::: TSR Weekly Report
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2019-07-20 | NO.43(29) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
MND Downplays Recent PLA Drills Near Taiwan (2019-07-15)
(Taipei Times/CNA) The Taiwanese Ministry of National Defense (MND) has stated that the Chinese People's Liberation Army's (PLA) recent military exercises near Taiwan were part of the PLA's routine annual drills and were unconnected with the Taiwan-United States arms sale. The Chinese Ministry of National Defense released a similar statement, clarifying that the exercises were in accordance with the PLA's annual plans. <Accessed 2019-07-16>

Hong Kong's Crisis Does Not Extend to Taiwan (2019-07-17)
(The National Interest, By Dennis V. Hickey) In sum, London and Beijing foisted the “one country, two systems” reunification formula on Hong Kong’s people without their input, consent or approval. This was because Hong Kong was a colony—an anachronism left over from the nineteenth century. This will never be allowed to happen in Taiwan—a thriving democratic state. <Accessed 2019-07-17>

Growing Number of Taiwanese Willing to Go to War Against China: Poll (2019-07-19)
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu) A poll conducted by National Chengchi University found that 57.4 percent of respondents would be willing to go to war with China if China launched an attack following a declaration of Taiwanese independence. According to the poll, 68.2 percent are also willing to fight China if the mainland attempted to forcibly annex Taiwan. Both percentages have increased since similar surveys were conducted last year. <Accessed 2019-07-20>

Hong Kong Protesters Who Stormed Legco Seek Asylum in Taiwan: Report (2019-07-19)
(Bloomberg, By Iain Marlow and Adela Lin) According to a Taiwanese newspaper, protesters involved in the break-in at Hong Kong's Legislative Council (LegCo) building on July 1 are now seeking asylum in Taiwan. An official from the Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) has stated that the council has yet to receive formal asylum applications but will approach the issue according to existing law. Roughly thirty protesters have already flown to Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-07-20>

Taiwan Struggling to Deal with Influx of Hong Kong Protesters Seeking Refuge (2019-07-20)
(South China Morning Post, By Mimi Lau) Taiwan is struggling to handle the sudden arrival of dozens of extradition bill protesters from Hong Kong who want to seek refuge on the self-ruled island. Although members of Taiwanese civil society have already offered safe houses for the new arrivals, their status remains unclear since the protesters have not yet been charged with criminal offences in Hong Kong and verifying their claims to have taken part in the mass protests will be tricky. <Accessed 2019-07-22>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
 High-Level U.S. Treasury Official to Visit Taiwan (2019-07-17)
(CNA, By Emerson Lim) Mitchell Silk, acting assistant secretary for international markets in the U.S. Treasury Department, will arrive in Taiwan Wednesday on a trip intended to develop US-Taiwan cooperation on energy and infrastructure. Silk will be meeting with various Taiwanese and American groups and officials in Taiwan to discuss the development of Taiwanese and regional energy and infrastructure markets. Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) welcomed Silk's visit. <Accessed 2019-07-18>

President Tsai Ing-wen’s High-profile US Visits Keep Taiwan in Spotlight and Send Message to Beijing (2019-07-20)
(South China Morning Post, By Mark Magnier and John Power) As Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen wraps up a 12-day visit to the island’s dwindling number of Caribbean allies, her “layovers” in New York last week and Colorado through Saturday represent some of Taiwan’s highest-profile stopovers in memory. Over a span of four nights in the US, she has met with ambassadors, senators, administration officials, delivered speeches and faced down pro-Beijing protesters – all on the heels of US approval for a US$2 billion arms deal with the island. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

Taiwan President to Stop in Denver as US-Taiwan Ties Strengthen (2019-07-20)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen will be making her stop in Denver after spending two days in New York last week. During her speech at Columbia University in New York, Tsai likened Taiwan's path to democratization with that of the United States'. Tsai hopes that her efforts to strengthen U.S.-Taiwan relations would benefit her in Taiwan's 2020 presidential election. <Accessed 2019-07-20>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan President Lauds Friendship with Haiti on State Visit (2019-07-14)
(CNA, By Wen Kuei-hsiang and Elizabeth Hsu)
President Tsai Ing-wen spoke at the opening ceremony of a Taiwan trade fair jointly hosted by Taiwan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Taiwan External Trade Development Council in Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince. Tsai spoke about Haiti’s friendship and the two’s joint economic projects, such as the planned project to upgrade Haiti’s electric grid, which has yet to be approved by Haiti’s parliament. <Accessed 2019-07-16>

Taiwan Willing to Expand Cooperation with Kiribati: Su Jia-chyuan (2019-07-14)
(CNA, By Chen Chun-hu and Emerson Lin)
After visiting Kiribati last week, Legislative Speaker Su Jia-chyuan said via Facebook Sunday that Taiwan would be happy to expand cooperation with Kiribati. He said that Taiwan would specifically be willing to expand cooperation with its diplomatic ally in the area of fishery. He also congratulated Kiribati on its fortieth anniversary of independence. <Accessed 2019-07-16> 

Han Kuo-yu Wins KMT Primary for 2020 Presidential Race (Update)
 (2019-07-15)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) Kaohsiung Mayor Han Kuo-yu will be the Chinese Nationalist Party's (KMT) candidate in the 2020 Taiwanese presidential elections. The candidate was selected based upon popularity polling as well as polling on their chances of winning in a hypothetical three-way race between President Tsai and independent Ko Wen-je. The KMT will formally declare Han as the party candidate at the party congress on July 28. <Accessed 2019-07-16>

Populist Mayor Is Picked to Run Against Taiwan’s President (2019-07-15)
(New York Times, By Chris Horton) A populist mayor in Taiwan who favors closer ties with China won the opposition party’s nomination to run against President Tsai Ing-wen, who has been sharply critical of Beijing’s attempts to pressure the island into unification. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

MOFA Lauds Czech Republic’s Protection of 8 Taiwanese Wanted by China  (2019-07-16)
(CNA, By Lin Yu-li and Emerson Lim)
Last week, the Czech Republic decided to offer subsidiary protection to the eight Taiwanese fraud suspects detained in Prague, despite Beijing’s request that they be extradited to China for trial. Taiwan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs praised the Czech government’s decision, saying that it showed its morality and commitment to human rights. <Accessed 2019-07-16>

Tsai Decorated by St. