::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-09-21 | NO.43(38) epaper |
Note to Readers
New Publication Dafydd Fell and Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao (eds.), Taiwan Studies Revisited, 1st Edition (Routledge)
New Publication David Scott, Taiwan’s Pivot to the Indo-Pacific (Asia-Pacific Review)
Cross-Strait Relations
How Would Beijing Assess Taiwan's election of 2020? (2019-08-11)
(UDN, By Su Chi) How would Beijing assess Taiwan's 2020 presidential election? First, whether and how the US intervenes is the key. Second, Beijing will assess whether the new situation is irreversible. Third is the electoral outcome's impact on the internal political situation in the mainland <Accessed 2019-09-17>

Money Diplomacy Contest Between Democracy, Authoritarianism: Envoy (2019-09-17)
(CNA, By Tang Pei-chun, Ku Chuan, Matt Yu, Elaine Hou, Shih Hsiu-chuan, and Joseph Yeh) China's ongoing money diplomacy to snatch away Taiwan's diplomatic allies is not merely a diplomatic competition between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait but also a competition between China's model of authoritarian government and Western-style democracy, according to Taiwan's top envoy to the European Union.<Accessed 2019-09-23>

Re-elect President Tsai Ing-wen in 2020 and Taiwan Will Lose All Its Allies, Beijing Warns (2019-09-17)
(South China Morning Post, By Sarah Zheng) Beijing has warned Taipei that it will lose all of its diplomatic allies if Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen is re-elected in 2020. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

Hong Kong Refuses to Renew Work Visa for Representative from Taiwan (2019-09-18)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Authorities in Hong Kong have refused to renew a work visa for a Taiwanese representative to the special administration region in another sign of the frosty relations across the Taiwan Strait. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

Taiwan Warns Against Travel to China, Hong Kong After Detention of Taiwanese Nationals  (2019-09-18)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Travel to China and Hong Kong is not safe for Taiwanese nationals regardless of political affiliation, the island’s ruling party warned recently amid fresh revelations in the cases of two Taiwanese nationals who went missing in China. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

Beijing’s Threats Push Taiwan Further Out of Reach (2019-09-20)
(East Asia Forum, By Joel Atkinson) Beijing’s threat to use force against Taiwan is credible and growing. And that is precisely why it is self-defeating. The greater the threat, the greater the steps Taipei, Washington and the region will take to resist it. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

In Taiwan, Hong Kongers Call for Attention (2019-09-20)
(The Diplomat, By James X. Morris) While another round of protests were unfolding in Hong Kong, protesters in Taipei were demonstrating to appeal to the Taiwanese, explain their demands in response to violent overreach, and express their desire to see a democratic and civil society in their home city. <Accessed 2019-09-23>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
DPP Lawmaker Lobbies for Taiwan to Join Pacific Military Exercises (2019-09-15)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Joseph Yeh) Taiwanese Legislator Wang Ting-yu met with U.S. congressmen to discuss the possible inclusion of Taiwan in the U.S.-led Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) military exercises. Wang cited recently passed pro-Taiwan laws in the United States as a basis for increasing bilateral exchanges in the future and Taiwan's inclusion in military exercises. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

U.S. Slams China for Undermining Cross-Strait Status Quo (2019-09-17)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) The United States reiterated its support for the status quo in the cross-Taiwan Strait relations Tuesday, including Taiwan's diplomatic ties, one day after the Solomon Islands decided to sever ties with Taipei. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

U.S. to Review Reasons for Solomon Islands’ Diplomatic Switch  (2019-09-18)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Joseph Yeh) The United States opposes China's destabilization of peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait and will look into the the reasons the Solomon Islands' decided Monday to change allegiance from Taipei to Beijing, a senior U.S. official told CNA Tuesday. <Accessed 2019-09-19>

US Cancels Solomon Islands Meeting after ‘Disappointment’ at It Switching Ties from Taipei to Beijing (2019-09-18)
(South China Morning Post, By Sarah Zheng) The planned meeting between US Vice-President Mike Pence and Solomon Islands Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare later this month has been cancelled after Washington said it was “disappointed” by the Pacific nation cutting diplomatic ties with Taipei to recognise Beijing. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

