiwan for Sharing COVID-19 Response Materials (2020-03-08)
(CNA, By Lin Yu-li and Matthew Mazzetta) Prague Mayor Zdenek Hrib on Friday thanked Taiwan for providing information on managing the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), which has been confirmed in 19 cases in the Czech Republic amid a growing outbreak of the virus in Europe. <Accessed 2020-03-08> 

No Confirmation of Czech Senate President's Visit to Taiwan: MOFA (2020-03-12)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim and Lin Yu-li) There is no confirmation yet as to whether Czech Senate President Miloš Vystrčil, the number two government official in that country, will visit Taiwan, according to an official in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA). <Accessed 2020-03-17> 

Czech Republic Willing to Work with Taiwan: Ministry (2020-03-13)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) The Czech Republic has expressed its willingness to continue working with Taiwan in several areas, despite political pressure from Beijing, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said yesterday, welcoming more visits by Czechs. <Accessed 2020-03-17>

Diplomats in Taipei Briefed on Taiwan's COVID-19 Response (2020-03-14)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) Diplomats and foreign representatives in Taipei were briefed Friday on the state of the COVID-19 coronavirus disease outbreak in Taiwan and the country's prevention and containment efforts, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA). <Accessed 2020-03-17> 
U.S.-China Relations
The PRC’s Cautious Stance on the U.S. Indo-Pacific Strategy (2020-02-28)
(Jamestown Foundation, By Yamazaki Amane) Notwithstanding the cautious approach to the Indo-Pacific concept, the PRC has begun to disclose how it considers the idea, and the implications for regional cooperation among countries involved. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

The United States Can’t Win Playing China’s Media Games
 (2020-03-08)
(Foreign Policy, By Steven Butler) And it won’t simply turn the screws tighter on the Beijing foreign press corps. China took just one day to vow retaliation. <Accessed 2020-03-08>

‘Phase One’ China Trade Deal Tests the Limits of US Power (2020-03-09)
(East Asia Forum, By Geoffrey Gertz) Trump’s efforts to change China’s behaviour are running up against the same limits faced by previous US administrations. Yet there is little evidence of a long-term strategy that reflects this reality. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

U.S. Lawmakers Seek to Tighten Ban on Forced-Labor Goods from China's Xinjiang (2020-03-11)
(Reuters, By David Brunnstrom) Leading U.S. lawmakers proposed legislation on Wednesday aimed at preventing goods made from forced labor in China’s Xinjiang region from reaching the United States. The legislation would require importers to obtain certification from the U.S. government that goods were not produced using forced labor by minority Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang. <Accessed 2020-03-17>

US Senator Calls for Action on Xinjiang Labor (2020-03-12)
(Taipei Times/Reuters) A senior US senator on Tuesday accused US firms of willfully ignoring “horrific” forced labor conditions in China’s Xinjiang region, and called on the US Department of Commerce to stop US companies and consumers buying goods produced by such labor. <Accessed 2020-03-17> 

China Spins Tale That the U.S. Army Started the Coronavirus Epidemic (2020-03-13)
(New York Times, By Steven Lee Myers) After criticizing American officials for politicizing the pandemic, Chinese officials and news outlets have floated unfounded theories that the United States was the source of the virus. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

US State Department Summons Chinese Ambassador Cui Tiankai amid Anger over Beijing Coronavirus Comments (2020-03-14)
(South China Morning Post, By Robert Delaney) The US government summoned Chinese Ambassador Cui Tiankai to the State Department on Friday to protest Beijing’s suggestion that the US military brought the coronavirus to China. <Accessed 2020-03-14>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

Is COVID-19 China’s ‘Chernobyl Moment’? (2020-03-08)
(The Diplomat, By Liubomir K. Topaloff) More importantly, unlike the Soviet Union, which suffered the full blow of rapid economic globalization and tried to battle it – rather unsuccessfully – to keep up with its planned economy, China had sought to ride the globalization wave in every aspect, making itself the greatest proponent and defender of the trend. <Accessed 2020-03-08>

Xi Goes to Wuhan, Coronavirus Epicenter, in Show of Confidence (2020-03-10)
(New York Times, By Steven Lee Myers) China’s leader, Xi Jinping, has sought to portray his nation’s efforts as an example for the world as infections spread globally. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

Halting China’s Economy Was Hard. Restarting It Is Harder. (2020-03-12)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher) Beijing brought the world’s No. 2 economy to a halt to quell the coronavirus epidemic. Its difficulties in reviving business offer a potential lesson for other countries. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

Beijing and Hong Kong

The World Must Respond to Hong Kong’s Latest Politicized Arrests (2020-03-08)
(The Diplomat, By Benedict Rogers) Arresting mainstream politicians, retired legislators, and a media mogul for peaceful protest marks a sharp escalation in the assault on Hong Kong’s freedoms. <Accessed 2020-03-08>

