::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-11-02 | NO.43(44) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
How a Chinese Invasion of Taiwan Could Destabilize Japan (2019-10-27)
(The Diplomat, By Travis Sanderson) In the event of a Taiwanese refugee crisis, Japan would suffer certain immediate short-term consequences nearly impossible to avoid. Japan’s total of lack of adequate refugee provisions would likely lead to economic strain as large numbers of Taiwanese communities arrive on Japanese shores with little hope of integration. Taiwanese asylum-seekers, unemployed, will be transformed by national media and popular culture into economic scapegoats. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

Taiwan and Hong Kong Spar Over Fate of Recently Freed Murder Suspect (2019-10-27)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Taiwan and Hong Kong have spent the week sparring over how to handle the case of murder suspect Chan Tong-kai, who is wanted in Taiwan for allegedly murdering his pregnant girlfriend, Poon Hiu-wing, in February 2018. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

Friends from Hong Kong: Taiwan's Refugee Problem (2019-10-27)
(The Diplomat, By Lev Nachman and Brian Hioe) So far, the answer from the Taiwanese government appears to be no. While establishing a process of asylum applications for Hong Kongers was one of the demands of the September 29 march, and despite seeing a 28 percent increase in immigration to Taiwan from Hong Kong in August, the Tsai administration has failed to take steps to create concrete procedures for Hong Kongers. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

Why Xi Jinping Can't Sell China's 'One Nation' Strategy (2019-10-28)
(National Interest, By Denny Roy) Beijing has done all of this to force the Taiwanese to want to be part of China. At the same time, however, Beijing has made the already unpopular prospect of political unification with the PRC even less attractive, most notably through the dramatic increase in political repression inside China since Xi became the paramount leader in 2012. <Accessed 2019-10-30>

Taiwan Charges Pro-Beijing Politicians with Accepting Funds from Chinese Mainland (2019-10-30)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Two pro-Beijing politicians in Taiwan have been charged with accepting funds from the Chinese mainland. Observers said the decision to charge the pair, from the Chinese Democratic Progressive Party, reflected the authorities’ determination to counter alleged inference in the island’s political process ahead of the presidential election in January. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

‘United Front’ Performances Could Be Halted: Chen (2019-10-31)
(Taipei Times/CNA) Mainland Affairs Council Minister Chen Ming-tong (陳明通) said cross-strait cultural exchanges are important, but any Chinese citizen who intends to engage in or engages in “united front work” would not be allowed to enter or remain in Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-11-04>

Missing Taiwan Professor Receives Jail Sentence in China (2019-11-01)
(CNA, By Miao Zong-han, Chen Chih-chung, and Matthew Mazzetta) A retired National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU) professor who disappeared in China has been sentenced to a three-to-four year prison term on national security charges, a source close to the professor's family told CNA Friday. Shih Cheng-ping (施正屏), a retired associate professor from NTNU's Graduate Institute of International Human Resource Development, has been missing in China since last August. <Accessed 2019-11-04>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
Senate Passes Act to Help Taiwan Keeps Allies (2019-10-30)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Joseph Yeh) The United States Senate passed a piece of legislation Tuesday to ask the government to help Taiwan keep its remaining 15 diplomatic allies while supporting its international presence. <Accessed 2019-10-30>

Taiwan Invites US to Help Gauge Its Military Strength as Analysts Warn of Growing Threat from Mainland China
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan will seek US help to assess the island’s military strength next year as defence analysts warned of a growing military threat from mainland China. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

US Bill to Protect Taiwan from Chinese Diplomatic Pressure Wins Congressional Committee Approval
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) The US took another step towards a shift in Taiwan policy on Wednesday when the House of Representatives foreign affairs committee voted unanimously to approve its version of the Taiwan Allies International Protection and Enhancement Initiative (Taipei) bill. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

Cabinet Finalizes Budget for F-16V Procurement (2019-11-01)
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin) The Executive Yuan yesterday finalized a special budget request of NT$247.2 billion (US$8.12 billion) to procure 66 F-16V jets from the US. The request comes on the heels of the Special Act on the Procurement of Updated Fighter Jets (新式戰機採購特別條例) passed by the Legislative Yuan on Tuesday, which capped the budget at NT$250 billion. <Accessed 2019-11-04>