U.S. Arms Sales to Taiwan Justified, Declassified Regan Memo Reveals  (2019-09-18)
(CNA, By Elaine Hou and Elizabeth Hsu) A recently declassified White House document published by the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) provides evidence that American arms sales to Taiwan do not flout the terms of a joint communique issued by the United States and China in August 1982, despite Beijing's strong protest against such deals. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

U.S. Senators Urge Passage of Taiwan Diplomacy Bill  (2019-09-18)
(Taipei Times/CNA) Several US senators have called for the swift passage of a bill in the US Congress aimed at helping Taiwan keep its diplomatic allies, one day after Taiwan announced the severance of ties with the Solomon Islands. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

U.S. Vice President Confirms Cancellation of Solomons Meet (2019-09-19)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Joseph Yeh) The Office of U.S. Vice President Mike Pence confirmed to CNA Wednesday that he had canceled a plan to meet with Solomon Islands Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare after the latter decided to cut ties with Taiwan earlier this week. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

China's Lure of Taiwan's Allies 'Harmful' to Regional Stability: U.S. (2019-09-21)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Frances Huang) The U.S. State Department said Friday that China's move to lure Taiwan's allies to switch recognition from Taipei to Beijing has been "harmful" to regional stability. <Accessed 2019-09-23>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics

Former Vice President Annette Lu Enters Presidential Race (2019-09-17)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping, Wen Kuei-hisang, and Frances Huang) Former Vice President Annette Lu announced Tuesday that she will compete in the 2020 presidential election, and she formally registered her candidacy a few hours before the deadline for independent contenders. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

Eight Independent Hopefuls Register to Run for Presidency (2019-09-18)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan and Evelyn Kao) Eight prospective candidates have registered to run on independent tickets in the 2020 presidential election, the Central Election Commission (CEC) announced in a statement Wednesday. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

Gou Office Confirms no Presidential Bid (2019-09-19)
(Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon) Hon Hai Precision Industry Co founder Terry Gou’s office yesterday confirmed that the tycoon would not join next year’s presidential election, even if there are political parties willing to nominate him. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

Taiwan's Foreign Relations

DPP Lawmaker Lobbies for Taiwan to Join Pacific Military Exercises (2019-09-15)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and Joseph Yeh) Wang Ting-yu, convener of the Legislature's Foreign Affairs and National Defense Committee, said Saturday that the Unites States should invite Taiwan to participate in the upcoming multi-national military exercises in the Pacific, based on U.S. laws that have already been enacted. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

In Blow to Taiwan, Solomon Islands Is Said to Switch Relations to China
(New York Times, By Chris Horton) The Solomon Islands has reportedly decided to break diplomatic relations with the government of Taiwan in order to establish official ties with China, dealing a blow to both Taipei’s global standing and Washington’s regional diplomacy in the Pacific. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

Taiwan Breaks Diplomatic Ties with Solomon Islands (2019-09-16)
(CNA, By Christie Chen and Emerson Lim) Taiwan has cut diplomatic ties with the Solomon Islands as the South Pacific island-nation has decided to switch diplomatic recognition from Taipei to Beijing, Minister of Foreign Affairs Joseph Wu announced Monday. <Accessed 2019-09-17>

MOFA Urges Interpol to Allow Taiwan's Participation (2019-09-17)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) urged the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) to allow Taiwan's participation and thanked the United States congressmen who have expressed their support over the issue. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

Nicaragua Reiterates Continued Support for Taiwan (2019-09-17)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan and Ko Lin) Nicaragua's ambassador to Taiwan reiterated Tuesday his country's support for Taiwan, saying that Nicaragua will continue to work on strengthening bilateral relations. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

