::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-11-09 | NO.43(45) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
China Dangles Carrot to Taiwanese in Battle for Hearts and Minds (2019-11-04)
(Bloomberg, By Samson Ellis) China unveiled a wide-ranging set of incentives to Taiwanese companies and individuals designed to make good on President Xi Jinping’s pledge to unify Beijing with the democratically ruled island within a generation. <Accessed 2019-11-04>

China's '26 measures' Seek to Influence Elections: Taiwan Government (2019-11-04)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan, Shen Peng-ta and Joseph Yeh) The "26 measures" announced by China Monday, which claim to treat Taiwanese the same as their Chinese counterparts, is nothing but a ploy to divide Taiwanese people and an attempt to influence the outcome of the January 2020 presidential and legislative elections, the Presidential Office said. <Accessed 2019-11-04>

Facebook Says It Will Crack Down on Fake News ahead of Taiwan Election (2019-11-05)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Facebook said on Tuesday that it would step up efforts to counter disinformation and state-backed influence operations ahead of the Taiwanese presidential election in January. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Fund Raising to Reopen HK Bookstore in Taiwan Beats Target
(CNA, By Shen Peng-ta and Elizabeth Hsu) Hong Kong resident Lam Wing-kee (林榮基) raised nearly NT$6 million (US$197,600) through an online fundraising website in a two-month period to fund his plan to reopen Causeway Bay Books in Taiwan, more than double the original target. <Accessed 2019-11-05>

Taipei Appeals to Hong Kong for Help in Hunt for Taiwanese Robbery Suspect (2019-11-06)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan has called on Hong Kong to cooperate with its legal authorities after a Taiwanese suspect allegedly robbed a watch store at Tsim Sha Tsui in Kowloon early last month and then fled to the island. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Beijing Vows to ‘Fully Respect’ Taiwanese Way of Life … after Reunification (2019-11-07)
(South China Morning Post, By Sarah Zheng) In a communique issued after a key Communist Party meeting last week, Beijing’s leaders pledged to “fully respect” Taiwan’s way of life and said “peaceful reunification” remained the “common wish of all Chinese people” and “serves the fundamental interests of Chinese people”. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

MAC Warns Taiwan Schools of Possible Computer Hacking by China (2019-11-07)
(CNA, By Miao Zong-han, Chen Chih-chung, and Evelyn Kao) The Mainland Affairs Council (MAC), the nation's top policymaking body on China, on Thursday warned schools in Taiwan of the need for stricter cyber security practices after it was confirmed that computer systems at a local university were hacked, alleging the attacks were carried out by China. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Measures Undermine Taiwan: Forum (2019-11-09)
(Taipei Times, By Chung Li-hua) Beijing’s 26 new measures for Taiwanese betray its attempts to impose a “one country, one system” framework on Taiwan and attract the nation’s businesses, at a time when the Chinese economy is declining, policy experts told a forum in Taipei yesterday. <Accessed 2019-11-09>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
U.S. to Continue Strengthening Ties with Taiwan: Report (2019-11-04)
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu, Ku Chuan and Evelyn Kao) The United States reaffirmed its support for Taiwan developing an effective deterrence and national defense capability as well as its commitment to strengthening and deepening its bilateral relationship with the country, in a report detailing the U.S.'s Indo-Pacific strategy released by the Department of State in Bangkok Monday. <Accessed 2019-11-04>

First-Ever U.S.-Taiwan Cyber Exercises Open in Taipei (2019-11-04) 
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) The first-ever international cyber exercises co-hosted by the United States and Taiwan that opened Monday hope to combat the growing number of global cyberattacks, especially those from North Korea and China. <Accessed 2019-11-04>

Taiwan-US Talent Forum Eyes Digital (2019-11-06)
(Taipei Times/CNA) The first Talent Circulation Summit organized by Taiwan and the US was held in Taipei yesterday to discuss ways to develop and internationalize Taiwan’s workforce for the digital age. <Accessed 2019-11-06>

Taiwan, US Officials Visit St Lucia on Trade Mission (2019-11-08)
(Taipei Times/CNA) A Taiwan-US business delegation has visited Saint Lucia this week to increase private sector investment in the Caribbean nation, marking the first time the two nations jointly embarked on a trade mission to one of Taiwan’s diplomatic allies, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said yesterday. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

