::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-08-31 | NO.43(35) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
First Solo Travellers, Now Beijing Cuts Group Tours to Step Up Pressure on Taiwan (2019-08-27)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) At least 300,000 fewer mainland visitors are expected to visit Taiwan on group tours over the next few months as Beijing steps up pressure on the self-ruled island ahead of its presidential election in January. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

China to Stage More War Games Near Taiwan
(Asia Times, By KG Chan)
China’s People’s Liberation Army will hold third live-fire military drill north of Taiwan in the East China Sea for the rest of the week. This move is thought to be in response to the United States’ approval of the multibillion dollar sale of 66 F-16 fighter jets to Taiwan, which China spoke out against repeatedly. <Accessed 2019-08-28>

Taiwan Will Not Intentionally Provoke China: Tsai  (2019-08-28)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping and Chung Yu-chen)
President Tsai Ing-wen addressed the 101st American Legion’s annual national convention in Indiana via pre-recorded video Wednesday. She spoke on the threat posed to Taiwan by China but said that Taiwan will not intentionally provoke or pursue conflict with China, saying that Taiwan’s recent arms purchase and military buildup is not intended as an act of aggression but rather a defense mechanism. <Accessed 2019-08-28>

Taiwan Asks China's Help to Find Missing Taiwanese in Hong Kong (2019-08-29)
(CNA, By Shen Peng-ta, Kuo Chih-hsuan, and Joseph Yeh) Taiwan on Thursday urged Chinese and Hong Kong authorities to help find Lee Meng-chu, a Taiwanese citizen. Lee reportedly went missing in Hong Kong last week after he was scheduled to travel to Shenzhen, China. Lee had previously expressed support of the anti-extradition bill protests in Hong Kong on social media. <Accessed 2019-08-31>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
 Taiwan Welcomes Supportive Resolution by Democratic National Committee (2019-08-26)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan and Evelyn Kao)
The U.S. Democratic National Committee recently passed a resolution in support of Taiwan’s meaningful participation in international organizations in commemoration of forty years of the Taiwan Relations Act. Taiwan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs thanked the DNC on Monday, saying that the resolution showed the Democratic Party’s commitment to U.S.-Taiwan relations. The MOFA also acknowledged the support for Taiwan shown by both the U.S. Congress and Republican Party this summer, saying Taiwan would continue to work closely with both U.S. parties. <Accessed 2019-08-27>

Taiwan to Send Agricultural Delegation to Mississippi Next Month (2019-08-27)
(CNA, By Wen Kuei-hsiang and Joseph Yeh) A trade delegation led by Mississippi Governor Phil Bryant is visiting Taiwan from Monday to Wednesday to promote bilateral exchanges between Taiwan and the U.S. state of Mississippi. According to President Tsai Ing-wen, Taiwan will send an agricultural delegation to Mississippi next month to further bolster relations. Taiwan and Mississippi established sister-state relations in 1983. <Accessed 2019-08-28>

MOFA Thanks Ex-U.S. Ambassador for Expressing Support for Taiwan (2019-08-29)
(CNA, By Matt Yu and Evelyn Kao) Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) thanked former United States' Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley for a statement in a recently published news article. Haley discussed the potential military dangers to Taiwan presented by China following increased unrest in Hong Kong. MOFA called the article a "strong and powerful show of support for Taiwan." <Accessed 2019-08-31>

US Warplane Flies along Dividing Line between Mainland China and Taiwan (2019-08-29)
(South China Morning Post, By Liu Zhen) A US warplane on Thursday flew along the line dividing the Taiwan Strait between mainland China and Taiwan, according to the island’s defence ministry. <Accessed 2019-09-02>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics

Terry Guo May Run for Taiwan's President. What Does His Foxconn Record Tell Us? (2019-08-31)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Taiwan's Foxconn founder Terry Guo is considering running as an independent in Taiwan's 2020 presidential election. It has been said that Gou considers U.S. President Donald Trump as a political role model. <Accessed 2019-08-31>