Taiwan to Seek Exchanges on Sidelines of ICAO Assembly: MOTC (2019-09-19)
(CNA, By Lee Hsin-Yin) Taiwan will send a team to Canada later this month to hold dialogue on the sidelines of the 40th Assembly of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) with the representatives of friendly countries and thank them for their support, although Taiwan has not been invited to attend, the transportation ministry said Thursday. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

Taiwan Cuts Diplomatic Ties with Kiribati (2019-09-20)
(CNA, By Christie Chen and Elaine Hou) Taiwan on Friday lost its second diplomatic ally in a week, after Foreign Minister Joseph Wu announced that the country was cutting diplomatic ties with Kiribati as the central Pacific nation has decided to switch allegiance to Beijing. <Accessed 2019-09-23>
U.S.-China Relations
The Risks and Rewards of Growing US-China Space Rivalry (2019-09-16)
(The Diplomat, By Nicholas Borroz) China and the U.S. are competing for extraterrestrial supremacy. The space rivalry between the U.S. and China presents risk as mutual destruction could be carried out through missiles launched from space. However, competition over space exploration also offers huge benefits to humanity. <Accessed 2019-09-16>

Chinese Science and the US–China Tech War (2019-09-18)
(East Asia Forum, By Richard P Suttmeier) But while pressures from the United States could inhibit progress in the short run, they could also further stimulate techno-nationalist efforts — reminiscent of the withdrawal of Soviet assistance in the early 1960s — to build more independent Chinese systems for research and innovation. Four characteristics of Chinese scientific development will condition its response to a technology war. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

U.S.-China Talks Resume, With Chinese Officials Set to Visit U.S. Farm Belt (2019-09-19)
(Bloomberg, By Sarah McGregor and Jenny Leonard) Trade negotiators from the U.S. and China resumed face-to-face talks in Washington, as the Trump administration said a Chinese delegation will visit American farmlands next week. <Accessed 2019-09-23>

Trump Calls China a ‘Threat to the World’ as Trade Talks Approach (2019-09-20)
(New York Times, By Alan Rappeport) President Trump said on Friday that China was a “threat to the world” and suggested Beijing was eager to make a trade deal because his tariffs were hurting the Chinese economy, coarsening his tone as the two countries prepared to resume negotiations. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

As Taiwan Loses Influence, China Gains Ground in Race With U.S. (2019-09-20)
(New York Times, By Steven Lee Myers and Chris Horton) Though small and sparsely populated, Kiribati and the other nation to switch sides, the Solomon Islands, lie in strategic waters that the United States and its allies have dominated since the end of World War II. Now they have become attractive targets for China’s rising geopolitical ambitions, economically and militarily, under the country’s leader, Xi Jinping. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

China Detains FedEx Pilot Amid Rising U.S.-China Tensions (2019-09-20)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher and Emily Flitter) The authorities in southern China have detained an American pilot who works for FedEx, the latest in a series of difficulties for American travelers and companies in China. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

US-China Relations Set for More of the Same under Donald Trump’s New Security Adviser (2019-09-21)
(South China Morning Post, By Ankit Panda) While Bolton’s departure is likely to lead to a noticeable change in the administration’s approach to negotiations with American adversaries – from Iran to North Korea to the Taliban – there is one area where it is unlikely to have any appreciable effect: China policy. <Accessed 2019-09-21>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

A Lockdown in Central Beijing (2019-09-16)
(The Diplomat, By Bonnie Girard) A huge swath of central Beijing would be shut down so that its military could rehearse the parade it is due to give on October 1, when the Chinese government will celebrate 70 years of Communist Party rule. <Accessed 2019-09-16>

A Crackdown on Islam Is Spreading Across China (2019-09-21)
(New York Times, By Steven Lee Myers) This campaign represents the newest front in the Chinese Communist Party’s sweeping rollback of individual religious freedoms, after decades of relative openness that allowed more moderate forms of Islam to blossom. The harsh crackdown on Muslims that began with the Uighurs in Xinjiang is spreading to more regions and more groups. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