AIT Director Outlines Chinese Threats (2019-11-08)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) Beijing has targeted Taiwan with military and non-traditional threats, including a disinformation campaign to undercut faith in democracy, but the nation is not alone in defending a free and open Indo-Pacific region, American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) Director Brent Christensen told a digital forum in Taipei yesterday. <Accessed 2019-11-09>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics

Hold the Faith on Taiwan’s Future (2019-10-23)
(Brookings, By Ryan Hass) Although the present snapshot of Taiwan’s situation certainly looks troubling, I still believe there are good reasons to resist impulses toward drawing dark conclusions about Taiwan’s future. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

China-Friendly Veteran Mulls Taiwan Election Bid, Boosting Tsai
(Bloomberg, By Samson Ellis and Miaojung Lin) Tsai Ing-wen’s chances of being re-elected as Taiwan’s president received a boost as one of Taiwan’s most senior China-friendly politicians appears set to enter the election, potentially sapping votes from the main opposition candidate. <Accessed 2019-11-04>

2020 Elections: Taipei Political Status Quo Faces New Challenges
(CNA, By Liu Chien-pang and Joseph Yeh) As Taiwan's two major political parties campaign to hold onto their current legislative seats in Taipei in the January 2020 legislative elections, their plans have been complicated by smaller parties joining the race. <Accessed 2019-11-05>

2020 Elections: Taichung Seen as Vital to National Electoral Victory (2019-11-09)
(CNA, By Su Mu-chun and Matthew Mazzetta) Two months ahead of national elections, candidates from the governing Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) and opposition Kuomintang (KMT) are dusting off an old political maxim - the election's "decisive battle" will occur in central Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Taiwan's Foreign Relations

Taiwan at the Crossroads of History (2019-11-05)
(The Diplomat, By Chih-Wei Chen) Confronting the severe challenges and fierce competition of international relations, as well as echoing the new resolution released by the DPP, Taiwan should re-position itself as “Taiwan of the world,” not only to contribute energies to regional democratic development based on the achievement of democracy and human rights, but also to embrace the vision of a sustainable future to expand and deepen connections and collaboration with the world. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

ICAO Should Not Ignore Taiwan: Lin
(Taipei Times, By Shelley Shan) Taiwan should not be left out of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Minister of Transportation and Communications Lin Chia-lung (林佳龍) reiterated yesterday. As a member of the global aviation community, Taiwan is willing and able to contribute to a more seamless flight safety network, Lin said at the opening of the International Air Safety Summit in Taipei. <Accessed 2019-11-05>

U.S.-China Relations
Assessing the EU-China-US Triangle (2019-11-05)
(The Diplomat, By Mercy A. Kuo) Trans-Pacific View author Mercy Kuo regularly engages subject-matter experts, policy practitioners, and strategic thinkers across the globe for their diverse insights into U.S. Asia policy. This conversation with Dr. Frans-Paul van der Putten – senior research fellow at Clingendael and co-coordinator of the Clingendael China Center in The Hague – is the 211th in “The Trans-Pacific View Insight Series.” <Accessed 2019-11-09>

China Defense Minister Discusses Hong Kong, Taiwan with U.S.: State Media
(Reuters, By Ben Blanchard) Chinese Defense Minister Wei Fenghe discussed Hong Kong, Taiwan, the South China Sea and Xinjiang with U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper on Wednesday during a telephone call, state media said. <Accessed 2019-11-06>

China’s 5G Dominance Could Lead to a ‘Dangerous’ Internet Split with the US, Donald Trump’s FCC Chief Warns (2019-11-06)
(South China Morning Post, By Jodi Xu Klein) China’s prominence in next-generation 5G wireless technology not only threatens US security but could lead to a “dangerous” US-China internet split, the chairman of the US Federal Communications Commission has said. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

US Says China ‘Bullying’ Neighbors (2019-11-06)
(Taipei Times) The US on Monday accused China of intimidation in the South China Sea as it put forward its strongest language yet rejecting Beijing’s claims to the strategic, dispute-rife waters. <Accessed 2019-11-06>

