::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-10-19 | NO.43(42) epaper |
Note to Readers
New Publication Inoguchi, Takashi, Quynh Le, and Lien Thi. The Development of Global Legislative Politics: Rousseau and Locke Writ Global (Springer Singapore) (includes analysis of East Asian cases)
Cross-Strait Relations
Christian Dior’s Apology to Beijing over China Map ‘A Mistake’, Taipei Says (2019-10-18)
(South China Morning Post, By Kinling Lo) Taiwan has hit out at French luxury brand Christian Dior after it apologised for using a map of China that did not include the self-ruled island Beijing considers its territory. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

Taiwan Urges Hong Kong to Investigate Killing That Helped Stir Protests
(New York Times, By Austin Ramzy) The suspect in a murder case that helped trigger the biggest political crisis in Hong Kong in decades has said he would turn himself in to the authorities in Taiwan, where he is wanted, the Hong Kong government said Friday. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

Chinese Tourist Numbers Declined 68% Last Month
(Taipei Times/CNA) About 44,000 Chinese tourists visited Taiwan last month, down 68 percent from a year earlier, Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) Deputy Minister Chiu Chui-cheng (邱垂正) said on Thursday, citing figures from the National Immigration Agency. The decline follows Beijing’s August announcement that it would temporarily stop issuing travel permits for independent travel to Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-10-19>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
U.S. to Issue LOA to Finalize M1A2 Tank Sale Soon: Taiwan (2019-10-15)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Joseph Yeh) The United States will soon send Taiwan a letter of offer and acceptance (LOA), a contract between the U.S. military and a foreign military sale customer, to officially seal the M1A2 tank sale, Taiwan's defense ministry said Tuesday. <Accessed 2019-10-19>

Taiwan F-16 Fighter Jet Upgrades On Schedule, Despite Delays (2019-10-16)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan’s multimillion dollar programme to retrofit its 142-strong fleet of F-16 fighter jets to bring them up to Viper standard is expected to be completed within the next four years. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

National Security Official Calls for Deal with US on Combating Disinformation
(Taipei TImes/CNA) National Security Bureau Deputy Director-General Vincent Chen (陳文凡) on Tuesday called on the US to sign a memorandum of understanding with Taiwan as part of a joint effort to combat disinformation. Discussing China’s influence operations against Taiwan at a US conference, Chen said that Beijing has for years attempted to influence Taiwan’s major elections. <Accessed 2019-10-19>

Taiwan to Remain in American Visa Waiver Program: MOFA
(CNA, By Elaine Hou and Matthew Mazzetta) Taiwan has received confirmation that it will remain a part of the American visa waiver program (VWP), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) announced on Friday. <Accessed 2019-10-18>

U.S. Organizes Meeting to Help Taiwan Keep Its Allies (2019-10-19)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Frances Huang) The United States held a meeting on Thursday that brought together Taiwan's representative to the United States Stanley Kao (高碩泰), as well as several officials from the U.S. State Department and representatives from seven of Taipei's diplomatic allies, in an effort help Taiwan keep its rapidly disappearing allies in the Western Hemisphere. <Accessed 2019-10-19>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan Sends Presidential Envoy to Boost Czech Ties after Prague Moves to Scrap Sister City Agreement with Beijing (2019-10-15)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan has sent a presidential envoy to the Czech capital after the Prague city authorities moved to cut ties with their counterparts in Beijing over the one-China policy. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

Parliamentarians in EU Launch Formosa Club to Support Taiwan
(CNA, By Emerson Lim and Tang Pei-chun) A group composed of members of the European Parliament and three other national parliaments in Europe was established Wednesday to support Taiwan in the face of China's growing suppression, Taiwan's foreign ministry said Thursday. <Accessed 2019-10-19>

6 Allies Speak Up for Taiwan at Interpol General Assembly in Chile (2019-10-19)
(CNA, By Elaine Hou and Ko Lin) Six of Taiwan's diplomatic allies have spoken out in support of the country at the just concluded general assembly of the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) held in Chile, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) said Saturday. <Accessed 2019-10-19>
U.S.-China Relations
Hunter Biden to Leave Chinese Company Board, Addressing Appearance of a Conflict (2019-10-13)
(New York Times, By Katie Glueck) Hunter Biden, whose overseas business dealings have drawn relentless attacks from President Trump and posed a threat to the candidacy of his father, Joseph R. Biden Jr., intends to step down from the board of a Chinese company, BHR, by the end of the month, his lawyer said on Sunday, a move his father later lauded in a forceful defense of his son’s integrity. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