Beijing and Hong Kong

From Tiananmen to Hong Kong: An Evolution of Protesting in China (2019-09-18)
(The Diplomat, By Travis Sanderson) Yang Jianli, a Chinese dissident and participant in the 1989 Tiananmen Student Movement, shared his insights on the question at the Human Rights Foundation's Oslo Freedom Forum in Taipei last week. Yang compared 1989 with what some have called Hong Kong's "Water Revolution" by nothing three main differences: experience of freedom, realism and technology. <Accessed 2019-09-18>

High Noon in Hong Kong (2019-09-20)
(The Diplomat, By Hugh Bohane) Unitl March, these streets were usually calm and peaceful. Now in tis 15th week of protests, Hong Kong continues to convulse and cry out, wracked with turmoil sparked by the failure of the Carrie Lam government to listen to all of the demands of her people. <Accessed 2019-09-20>

Clashes Erupt in Hong Kong After Dueling Demonstrations (2019-09-21)
(New York Times, By Mike Ives and Elaine Yu) Antigovernment protesters clashed with the police and threw gasoline bombs in Hong Kong on Saturday, a fresh sign that political tensions are running high in the Chinese territory ahead of a sensitive political anniversary. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

China's Foreign Relations

Why Isn't China Salami Slicing in Cyberspace? (2019-09-16)
(The Diplomat, By Tobias Burgers and Scott N. Romaniuk) A cyber salami-slicing campaign can be served by the physical domain salami-slicing performed in the past, serving as emboldening models, and would fit neatly in China's desires to increase its political clout in the region and beyond.  <Accessed 2019-09-16>

Kazakh President Tokayev Goes to Beijing (2019-09-16)
(The Diplomat, By Eleanor Albert) President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev of Kazakhstan was in Beijing this week for a two-day state visit. Tokayev and Chinese President Xi Jinping announced their intent to elevate bilateral ties to a permanent comprehensive strategic partnership. <Accessed 2019-09-16>

China-Thailand Military Ties in the Headlines with New Shipbuilding Pact (2019-09-16)
(The Diplomat, By Prashanth Parameswaran) Last week, China and Thailand signed a new shipbuilding pact. The agreement put the focus on ongoing efforts by the two countries to further boost the defense aspect of their wider bilateral relationship despite the issues they continue to face in doing so. <Accessed 2019-09-16>

Why China's Military Wants to Control These 2 Waterways in East Asia (2019-09-16)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) The two waterways are first and foremost seen as the PLA's most important outlets to the Pacific Ocean and consequently of pivotal importance for safeguarding Chinese economic interests abroad. The first island chain is also crucial to understanding the importance of the two water passages in the event of a military conflict in East Asia. <Accessed 2019-09-16>

China Sends Strategic Bombers, Tanks and 1,600 Troops to Russia for Large Military Drill (2019-09-18)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) has dispathed more than 1,600 troops, aircrafts, tanks and military support equipment to a large-scale Russian military exercise, dubbed Center-2019 (Tsentr-2019), held from September 16 to 21 in Western Russia and in a number of Central Asian countries including Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. <Accessed 2019-09-18>

The Chinese Communist Party Wants It All (2019-09-18)
(Foreign Policy, By Andreas Fulda) The CCP's sharp power approach should be considered an extension of its united front method, a vision of the political process as a zero-sum game and a worldview that distinguishes between friends and enemies. Since its founding in 1921, the CCP has invested considerable resources to isolate its perceived enemies and has lobbied waverers to support it. <Accessed 2019-09-18>

Germany Warns of 5G Attacks by ‘Nation States’ in Veiled Criticism of Beijing and Huawei (2019-09-20)
(South China Morning Post, By Stuart Lau) Germany, in what European diplomats on Thursday called veiled criticism of Beijing and Chinese telecoms giant Huawei Technologies, warned of cybersecurity attacks that could be launched by “nation states or nation state-backed actors” on future 5G networks within the European Union. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

Making Sense of 'Cyber-Restraint': The Australia-China Case (2019-09-20)
(The Diplomat, By Robert Farley) News emerged recently that Australian intelligence has concluded that the Chinese government was directly responsbily for a cyber-attack before last May's general election. Instead of calling China out, the Australian government determined to keep news of the attack quiet. For its part, China has denied the allegations. <Accessed 2019-09-20>