Taiwan Largest Beneficiary of U.S.-China Trade War: U.N. Report (2019-11-06)
(CNA, By Chen Cheng-yi, Wu Chia-jung and Frances Huang) The ongoing trade war between the United States and China has hurt both of those economies but helped other countries by diverting production to their markets, with Taiwan the biggest beneficiary, a United Nations report has argued. <Accessed 2019-11-06>

U.S. and China Agree to Roll Back Some Tariffs if Deal Is Struck (2019-11-07)
(New York Times, By Ana Swanson, Keith Bradsher and Alan Rappeport) The United States and China have agreed that an initial trade deal between the two countries would roll back a portion of the tariffs they are placing on each other’s products, officials from both countries said, a significant step toward defusing tensions between the world’s largest economies. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Danger of Escalating US-China Conflict Is Heightened by Advances in AI and Quantum Computing (2019-11-09)
(South China Morning Post, By John F. Copper) But there are even more worrisome reasons for disquiet: the profound trends in the ingredients of global power. Artificial intelligence, quantum computers and other advances in technology have affected the military strategies of the two great powers and change the nature of conflict and warfare. <Accessed 2019-11-09>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

PacNet #57 - Mounting Challenges for Xi (2019-11-05)
(Pacific Forum, By Zhiqun Zhu) It is clearly Xi’s ambition to realize the “Chinese dream” of national rejuvenation by the middle of the twenty-first century. However, mounting challenges – both internally and externally – lie ahead. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Beijing and Hong Kong

Hong Kong Protesters Call for U.S. Help. China Sees a Conspiracy. (2019-11-03)
(New York Times, By Edward Wong) The United States represents democracy, and the activists hope that maybe, just maybe, it will save Hong Kong. Five months in, they are trying harder than ever to draw the United States into their movement. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Xi Jinping Endorses Carrie Lam, Embattled Hong Kong Leader
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher and Chris Buckley) President Xi Jinping of China publicly backed the beleaguered leader of Hong Kong on Monday, in his most direct public comments so far on the pro-democracy protests that have shaken the city for months and raised doubts about her political survival. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

China Vows Tougher Security in Hong Kong. Easier Said Than Done. (2019-11-06)
(New York Times, By Chris Buckley) Beijing urged Hong Kong’s embattled leader on Wednesday to support a push to impose national security measures in the territory, which has been hit by months of antigovernment protests. The trouble is that what China’s ruling Communist Party has proposed is not clear and could be hard to enforce. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Anger in Hong Kong After Student Dies From Fall Following Clash With Police
(New York Times, By Austin Ramzy and Ezra Cheung) A Hong Kong student died on Friday after falling earlier this week from a parking garage where police officers clashed with protesters, a development that further escalated the public’s fury after months of antigovernment demonstrations. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Hong Kong Pro-Democracy Lawmakers Charged, Student Mourned (2019-11-09)
(Associated Press, By Eileen Ng) Police in Hong Kong said Saturday that they have arrested and charged six pro-democracy lawmakers, a move that could escalate public fury a day after the death of a university student linked to months of anti-government protests in the semi-autonomous Chinese territory. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

China Says Only Patriots Can Become Hong Kong Chief Executive (2019-11-09)
(Bloomberg, By Lulu Yilun Chen and Josie Wong) China’s top official overseeing Hong Kong affairs said Beijing will ensure only people loyal to it become the city’s chief executive, damping hopes of pro-democracy activists. The majority of representatives in Hong Kong’s cabinet, judiciary and legislative bodies should also support the central government, Zhang Xiaoming said in a post on the agency’s website. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

China's Foreign Relations

China’s Xi Praises Free Trade. Striking Deals Is Another Matter. (2019-11-04)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher) Xi Jinping, China’s top leader, broadly endorsed free-trade principles and promised to welcome foreign investment in a speech on Tuesday, but a setback with India and a lack of details toward ending the punishing trade war with the United States are testing Beijing’s ability to prove it can make a deal. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

China Hosts Second CIIE, Globalization Remains Core Message  (2019-11-07)
(The Diplomat, By Eleanor Albert) The expo, launched by Xi Jinping at the first Belt and Road Forum in 2017 in Beijing, is but one of a number of initiatives intended to bolster the future prospects of China’s economic growth and to boost its imports. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