Taiwan's Foreign Relations

Taiwan, Sweden to Boost Tech Cooperation: Minister (2019-08-29)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) Taiwan and Sweden are set to increase collaboration on information, communication, space, and artificial intelligence technologies following the signing of a memorandum of understanding. A Taiwanese delegation led by Minister of Science and Technology Chen Liang-gee is visiting Sweden, Belgium, and Netherlands on a week-long trip. On Tuesday, the science and education ministers of Taiwan and Sweden had their first-ever meeting. <Accessed 2019-08-31>

Taiwan Relaxes Visa-Free Treatment Evaluation to Every 3 Years (2019-08-31)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) stated Sunday that the currently annual evaluation of the visa-free tourism program for Thailand, Brunei, the Philippines, and Russia will be extended to every three years. Currently, Taiwan reevaluates the visa-free privileges for the four nations on a yearly basis. MOFA additionally stated that it plans to simplify the visa application process for Indonesia and Vietnam. <Accessed 2019-09-01>
U.S.-China Relations
PacNet #49 - Getting Great Power Competition Right (2019-08-28)
(Pacific Forum, By Brad Glosserman) For some (the author among them), this struggle increasingly resembles the Cold War, although the analogy is not exact. Accepting that this is a new and expanding era of competition does not mean that this simple characterization is complete: calling it a competition and a determination to compete vigorously across many dimensions is not enough. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

China Denies U.S. Navy Port of Call Request at Qingdao
(Taiwan News, By Duncan DeAeth)
A United States military official told Reuters yesterday that China denied a request for aa U.S. Navy destroyer to dock in Qingdao. This is the second time in two weeks China has denied a U.S. Navy port call in a Chinese city, in addition to cancelling U.S. Navy port calls in Hong Kong in mid-August. <Accessed 2019-08-28>

Pentagon Seeks to Counter China's Drone Edge (2019-08-29)
(Foreign Policy, By Lara Seligman) In light of increasing security concerns about Chinese tech companies providing sensitive data to China, the Pentagon has decided to ban the use of drones built by China's DJI and possibly impose a ban on all Chinese-built drones and Chinese manufactured components from military use. <Accessed 2019-08-29>

Donald Trump's 'Conditional Engagement' of China Is Not New, Nor Will It Change when He's Gone (2019-08-30)
(South China Morning Post, By Kristian McGuire) President Donald Trump’s penchant for using linkages to try to influence China’s behavior is remarkably consistent with a US strategy towards China put forward by former senior US defense and intelligence official James Shinn in the mid-1990s, called “conditional engagement”. <Accessed 2019-09-01>

Will Trump Break the Yuan? (2019-08-30)
(Foreign Policy, By Salvatore Babones) While the trade war between the U.S. and China appears to have reached an impasse, the currency war between both countries has just started. However, China would not be able to survive a currency meltdown. The Chinese corporate sector is already facing a serious cash crunch. <Accessed 2019-08-30>

China Expels Wall Street Journal Reporter After Article on Xi’s Cousin (2019-08-30)
(New York Times, By Sui-Lee Wee) China has effectively expelled a reporter working for The Wall Street Journal after he wrote an article about an investigation in Australia involving a cousin of China’s top leader, Xi Jinping, in the latest sign of a government clampdown on media freedom. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

South China Sea: Pentagon Slams China's 'Bullying' Behavior Against Vietnam (2019-08-31)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) In response to the U.S. Department of Defense describing China's activities in Vietnam's exclusive economic zone as "bullying", China intensified its activities by approaching the Vietnamese coastline. The U.S. State Department further remarked that China's efforts to assert its maritime claims in South China Sea pose a threat to the peace and security of the region. <Accessed 2019-08-31>

China's Cross-Border Campaign to Terrorize Uyghur Americans (2019-08-31)
(The Diplomat, By Omer Kanat) The Uyghur Human Rights Project (UHRP) reported that the Chinese government routinely conducts surveillance, threats and coercion to control Uyghurs living in America. To protect Uyghur Americans from China's coercion, the U.S. Congress can pass the Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act of 2019 and the UIGHUR Act of 2019. <Accessed 2019-08-31>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

Xinjiang's Voiceless Protests hit Social Media (2019-08-25)
(Foreign Policy, By Amy Mackinnon) Dozens of videos of Uyghurs posting with photos of their relatives who have disappeared have surfaced on Douyin and TikTok. These videos suggest that they originated from Xinjiang and they represent the first act of resistance to the internment camps in China to make it to the outside world. <Accessed 2019-08-25>