The End of Global Supply Chains as We Know Them? (2019-10-14)
(East Asia Forum, By Davin Chor) In other words, global supply chains aren’t just collateral damage in this tariff war. They are instead a prime target, with the current administration seemingly keen to reduce the US dependence on China as a trade and supply chain partner. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

Trade War Pauses Leaves Few Happy
(Foreign Policy, By Keith Johnson, James Palmer) U.S. President Donald Trump’s mini-deal with China to keep the trade war from spiraling further bucked up stock markets and will likely defer another tariff escalation—but it will also disappoint nearly everyone, including both U.S. businesses and consumers forced to pay billions more for imported goods and China hawks in his own administration who hoped to use U.S. leverage to force real changes to China’s economic model. <Accessed 2019-10-15>

The Pretend Trade Deal (2019-10-15)
(Foreign Policy, By Christopher Balding) The bigger problem is the United States and China agree on almost nothing. They do not agree on the problems, how to solve them, or even what the broad objectives should be. China does not accept the U.S. position that domestic subsidies and industrial policy are negotiable topics, while the United States does not accept the Chinese position that Huawei is a trade issue. <Accessed 2019-10-15>

Under New Rule, Chinese Diplomats Must Notify State Dept. of Meetings in U.S. (2019-10-16)
(New York Times, By Edward Wong) The United States has begun requiring Chinese diplomats to notify the State Department before any meetings they plan to have with local or state officials and with educational and research institutions, the State Department said Wednesday. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

China Detains 2 Americans Amid Growing Scrutiny of Foreigners (2019-10-17)
(New York Times, By Amy Qin) The authorities in southern China have detained two Americans who led an Idaho-based English-language teaching company, the latest sign of the Chinese government’s growing scrutiny of foreigners working and traveling in the country. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

China Pushes Back Against U.S. Rule Monitoring Diplomatic Visits (2019-10-17)
(Bloomberg, By Staff Writer) The U.S. State Department’s new requirement that China give official notice before its diplomats visit universities and research institutions or meet with local government officials violates the Vienna Convention governing relations between countries, according to the Chinese embassy in America. <Accessed 2019-10-19>

China Says It’s Working on Trade Agreement Text With U.S. (2019-10-17)
(Bloomberg, By Staff Writer) Chinese officials are working on the text of an agreement on trade in close contact with U.S. negotiators, and have begun discussions on the next stage, Ministry of Commerce spokesman Gao Feng said at a regular briefing in Beijing Thursday. <Accessed 2019-10-19>

Senior U.S. Diplomat Condemns Beijing's Bullying of Taiwan (2019-10-17)
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu and Chiang Yi-ching) The top U.S. diplomat for East Asia, David Stilwell, condemned Beijing's bullying of Taiwan Wednesday and pledged continued U.S. support for Taiwan's defense needs. <Accessed 2019-10-19>

US Diplomat David Stilwell Says Washington Must Shed Its Myths about China to Check Beijing’s Growing Influence (2019-10-18)
(South China Morning Post, By Mark Magnier) Rising competition between Beijing and Washington has largely focused on economics and defence, but the US must step up the battle of ideas and recognise past flaws in its own logic to help put relations with China on a more even footing, said David Stilwell, assistant secretary of state for the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

Trump's Devastating Silence on China's Human Rights Abuses (2019-10-19)
(The Diplomat, By Naz El-Khatib and Ashley Wood) Trump’s promise laid bare the reality that his brand of “toughness” has matters completely backward when it comes to China. Instead of championing universal human rights and countering authoritarianism, Trump has deprioritized human rights and lent credence to authoritarian rhetoric. This fundamental weakness in Trump’s approach is not just a moral failing, but a strategic one that erodes our most enduring competitive advantage: Our values. <Accessed 2019-10-19>