US Senator Introduces ‘Skinny’ Version of Defense Bill, Omitting Taiwan Affairs (2019-11-02)
(Taipei Times/CNA) The content of the US Senate’s version of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for fiscal 2020 that touches on Taiwan affairs has not been kept in a curtailed version of the bill, which is hoped will be passed by the end of this year. <Accessed 2019-11-02>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics
Former Taiwan Vice President Abandons Presidential Bid (2019-11-02)
(CNA, By Huang Rei-hung and Ko Lin) Taipei, Nov. 2 (CNA) Former Vice President Annette Lu (呂秀蓮) announced Saturday that she is pulling out of the 2020 presidential race, citing legal and political constraints as the main factors behind the withdrawal of her bid as an independent candidate. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

Taiwan's Foreign Relations
Taiwan's New Southbound Policy and the Looming Election (2019-10-27)
(The Diplomat, By Jeremy Huai-Che Chiang) Utilizing relations with like-minded countries may provide results, but this should be no substitute for efforts to build organic collaboration and bilateral projects between Taiwan and Asian countries. And relations with like-minded countries alone, obviously, cannot substitute for strong ties with Taiwan’s neighbors beyond Japan and China. In an increasingly multipolar world, Taiwan needs to recognize this reality and enact measures to adapt. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

Chair of European Parliament Taiwan Friendship Group Visits Taiwan (2019-10-27)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) The chairman of the European Parliament Taiwan Friendship Group, along with eight other legislators from the European Parliament, arrived in Taiwan Sunday for a six-day visit, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) announced that same day. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

Government Coproduces TV Campaigns in Four Asian Countries to Promote Ties (2019-10-27)
(Taipei Times/CNA) Television stations in four Asian countries are to air tailor-made TV programs next month that are being coproduced by the Taiwanese government to promote Taiwan and people-to-people ties, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) said on Tuesday. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

As Taiwan’s Allies Dwindle, St Lucia Stands Firm Against China Pressure (2019-10-28)
(South China Morning Post, By Sarah Zheng) When Taiwan celebrated its National Day earlier this month, St Lucia was one of the island’s dwindling number of diplomatic allies taking part in the festivities. <Accessed 2019-10-28>

New Taipei City, Marshalls’ Jaluit Atoll Forge Ties (2019-10-29)
(Taipei Times/CNA) New Taipei City and Jaluit Atoll in the Marshall Islands on Sunday inked a pact to establish sisterhood ties, with New Taipei City Mayor Hou You-yi (侯友宜), Marshall Islands President Hilda Heine and Jaluit Atoll Mayor Alington Robert signing a memorandum of understanding at New Taipei City Hall. <Accessed 2019-11-04>

Taiwan’s 2020 Election Isn’t Just about the President (2019-10-31)
(East Asia Forum, By Lev Nachman) Although the majority of international press coverage has focused on Tsai and Han, there is another part of this election that is just as important: the fight for Taiwan’ s legislature. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

Saint Lucia Prime Minister Reiterates Support for Taiwan (2019-10-31)
(CNA, By Elaine Hou and Chiang Yi-ching) Saint Lucia Prime Minister Allen Chastanet reiterated his government's support for Taiwan in a recent statement to the Saint Lucia parliament, its embassy in Taiwan said Thursday. Saint Lucia highly values its growing friendship and bilateral cooperation with Taiwan, Chastanet said, "and remains committed to providing support at the diplomatic and international levels." <Accessed 2019-11-04>

EU Lawmakers Say Taiwan Must Continue Global Push (2019-11-02)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) Taiwan should make its calls known to the world, despite Chinese pressure, members of the European Parliament Taiwan Friendship Group told a news conference in Taipei yesterday, adding that the newly established Formosa Club aims to set up a Europe-wide network to raise awareness about Taiwanese causes. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

Taiwan, Japan Sign Four MOUs at Tokyo Conference (2019-11-02)
(Taipei Times/CNA) Taiwan and Japan on Wednesday capped two days of talks at the Taiwan-Japan Economic and Trade Conference in Tokyo with the signing of four memorandums of understanding (MOU), including one on mutual recognition of their respective organic food certifications. <Accessed 2019-11-02>
U.S.-China Relations
Pence Doubles Down on 'Tough on China' Messaging (2019-10-27)
(The Diplomat, By Eleanor Albert) Pence not only spoke of the impact of Beijing’s actions in relation to the interests of the United States, but also commented on Beijing’s influence across the globe. He was notably critical of what he described as China’s export of censorship and technological capabilities to develop a surveillance state. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

Can Cooperation Prevent the Descent of A Digital Iron Curtain? (2019-10-27)
(East Asia Forum, By Christopher Findlay) Banning Huawei is not the best solution. A more efficient solution would be to identify the real risks involved and to design good regulatory and business responses in an internationally cooperative manner. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

The Future of US-China Strategic Competition: Minding the Clarity Gaps (2019-10-30)
(The Diplomat, By Prashanth Parameswaran) Pence’s speech, following a landmark address on the same subject at the Hudson Institute a year before, reinforced the bipartisan, wide-ranging effort underway in Washington to reshape the U.S.-China relationship in the face of changing realities. But it also concealed lingering uncertainties that remain with respect to Washington’s future outlook, China’s response, and the region’s reaction to this more competitive phase of U.S.-China relations. <Accessed 2019-10-30>

The China-NBA Tempest in a Teacup (2019-10-30)
(The Diplomat, By Jansen Tham) But a deeper analysis of the issue reveals that the Chinese-NBA skirmish of words – and threats of boycott – is a tempest in a teacup, and is merely a symptom of a wider, long-term trend of U.S.-China tensions going beyond the government-to-government level to involve the private sector. <Accessed 2019-10-30>

US Has Woken Up to How ‘Truly Hostile’ China Is towards Western Values, Says Secretary of State Mike Pompeo (2019-10-31)
(South China Morning Post, By Keegan Elmer) US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo started a series of speeches on “the challenge of China” on Wednesday by saying that Beijing’s policies were hostile to Western interests. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

The Huawei Dilemma: Washington Still Stuck Trying to Balance National Security against US Tech Supremacy (2019-11-01)
(South China Morning Post, By Jodi Xu Klein) It turns out that protecting the US telecoms infrastructure from foreign threats is a lot harder – and more complicated – than expected, especially when it pits that priority against the competing objective of maintaining the US’ technological pre-eminence. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

U.S.-China Trade Deal in Sight After Progress in High-Level Talks (2019-11-01)
(Reuters, By Makini Brice and Andrea Shalal) The United States and China on Friday said they made progress in talks aimed at defusing a nearly 16-month-long trade war that has harmed the global economy, and U.S. officials said a deal could be signed this month. The Chinese Commerce Ministry on Friday said the world’s two largest economies had reached “consensus on principles” during a “serious and constructive” telephone call between their main trade negotiators. <Accessed 2019-11-04>

China, US Must Discuss National Security Issues, Industry Leader Says amid Reports of TikTok Inquiry (2019-11-02)
(South China Morning Post, By Laura Zhou and Orange Wang) China and the United States should hold high-level discussions on national security, a US business leader said on Saturday, following reports that Washington has launched a review of Chinese app TikTok’s US$1 billion acquisition of an American social media app in 2017. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

China-US Strategic Rivalry Will Be on Display at East Asia Summit Even if Donald Trump Isn’t, Observers Say (2019-11-02)
(South China Morning Post, By Laura Zhou) The absence of a top level US official at a regional forum in Thailand this weekend should not be seen as an easing of the strategic rivalry between Washington and Beijing, observers say. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

China Wins WTO Case to Sanction US$3.6 Billion in US Products Following Anti-dumping Dispute (2019-11-02)
(South China Morning Post, By Robert Delaney) The World Trade Organisation on Friday allowed China to levy US$3.6 billion worth of punitive tariffs on US goods in an anti-dumping dispute Beijing brought against Washington in 2013. <Accessed 2019-11-02>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China
China's Corporate Social Credit System Demands Political Obedience from Companies (2019-10-27)
(The Diplomat, By Daniel Rechtschaffen) Critics liken China’s social credit system to an Orwellian police state nightmare. But while popular discourse of the system tends to focus on how it will impact Chinese citizens, its primary purpose is actually to monitor companies and ensure corporate compliance with existing regulations. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