In Landmark Ceremony, a Catholic Bishop Is Installed in China (2019-08-28)
(New York Times, By Ian Johnson) A 54-year-old priest who studied in the United States was installed this week as a bishop in China, the first to take office after a landmark deal signed last year between the Vatican and Beijing. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

China’s Communist Party Elite to Meet in October after a Year’s Delay (2019-08-30)
(South China Morning Post, By Orange Wang) A long-awaited gathering of China’s ruling elite will finally take place in October, state media reported on Friday, after almost a year of delay amid a prolonged trade war with the United States and unprecedented civil unrest in Hong Kong. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

Confronting China's Suppression of Religion (2019-08-30)
(The Diplomat, By Farahnaz Ispahani) As China increases its suppression on religious freedom, Taiwan boosts its support for democratic freedoms and religion. The Taipei Declaration on Religious Freedom recognizes everyone's "right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion". <Accessed 2019-08-30>

China is Sending Keyboard Warriors Over the Firewall (2019-08-31)
(Foreign Policy, By Lauren Teixeira) Young Chinese are using online forums to defend China. Chinese pop idols are also seen posting nationalistic rhetoric on social media as it is imperative for celebrities wishing to continue doing business in China to express their patriotic sentiments. <Accessed 2019-08-31>

What Recent Promotions Tells Us About the 'New Normal' in China's Military (2019-08-31)
(The Diplomat, By Ying Yu Lin) A list of People's Liberation Army (PLA) general and flag offices (GFOs) who are being promoted to higher ranks is publicly announced every July. The recent promotions demonstrate China's military reform and anti-corruption efforts. <Accessed 2019-08-31>

Beijing and Hong Kong

Hong Kong: The Anatomy of a Protest (2019-08-27)
(The Diplomat, By Bonnie Girard) The protest march on Saturday started off peacefully but ended in tear gas and petrol bombs. China has claimed that "foreign forces" were behind the demonstrations. However, it was the courage, convictions and dignity of Hong Kongers that drove the Saturday's demonstration. <Accessed 2019-08-27>

'Purely Internal Affairs': China Slams G7 Statement on Hong Kong (2019-08-27)
(Al Jazeera, By Staff Writer) On Monday, G7 leaders issued a joint statement supporting Hong Kong's autonomy as defined in the 1984 UK-China agreement following weeks of continuous protest. China has expressed its disapproval of the statement, calling Hong Kong's unrest a purely internal issue. In a statement, China asserted that no "foreign government, organization, or individual" has the right to intervene in Hong Kong. <Accessed 2019-08-27>

Chinese Military Sends New Troops Into Hong Kong (2019-08-28)
(New York Times, By Austin Ramzy) The Chinese military began sending a new group of troops into Hong Kong on Thursday, a move it described as a normal annual rotation of its garrison in the city, but one that was being closely watched because of the local political turmoil. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

Beijing’s Hong Kong Strategy: More Arrests, No Concessions (2019-08-30)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher) The arrests on Friday of prominent democracy lawmakers and activists in Hong Kong reflect a tactical escalation by China’s leaders to curb the recent street violence, but which could prolong the protests for many months. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

The Root Cause of Hong Kong's Woes (Hint: It's Not China) (2019-08-30)
(The Diplomat, By Chandran Nair) Despite the global media portrays the protests in Hong Kong as a fight between Hong Kongers and China, the root cause of Hong Kong's distress is their distrust toward the Hong Kong government. Hong Kong needs a strong government that can defend their interests and rights, including reforms pertaining to affordable housing and other social ills. <Accessed 2019-08-30>

China Rotates New Troops Into Hong Kong Amid Mass Protests (2019-08-30)
(The Diplomat, By Ken Moritsugu and Yanan Wang) Chinese Defense Ministry spokesperson Ren Guoqiang announced that the newly garrison troops deployed to Hong Kong is a routine annual rotation. According to Xinhua News Agency, the recently deployed Chinese troops have vowed to defend the nation's sovereignty. <Accessed 2019-08-30>