French President Emmanuel Macron’s Visit to China Was a Success, but More Could Have Been Achieved, Experts Say (2019-11-07)
(South China Morning Post, By Stuart Lau) French President Emmanuel Macron’s visit to China succeeded in presenting the world with a united Europe but fell short of securing major trade promises from his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, analysts said. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Comparing Myanmar and North Korea’s Resentful Reliance on China (2019-11-07)
(East Asia Forum, By Jonathan T Chow and Leif-Eric Easley) Myanmar and North Korea rely heavily on China for trade, investment, diplomatic support and military assistance. But citizens in both countries express resentment about China’s growing economic and political influence. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Dutch Chip Maker ASML Denies Reports Delayed China Order Is Due to US Pressure, Says It Needs Export Licence (2019-11-08)
(South China Morning Post, By Li Tao and Sarah Dai) Europe’s leading semiconductor equipment manufacturer ASML has denied media reports that delays in the shipment of hi-tech machinery to China meant that it was bowing to US pressure, saying the decision was made because it is waiting for an export licence to be approved. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Greece Set to Welcome Chinese President Xi Jinping as EU, US Look On with Concern (2019-11-09)
(South China Morning Post, By Stuart Lau) With Chinese President Xi Jinping set to arrive in Athens on Sunday, Greece will be keen to use the trip to its advantage while not upsetting its allies within the European Union or the United States, observers say. <Accessed 2019-11-09>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

Beijing Pledges ‘Long Term Peace’ in South China Sea Where its Asean Neighbours Also Stake Claims (2019-11-03)
(South China Morning Post, By Bhavan Jaipragas) China is hopeful for “new progress” to be made in ongoing talks with the Asean bloc for a code of conduct governing the disputed South China Sea, Premier Li Keqiang said at a summit on Sunday, as other regional leaders called for countries to exercise restraint over the row. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Vietnam Mulls Legal Action Over South China Sea Dispute (2019-11-06)
(Reuters, By Matthew Tostevin and Andrew Cawthorne) Vietnam could explore legal action among various options in its territorial dispute with powerful neighbor China in the South China Sea, a senior government official said on Wednesday.<Accessed 2019-11-06>

US Navy Ship Replenishes Indian Navy Ship in South China Sea (2019-11-06)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) A United States Merchant Marine vessel conducted a replenishment-at-sea (RAS) for an Indian Navy corvette in the South China Sea, the U.S. Pacific Fleet announced on Tuesday. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Philippines Will Start Stamping Chinese Passports for First Time in 7 Years (2019-11-06)
(Bloomberg, By Philip Heijmans) The Philippines will resume stamping Chinese passports featuring a map of the heavily disputed nine-dash line within the South China Sea, the country’s Bureau of Immigration said. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

China Hopes Vietnam Does Not 'Complicate' South China Sea Issue (2019-11-08)
(Reuters, By Ben Blanchard) China called on Vietnam on Friday not to “complicate” the South China Sea issue, after a senior official in Vietnam said it could explore legal action, among various options, in its territorial dispute with China over the waters. Friction has grown between the two communist-run countries since China in July sent a ship for a months-long seismic survey to an area internationally designated as Vietnam’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ), but also claimed by China. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

US-China Competition Will Heat up the South China Sea (2019-11-08)
(The Diplomat, By Wu Shicun) In terms of strategy, the United States has used the South China Sea issue as a wooing mechanism to force countries inside and outside of the region to take sides with the ultimate goal of building a military alliance against China in the Indo-Pacific region. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

The Korean Peninsula

Warnings, Recriminations and a Missile Launch: How the US-North Korea Nuclear Talks Died (2019-11-08)
(South China Morning Post, By Lee Jeong-ho and Laura Zhou) With Pyongyang returning to its traditional approach, Washington and Seoul are also tilting towards their orthodox stance on North Korea. The allies are now preparing to resume their joint air defence exercises, as narratives in Washington also showing some signs of changing. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Other Regional Issues
Trump Absent, ASEAN Charts Path for Trade Bloc Led by China (2019-11-03)
(Associated Press, By Jim Gomez and Grant Peck) ASEAN leaders “welcomed the conclusion of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership negotiations” and the commitment to sign the free trade deal next year, the summit’s host, Thai Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha, said in a statement on behalf of the 10-nation regional bloc after the annual meetings. <Accessed 2019-11-04>