Hong Kong’s Coronavirus Response Adds Fuel to Protests (2020-03-10)
(East Asia Forum, By Jeffrey Wasserstrom) Hong Kong’s officials should have made it clear that they were putting the health of the populace above a desire to please Beijing in this time of crisis. The movement that began last June, while no longer regularly making the front pages, is still very much underway and Hong Kong remains on the brink. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

China's Foreign Relations

Fair-Weather Friends: The Impact of the Coronavirus on the Strategic Partnership Between Russia and China (2020-02-28)
(Jamestown Foundation, By Johan van de Ven) However, the ongoing COVID-19 coronavirus outbreak has opened a stress fracture in the bilateral Sino-Russian relationship. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

China Goes on Diplomatic Offensive Over Coronavirus Response
 (2020-03-08)
(Foreign Policy, By Colum Lynch) “China is fighting not just for itself, but also for the world,” Zhang wrote in the letter, which a U.N.-based diplomat shared with Foreign Policy. It is being highlighted as Foreign Policy’s Document of the Week. “China treats its own people and people of other countries in the same way and applies prevention and control measures in a non-discriminatory manner.” <Accessed 2020-03-08>

Huawei Doubles Down on Europe With New Factory (2020-03-08)
(The Diplomat, By Eleanor Albert) Huawei, the world’s largest telecommunications equipment producer, has announced plans to build its first manufacturing plant in Europe. The $225 million production hub, set to be based in France, will create an estimated 500 jobs. <Accessed 2020-03-08>

How Chinese Loans Can Become ‘Perilous Pitfalls’ for Africa (2020-03-08)
(South China Morning Post, By Jevans Nyabiage) The NRGI report said several sub-Saharan countries had taken out at least US$66 billion in resource-backed loans from foreign financiers since 2004, of which 53 per cent came from Chinese policy banks – China Development Bank and the China Exim. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

China, ASEAN Band Together in the Fight Against Coronavirus (2020-03-08)
(The Diplomat, By Lucio Blanco Pitlo) Turning the crisis into an opportunity, it is possible for Beijing to promote this cooperative template to its Northeast Asian neighbors, Japan and South Korea, and to other regions like the Middle East and Europe where the virus is fast making headway. <Accessed 2020-03-08>

Amid Coronavirus Crisis, Japan Postpones Long-Awaited Visit From China’s Xi (2020-03-08)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) The Japanese government confirmed on Thursday that a planned visit by China’s President Xi Jinping, originally set for April, was being postponed amid the coronavirus outbreak. The visit, which would have been the first state visit by China’s top leader in over a decade, had been keenly anticipated by the government of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. <Accessed 2020-03-08>

Mask Diplomacy: How Coronavirus Upended Generations of China-Japan Antagonism (2020-03-09)
(Brookings, By Cheng Li and Ryan McElveen) In turn, the exchange of masks has taken on a new meaning of goodwill. Perhaps nowhere has that act of goodwill been as pronounced — and surprising — as the generous gifting between Japan and China. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

Czech Prime Minister Says China's Ambassador Should be Replaced (2020-03-10)
(Straits Times/Reuters) China should replace its ambassador in the Czech Republic after the Chinese embassy sent a threatening letter to Czech authorities, Prime Minister Andrej Babis said, a position that may further strain relations between the two countries. <Accessed 2020-03-10> 

China Sends Team of Medical Experts, Gear to Help Italy Fight Coronavirus (2020-03-11)
(South China Morning Post, By Wendy Wu) China is sending a team of medical experts to help Italy battle the coronavirus after the European country reported its highest death toll in a single day. <Accessed 2020-03-14>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
The Korean Peninsula

North Korea Launches Multiple Projectiles in Weapons Test, South Korea Says (2020-03-08)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) The test was the country’s second in a week and came as its main rival, South Korea, grappled with a large coronavirus outbreak. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

Armored Cars, Robots and Coal: North Korea Defies U.S. by Evading Sanctions
 (2020-03-09)
(New York Times, By Edward Wong, Christoph Koettl, Whitney Hurst and Elisabetta Povoledo) The country, courted by President Trump, is selling coal and sand to Chinese companies to raise millions for its nuclear program, analysts say. It is also importing luxury goods for the ruling elite. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

Other Regional Issues

Cobra Gold 2020: America’s Strategic Shift in Southeast Asia (2020-03-08)
(The Diplomat, By Zachary Williams) Against that backdrop, the United States Navy and Marine Corps will continue to integrate with Thai Armed Forces to reinforce freedom of navigation through this region — especially since the Gulf of Thailand neighbors the highly contested South China Sea, where China, Taiwan, and four Southeast Asian states – Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam – have overlapping maritime claims. <Accessed 2020-03-08>

PacNet #12 – To Succeed in Space, the US Must Become the Partner of Choice (2020-03-13)
(Pacific Forum, By Thom Dixon and David Kirichenko) Space remains a key defense vulnerability for the US, and one that weakens US superiority in all other domains. To mitigate this vulnerability, it is essential that the US fosters a more competitive mindset in space. <Accessed 2020-03-14>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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Recent Publication James Lee, US grand strategy and the origins of the developmental state, Journal of Strategic Studies
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