Angry Nationalists Don't Sell China's Message (2019-08-31)
(Foreign Policy, By Chiu-Ti Jansen) Chinese students' counterprotests against pro-Hong Kong rallies abroad have been praised by Geng Shuang, a spokesman for the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Chinese government's strict control of the Internet has also made the Chinese youth more nationalist. <Accessed 2019-08-31>

Hong Kong's Summer of Unrest (2019-08-31)
(The Diplomat, By Jessie Lau) An anti-extradition protest which started out peacefully transformed into a violent, anti-government and anti-police movement. Protesters have been deadlocked with Hong Kong's leader Carrie Lam. The Hong Kong protests symbolize the most significant social movement in the history of Hong Kong and the greatest challenge to China's rule. <Accessed 2019-08-31>

The Path to Reconciliation in Hong Kong (2019-08-31)
(The Diplomat, By Brian Wong) While Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam has called for a dialogue platform to resolve the tension in Hong Kong, the public is skeptical toward Lam's willingness to have open communication or agree to the protesters' five demands. The Great National Debate in France could potentially provide a way out for Hong Kong. <Accessed 2019-08-31>

High-Profile Arrests, Protest Ban Mark New Phase in Attempt to Quell Hong Kong Protests (2019-08-31)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) Hong Kong authorities increased their efforts to clamp down on the protests and pro-democracy leaders. However, Hong Kong activists predict that the Hong Kong government's hardline stance to end the movement could push more Hong Kongers to join the movement. <Accessed 2019-08-31>

Hong Kong Protesters Plan to Disrupt Airport After Night of Chaos (2019-08-31)
(Reuters, By Farah Master and Joe Brock) Clashes erupted during Hong Kong protests on Saturday night as police fired tear gas and water cannons, and demonstrators threw petrol bombs. Protest organizers urged protesters to block and overwhelm transport connections to the airport on Sunday and Monday. The Saturday protests mark the fifth year since the government's decision to not implement universal suffrage in Hong Kong. <Accessed 2019-09-01>

China's Foreign Relations

How Misconceptions Brought China-West Relations to the Breaking Point (2019-08-25)
(The Diplomat, By Frank N. Pieke) Misunderstandings between China and the West have driven a wedge between them and are hurting their relations. The West mainly sees China as a totalitarian regime with a centralized system but in reality it is highly fragmented. China, on the other hand, thought that the West would be able to accept a bigger Chinese role on the international stage. <Accessed 2019-08-25>

Australian Writer Yang Hengjun Charged With Espionage in China (2019-08-26)
(New York Times, By Damien Cave) Yang Hengjun, a well-known Australian writer and democracy activist detained by the Chinese authorities in January, has been formally charged with spying, Australian officials said Tuesday, intensifying tensions over Beijing’s treatment of its critics. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

China’s Social Credit System ‘Could Be Used against Companies in International Trade Disputes’ (2019-08-28)
(South China Morning Post, By Wendy Wu and Amanda Lee) A report from the EU Chamber of Commerce in China published on Wednesday warned that data collected under the system could be used to compile a blacklist of companies, with one contributor to the research adding that companies should not “be naive” about its possible uses. <Accessed 2019-09-02>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

Vietnam Seeks Australia's Support on the South China Sea (2019-08-25)
(The Diplomat, By Du Nhat Dang) Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison's visit to Vietnam demonstrates the importance of Vietnam in Australia's strategy in the South China Sea. Australia and Vietnam have to face China's influence in the South China Sea and both share the same challenge regarding China's coercion. <Accessed 2019-08-25>

China Warns U.S. Warship Sailing Through South China Sea
(Bloomberg, By Iain Marlow and Sheryl Tian Tong Lee) China demanded that the United States stop its "provocative" naval operations in the South China Sea and withdraw a U.S. warship sailing near disputed islands. China closely monitored the vessel before warning the American ship that it was violating the nation's sovereignty. Naval tensions between the United States and China have escalated in recent weeks with China having denied American warships port visits to Hong Kong. <Accessed 2019-08-31>