Straining to Achieve Potential at the East Asian Summit in Bangkok (2019-11-04)
(East Asia Forum, By the Editorial Board) Thus, while EAS presents as a powerful convening place for trying to conclude what will be one of the world’s biggest free trade agreements and economic cooperation arrangements, it may not yet quite be able to assert the potential inherent in its structure, function and membership to totally make-over Asia’s increasingly contested regional order. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

US Woos Asia with Plan to Rival China’s ‘Belt and Road’ (2019-11-05)
(Associated Press, By Elaine Kurtenbach) Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said Tuesday the U.S. will invest and trade more in Asia as it rolls out an American plan to support “sustainable” projects in Asia as a counterpoint to China’s multibillion-dollar “Belt and Road” infrastructure initiative. <Accessed 2019-11-05>

Japan-South Korea Face Looming Deadline to Rescue Military Pact (2019-11-05)
(Bloomberg, By Isabel Reynolds and Jihye Lee) The General Security of Military Information Agreement, or GSOMIA, was signed by Japan and South Korea in November 2016 and was seen as a breakthrough in getting them to cooperate independently of the U.S. South Korea notified Japan in August it would withdraw from the hard-won agreement, raising alarm in Washington. <Accessed 2019-11-05>

India’s RCEP Blunder (2019-11-09)
(East Asia Forum, By Sourabh Gupta) Now without an economic integration strategy in Asia, India’s ‘Act East’ policy risks amounting to little more than becoming the naval doorman of the Indo-Pacific. India’s RCEP exit will also compound the less-than-high regard that it is held in by many of its Southeast Asia peers and does not bode well for the long-term durability of its ‘Act East’ policy. <Accessed 2019-11-09>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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Recent Publication Gerald Chan, China’s Maritime Silk Road: Advancing Global Development? (Edward Elgar Publishing)
Recent Publication Kharis Templeman, Yun-han Chu, and Larry Diamond (eds.), Dynamics of Democracy in Taiwan: The Ma Ying-jeou Years (Lynne Rienner Publishers)
Forthcoming Publication Mei-Fang Fan, Deliberative Democracy in Taiwan: A Deliberative Systems Perspective (Routledge)
Recent Publication Kerry Gershaneck, "To Win without Fighting: Defining China's Political Warfare" (Expeditions with Marine Corps University Press)
Recent Publication James Lee, "Did Thucydides Believe in Thucydides’ Trap? The History of the Peloponnesian War and Its Relevance to U.S.-China Relations" (Journal of Chinese Political Science)
Recent Publication James Lee, US grand strategy and the origins of the developmental state, Journal of Strategic Studies
Recent Publication Elizabeth Freund Larus, Politics and Society in Contemporary China, 2nd edition (Lynne Rienner Publishers)
Recent Publication John F. Copper, ""Cross-Strait Relations in the Wake of Taiwan’s January 2016 Election: Taiwan’s Narratives" in Chineseness and Modernity in a Changing China: Essays in Honour of Professor Wang Gungwu, edited by Yongnian Zheng and Litao Zhao (World Scientific)
Recent Publication James Lee, American Diplomacy and Export-Oriented Industrialization on Taiwan (Journal of East Asian Studies)
Recent Publication J. Michael Cole, Cross-Strait Relations Since 2016: The End of the Illusion (1st Edition) (Routledge)
Recent Publication Kingsley Edney, Stanley Rosen, and Ying Zhu, Soft Power With Chinese Characteristics: China’s Campaign for Hearts and Minds (1st Edition) (Routledge)
Recent Publication John Franklin Copper, Taiwan: Nation-State or Province? (7th Edition) (Routledge)
Recent Publication Peter Mattis and Matthew Brazil, Chinese Communist Espionage: An Intelligence Primer (U.S. Naval Institute Press)
Recent Publication Takashi Inoguchi and Lien Thi Quynh Le, The Development of Global Legislative Politics: Rousseau and Locke Writ Global (Springer Singapore) (includes analysis of East Asian cases)
Recent Publication Hans Stockton and Yao-Yuan Yeh (eds.), Taiwan: The Development of an Asian Tiger (Lynne Rienner Publishers)
Recent Publication Dafydd Fell and Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao (eds.), Taiwan Studies Revisited, 1st Edition (Routledge)
TSR received a favorable review by the Foreign Affairs (July/Aug 2000)
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