Xinjiang Backlash is Hitting Chinese Firms Hard (2019-10-19)
(Foreign Policy, By Charles Rollet) For years, U.S. tech companies exported advanced technology to this horrific system, but because of the blacklist such sales now require stringent U.S. Commerce Department licenses that operate under a “presumption of denial.” The measures were reinforced by the announcement of U.S. visa restrictions on unnamed government and Chinese Communist Party officials involved in the Xinjiang crackdown. <Accessed 2019-10-19>

Trade, Human Rights and the Unravelling of the China-US Relationship (2019-10-20)
(South China Morning Post, By Shi Jiangtao) But despite the progress on trade war negotiations, US-China relations are rapidly unravelling and entering an intense and dangerous period, with escalating disputes in relation to human rights concerns over Hong Kong and Muslims in Xinjiang. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

Google and Facebook Stay Away but Smaller US Firms Scout for Business at China’s World Internet Conference (2019-10-20)
(South China Morning Post, By Cissy Zhou) Many big technology names from the United States stayed away but some smaller American firms showed up for China’s main internet conference at the weekend, as the trade war between Beijing and Washington continues to expand into a technology conflict. <Accessed 2019-10-21>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

Ousted in Tiananmen Protests, a Late Chinese Leader Is Finally Given a Grave (2019-10-18)
(New York Times, By Chris Buckley) A century after his birth and nearly 15 years after his death, Zhao Ziyang, the reformist Chinese Communist Party leader who opposed the armed suppression of student protests in 1989, was given a quiet burial in Beijing on Friday under police guard. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

China's Economic Slowdown Deepens, Weighing on Global Growth (2019-10-19)
(The Diplomat, By Joe McDonald) China’s economic growth sank to a new multi-decade low in the latest quarter as a trade war with Washington deepened a slump that is weighing on the global economy. <Accessed 2019-10-19>

Beijing and Hong Kong

With No End to Unrest in Sight, Hong Kong’s Economic Pain Deepens (2019-10-13)
(New York Times, By Andrew Jacobs) With the city’s Beijing-backed leadership refusing to concede to the protesters’ demands for free elections and an independent investigation into allegations of police misconduct, an unmistakable sense of alarm is spreading among both small-business owners and corporate executives who see no way out of the impasse. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

Hong Kong Protesters Vow to Hit the Streets in Major 'Illegal' March (2019-10-18)
(Reuters, By Jessie Pang and Twinnie Siu) Hong Kong pro-democracy campaigners on Friday vowed to stage a major march at the weekend despite police ruling the rally illegal, setting the scene for possibly more unrest in the Chinese-ruled city, battered by months of violent protests. <Accessed 2019-10-18>

Lam Forced From HK legislature as Lawmakers Protest (2019-10-18)
(Taipei Times, By Staff Writer) Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam (林鄭月娥) yesterday was again forced from the Hong Kong Legislative Council because of protests by opposition members following a bloody attack on a leader of the protest movement. <Accessed 2019-10-18>

Can Beijing and Hong Kong Rejuvenate 'One Country, Two Systems'? (2019-10-19)
(The Diplomat, By Brian Wong) The problem with an excessively rigid understanding of 1C2S is that it offers no helpful answers as to how such de facto system convergences should be managed – if at all. Many Hong Kongers thus perceive these to be signs of the “1C” dominating over the “2S,” whereas the central government is induced by the promise of 1C2S to view such sociocultural tensions as merely expected transitory costs as the “2S” become subsumed under the “1C” flag. Neither interpretation does the complex reality justice. <Accessed 2019-10-19>

Hong Kong Protests in the Mainland Eye (2019-10-20)
(East Asia Forum, By Ben Hillman) Chinese media is the most reliable source for understanding leadership attitudes, CCP priorities and the framing of policy problems. But too little attention has been paid to Chinese media coverage of events in Hong Kong and its impact on public opinion on the mainland. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