Duterte's Game in Beijing (2019-08-29)
(CSIS, By Richard Javad Heydarian) Instead of signaling a newfound willingness to stand up to Beijing, Duterte’s invocation of the arbitration award is likely a cynical tactic adopted only to protect his agenda of rapprochement and lock the Philippines into long-term resource-sharing deals with China, contrary to both the Philippine constitution and international law. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

South China Sea Tops Agenda as Philippines' Duterte Arrives in China (2019-08-30)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte will meet Chinese President Xi JinpIng in Beijing. Duterte will discuss the 2016 international arbitration ruling on the South China Sea with Xi. Xi, on the other hand, urged for China and the Philippines to push forward on a Code of Conduct in establishing rules and order in the South China Sea. <Accessed 2019-08-30>

Xi Jinping Tells Rodrigo Duterte to ‘Put Aside’ South China Sea Dispute and Focus on Oil and Gas Deal (2019-08-30)
(South China Morning Post, By Catherine Wong) Chinese President Xi Jinping has urged his Philippine counterpart Rodrigo Duterte to “put aside” the maritime dispute between the two countries and instead focus on pushing forward a deal to jointly explore oil and gas in the South China Sea. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

South Korean Lawmakers Visit Disputed Islets Claimed by Japan (2019-08-31)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) Six South Korean lawmakers on Saturday visited a group of islets at the center of a territorial dispute with Japan, a symbolic gesture of defiance as the two nations are locked in a bitter diplomatic and trade dispute. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

The Korean Peninsula

Taiwan Vows to Join Int'l Efforts to Sanction NKorea Oil Transports (2019-08-31)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) The U.S. Treasury has included on its sanctions list multiple Taiwanese individuals for allegedly being involved in trading petroleum products with North Korea. In response, Taiwan pledged to investigate those Taiwanese citizens and businesses reportedly circumventing international sanctions on North Korea. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that Taiwan will continue to work to implement United Nations resolutions. <Accessed 2019-09-01>

Other Regional Issues

South Korea Launches Military Exercise for Islets Also Claimed by Japan (2019-08-25)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) South Korea on Sunday kicked off its biannual military exercises aimed at demonstrating control over a set of islets that are the source of a territorial dispute with Japan, a move that was likely to heighten tensions between Washington’s two key Asian allies. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

New US Military Bases in Asia-Pacific ‘Likely to Be Temporary’ for Troop Flexibility (2019-08-30)
(South China Morning Post, By Lee Jeong-ho and Teddy Ng) Any new US military bases in the Asia-Pacific region are likely to be “temporary” to maximise troop flexibility and in line with the Pentagon’s agreement with Manila, according to a former special assistant to the US Indo-Pacific Command chief. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

Embattled at Home, South Korea’s Leader Turns on Japan, Stoking Old Hostilities
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) With his presidency struggling, Mr. Moon is moving to rally his supporters by tapping into hostility toward Japan, refusing to back down in the trade fight and deploying the country’s military to assert its territorial claims, analysts say. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

Middle Power, Joining Together: The Case of Vietnam and Australia
(The Diplomat, By Le Dinh Tinh and Hoang Long) Vietnam and Australia are boosting a Strategic Partnership. Bilateral ties between the two nations have improved in areas such as trade, education, science and technology and people-to-people exchange. Vietnam sees Australia as a partner for shared prosperity and a reliable partner to diversity its relations. <Accessed 2019-08-31>

Surprising Momentum but Meagre Outcomes from the G7 (2019-08-31)
(East Asia Forum, By Yves Tiberghien) In sum, thanks to the deployment of extraordinary and creative leadership by host Emmanuel Macron and positive participation by Trump, the G7 concluded with good energy and hopeful momentum. Yet it could not yield any robust institutional or normative outcome in support of an increasingly frayed global and Asian order. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

Bretton Woods and the China Challenge (2019-08-31)
(East Asia Forum, By Priyanka Pandit) The IMF being vital to advancing Washington’s interests, it is highly unlikely that the United States will give up its veto power in the organisation. The choice lies with other major countries and hinges on whether they are willing to come together with China to revive Bretton Woods, to make it more representative and to do so by placing pressure on Washington to re-distribute quota shares and voting rights. <Accessed 2019-09-02>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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