Reviewing China's National Day Parade (2019-10-27)
(The Diplomat, By Rick Joe) Overall, the 2019 National Day Parade brought together the debuts of quite a range of new combat systems, some of which were long awaited, some of which were surprises, and some of which were highly suspected or confirmed. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

As China’s Troubles Simmer, Xi Reinforces His Political Firewall (2019-10-28)
(New York Times, By Chris Buckley) With China mired in a trade war, economic slowdown and Hong Kong unrest, Xi Jinping will use an elite meeting to focus more on increasing his control over the Communist Party. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

The Failings of ‘One Country, Two Systems’ (2019-10-29)
(East Asia Forum, By Alfred M. Wu) The ‘one country, two systems’ framework is coming under increasing pressure as unprecedented protests and months of unrest rock Hong Kong. Sustaining local autonomy against the background of an increasingly assertive Chinese centre has become a progressively tricky issue. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

For Uighur Muslims in China, Life Keeps Getting Harder (2019-10-30)
(Foreign Policy, By FP Editors) Over the past several years, Chinese repression of ethnic Uighurs has become increasingly harsh. From sending them to detention camps in remote places to tracking the activities of their global diaspora, Beijing is making it more and more difficult for members of the predominantly Muslim minority to simply exist. <Accessed 2019-10-30>

Beijing and Hong Kong
Inside Hong Kong's Leaderless Uprising (2019-10-27)
(The Diplomat, By Magnus Ag) His dream is shared by many. “I joined the protests because Hong Kong has no democracy now,” says a 17-year-old woman, dressed in black, during a protest near the historic Victoria Harbor. “Many youngsters like me will step up and risk anything to save Hong Kong.” <Accessed 2019-10-27>

Compromise is Still (Just About) Possible in Hong Kong (2019-10-27)
(Foreign Policy, By Derek Grossman) Any return to normalcy is going to require both parties—the Hong Kong government and protesters—to make difficult, even risky, compromises. But if done in good faith, Hong Kong can finally move past this painful moment in its history. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

Hong Kong Protesters Hurl Petrol Bombs After Police Fire Tear Gas to Clear Rally (2019-10-27)
(Reuters, By John Geddie and Tom Westbrook) Hong Kong anti-government protesters set fire to shops and hurled petrol bombs on Sunday, police said, after riot police fired tear gas, water cannon and rubber bullets to disperse thousands in the Tsim Sha Tsui harbor-front hotel district. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

Don't Let a New Rift Between China and the West Be Torn Over Hong Kong (2019-10-30)
(The Diplomat, By Jin Kai) In a speech given at the Woodrow Wilson International Center in Washington, D.C. on October 24, U.S. Vice President Mike Pence claimed that the United States does not seek to “decouple” from China and does not seek “confrontation” with China. If this is what Washington truly means, don’t let a new rift between China and the United States be torn in Hong Kong. <Accessed 2019-10-30>

The Future of Hong Kong's Autonomy (2019-10-30)
(The Diplomat, By Brian C.H. Fong) The “Water Revolution” in Hong Kong that began in June continues to hit global headlines. Many people are wondering why Hong Kongers are so united and willing to carry on their fight for over four months, with no indication of retreat so far. <Accessed 2019-10-30>

China Says It Will Roll Out ‘National Security’ Steps for Hong Kong (2019-10-31)
(New York Times, By Chris Buckley) China will roll out new steps to “safeguard national security” in Hong Kong after months of antigovernment protests that have destabilized the semiautonomous city, the Chinese Communist Party leadership announced on Thursday. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

Hong Kong Protests: Police Face Off With Demonstrators After Election Rally (2019-11-02)
(New York Times, By Amy Qin, Austin Ramzy and Tiffany May) Police officers in Hong Kong on Saturday fired tear gas and clashed with protesters around the city, capping 21 weeks of antigovernment demonstrations that have convulsed this international financial hub and helped to sink it into a recession. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

China's Foreign Relations
Russia to Help China Develop an Early Warning System (2019-10-27)
(The Diplomat By, Dmitry Stefanovich) Given the scarce yet critical information known, it appears that at the current stage Russia is helping China define the architecture of its national early warning system – both ground and space layers. It is crucial to have as many reserve sources of information as possible, and the technologies to produce fast and top quality analysis of incoming data and provide decision-making support. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