China's Foreign Relations

The Leaders of the World's Two Biggest Countries Meet - and Come Away with Little Progress (2019-10-15)
(Foreign Policy, By Sumit Ganguly) In the coming years, India will not be able to deal with China on equal terms. However, if it can deftly handle the delicate issue of the Tibetan diaspora in India and simultaneously fashion a closer, predictable security partnership with the United States, it may not have to simply exchange pleasantries and satisfy itself with hesitant progress at a future summit. <Accessed 2019-10-15>

Why Huawei Isn't So Scary (2019-10-15)
(Foreign Policy, By Elsa B. Kania, Lindsey R. Sheppard) Although Huawei may assert that it has already taken an unbeatable lead in 5G infrastructure, judging who’s truly ahead in the field means looking at multiple criteria. Such indicators can include commercial contracts, deployed performance, integration with network infrastructure, and real technological innovation. <Accessed 2019-10-15>

China's Xi Visits Nepal, Elevating Ties to 'Strategic Partnership of Cooperation' (2019-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) China’s Xinhua state news agency underscored that the visit’s overarching purpose was the upgrading of the bilateral diplomatic relationship. China and Nepal agreed to regard their relationship as a “strategic partnership of cooperation.” <Accessed 2019-10-15>

Can the Chennai Connect Keep India-China Relations on Track? (2019-10-15)
(The Diplomat, By Vinay Kaura) Both leaders asserted that enhanced cooperation will reduce the trust deficit between them. But it is easier said than done. The two countries will need to move beyond just statements because there is a very little change in the language of the press statement from Wuhan. <Accessed 2019-10-15>

Germany’s Proposal on 5G Network Security Leaves Door Open for China’s Huawei, Sparking Criticism (2019-10-17)
(South China Morning Post, By Stuart Lau) A draft proposal on Germany’s new security requirements for 5G network suppliers that does not preclude the involvement of Chinese telecoms giant Huawei Technologies has drawn criticism from lawmakers and diplomats in Berlin and Washington. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

Japanese Official Tadashi Maeda Dismisses China’s Belt and Road Initiative as Just a ‘Political Show’ (2019-10-18)
(South China Morning Post, By Lee Jeong-ho) China’s multibillion-dollar infrastructure plan, the Belt and Road Initiative, is a “political show” that lacks real substance, the head of Japan’s international development agency said on Thursday, adding that Japan ultimately hopes to include Taiwan as a participant in its China-containment project. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

Perceiving China's Influence in the Pacific: The Case of Solomon Islands (2019-10-19)
(The Diplomat, By Denghua Zhang) While much of the debate is on the potential domino effect, a careful reading of the report produced by the Solomon Islands parliamentary bi-partisan task force, a key player appointed by Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare in June to review the country’s relations with China and Taiwan, and the statement by Sogavare on the switch, reveals a lot about local perceptions of China’s rise and changing geopolitics in the region. <Accessed 2019-10-19>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

China Calls for Peaceful Dialogue after Vietnam’s Leader Accuses It of Violating Its Sovereignty (2019-10-16)
(South China Morning Post, By Keegan Elmer and Catherine Wong) Beijing has called for peaceful dialogue to resolve disputes in the South China Sea after Vietnam stepped up its rhetorical attacks, accusing Beijing of violating its sovereignty. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

How Tighter Philippines-US Defence Ties Contradict Rodrigo Duterte’s Beijing-friendly Foreign Policy
(South China Morning Post, By Richard Heydarian) Since Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte came to power, he has overseen a remarkable improvement in the country’s bilateral diplomatic relations with China. And yet, the Philippine military, which still views China as a top security threat, has leveraged the chaos and rising tensions in the South China Sea as an opportunity to tighten defence ties with the United States. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

The Korean Peninsula

Why North Korea Walked Away from Negotiations in Sweden (2019-10-18)
(Brookings, By Jung H. Pak) Kim Jong Un’s unwillingness to commit to working-level talks and his diplomatic brinkmanship suggests that he has his sights on another summit with Trump. <Accessed 2019-10-21>

Other Regional Issues

Why Trade Wars are Inevitable
(Foreign Policy, By Michael Pettis) In this globalized system, rising income inequality is both the cause and a consequence of international trade competition. <Accessed 2019-10-19>

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Recent Publication Gerald Chan, China’s Maritime Silk Road: Advancing Global Development? (Edward Elgar Publishing)
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