Hong Kong Democrat Martin Lee and Cardinal Joseph Zen Say Beijing Kept Tabs on Catholic Meeting in Portugal (2019-09-20)
(South China Morning Post, By Raquel Carvalho) According to Lee and Zen, their presence as well as these two topics attracted the attention of the Chinese embassy in Lisbon, and conference organisers were under pressure to cancel the pair’s invitations. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

China and US in New ‘Cold War’ that Is ‘More Difficult’ than Soviet-era, Says Former US Ambassador to China (2019-09-20)
(South China Morning Post, By Finbarr Bermingham and Wendy Wu) China and the United States are locked in a “kind of cold war” that is “more difficult” to resolve than the four decade stand-off between the US and Soviet Union, according to the former American Ambassador to Beijing, Max Baucus. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

Could Ties with Kiribati Be a Boost to China’s Space Ambitions? (2019-09-21)
(South China Morning Post, By Liu Zhen) The return of the Pacific island nation of Kiribati to Beijing’s diplomatic fold could give a lift to the Asian giant’s space ambitions. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

Growing Rivalry between China and US Plays Out in Military War Games (2019-09-21)
(South China Morning Post, By Liu Zhen) As the People’s Liberation Army focuses on countering the US, the Pentagon has increasingly used China – labelled by Washington as a strategic rival and military threat – as the adversary in its war games. <Accessed 2019-09-21>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

European Nations ‘Determined to Stay Relevant’ in Asia-Pacific, South China Sea (2019-09-15)
(South China Morning Post, By Lee Jeong-ho and Keegan Elmer) Major European nations are seeking to raise their profile in the Asia-Pacific, with freedom of navigation operations and concern about rising tensions in the South China Sea signalling their desire to remain relevant in the region, analysts say. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

South China Sea: US Navy Warship Conducts Freedom of Navigation Operation Near Paracel Islands
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) A U.S. Navy warship carried out a freedom of navigation operation near Paracel Islands, which are claimed by China and Vietnam in the South China Sea. China remarked that the U.S. warship entered its territorial waters without permission. <Accessed 2019-09-16>

China's New Transport Ship Not a Game Changer in South China Sea (2019-09-20)
(The Diplomat, By Steven Stashwick) News that China launched a new supply and transport vessel this summer for service in the South China Sea has prompted analysis that the ship will be used to fortify and strengthen China's militarized island bases. But, while the ship will likely provide some military logistics, it appears to be a primarily civilian vessel and lacks the capacity to sustain China's island bases in a conflict. <Accessed 2019-09-20>

The Korean Peninsula

North Korean Envoy Hails Bolton’s Ouster and Trump’s Talk of a New Approach (2019-09-20)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) North Korea’s new envoy to nuclear talks with the United States on Friday welcomed the ouster of President Trump’s former National Security Adviser, John R. Bolton, and the president’s suggestion that Washington would use a “new method” in negotiating with the North. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

Other Regional Issues

Where To Now for Japan–South Korea Relations? (2019-09-16)
(East Asia Forum, By the Editorial Board) How can we explain the timing of Japan and South Korea’s latest row? And how might the two countries de-escalate their current predicament? <Accessed 2019-09-21>

US and Australia Grow Apart on China, behind the Smiles and Handshakes
(South China Morning Post, By John Power) But behind the smiles and handshakes, analysts say the two leaders will have to confront a growing divide between the staunch allies – who share a commitment to collective security under a 1951 defence pact – on how to approach China’s increasingly assertive presence on the global stage. <Accessed 2019-9-21>

After a China-Vietnam Standoff, Expect a Turn to the US (2019-09-21)
(The Diplomat, By Christopher Sharman) Sino-Vietnam relations highlight what happens when Chinese coercion goes too far, and is an example of how the United States can capitalize these opportunities to build closer relationships with China's neighbors. <Accessed 2019-09-21>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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