China and India Are Fighting Over Nepal's Railway (2019-10-27)
(Foreign Policy, By Arun Budhathoki) The government’s ambitions are huge. Its vision is of Nepal as a hub between India and China, connecting two economic giants and profiting in the process. The challenge will be pulling that off without alienating one side or the other. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

Outfoxed and Outgunned: How China Routed the U.S. in a U.N. Agency (2019-10-27)
(Foreign Policy, By Colum Lynch, Robbie Gramer) The win marked an international triumph for China, showcasing its growing political and economic might and its newfound ability to seed top jobs at international institutions with hand-picked candidates. But the race also fueled allegations that it forgave tens of millions of dollars of debt to an African state in exchange for withdrawing its candidate from the race and threatened economic retaliation against smaller and more developing countries if they opposed China’s plan. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

The Second 'Informal Summit' is Done. Now for the Hard Part in India-China Ties (2019-10-27)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) For now, India and China remain as far apart as ever on the fundamentals. And given their interests and mutual suspicions, no amount of meetings can change that. <Accessed 2019-10-27>

China and West Clash Over Claims Beijing Oppresses Uighurs (2019-10-29)
(Associated Press, By Edith M. Lederer) China and the West clashed at the U.N. human rights committee Tuesday over claims that Beijing systematically oppresses ethnic minority Muslims in far western Xinjiang province. <Accessed 2019-11-04>

Beijing's Next Big Problem (2019-10-30)
(The Diplomat, By Stephen Smith) For states on China’s periphery, salvation is not to be found in paltry American alternatives to the Belt and Road Initiative nor in embracing “shared values” with the West. Balancing overwhelming Chinese power is no longer an option. The future involves navigating new and very real power asymmetries. <Accessed 2019-10-30>

India, China Clash Over Kashmir as It Loses Special Status and is Divided (2019-10-31)
(Reuters, By Zeba Siddiqui and Fayaz Bukhari) India engaged in a diplomatic war of words with China over Kashmir on Thursday as it formally revoked the disputed state’s constitutional autonomy and split it into two federal territories in a bid to integrate it fully into India. <Accessed 2019-11-04>

China Strengthens Europe Ties with Appointment of First Special Envoy (2019-11-01)
(South China Morning Post, By Catherine Wong and Stuart Lau) China has named its first special envoy to take charge of European affairs ahead of a leadership reshuffle of the European Commission later this year, and as Beijing seeks support from Europe amid its protracted trade war with Washington. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

Huawei Warns Australia It Is Being ‘Left Behind’ on 5G as Tech Giant Challenges Ban (2019-11-01)
(South China Morning Post, By John Power) Chinese tech giant Huawei has urged Australia to overturn a ban on the firm’s involvement in 5G, warning that the country is “already being left far behind” in the global race to roll out ultra-fast broadband services. <Accessed 2019-11-02>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
ASEAN'S China Dilemma (2019-10-30)
(The Diplomat, By Trinh Le) The discovery that the infamous nine-dash line appeared in a scene in a DreamWorks’ animated film, which was originally due to appear in cinemas in Vietnam, Malaysia, and Philippines, did not help. It increases distrust from Southeast Asian claimants with Beijing’s approach. On the one hand China talks about cooperation and peaceful discussions; on the other hand they implicitly push for their own agenda in the smallest details. <Accessed 2019-10-30>

North Korea Fires 2 Projectiles in First Test Since Latest Talks Stalled
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) North Korea launched ​two short-range projectiles off its east coast on Thursday, its first such tests since a new effort at talks with the United States stalled over the terms of ending its nuclear weapons program. <Accessed 2019-11-02>

North Korea, Emboldened by Trump Peril and Chinese Allies, Tries Harder Line (2019-11-01)
(Reuters, By Josh Smith and Hyonhee Shin) North Korea has said in recent days that it is losing patience, giving the United States until the end of the year to change its negotiating stance. North Korea has tested the limits of engagement with a string of missile launches, including two fired on Thursday, and experts warn that the lack of a concrete arms control agreement has allowed the country to continue producing nuclear weapons. <Accessed 2019-11-04>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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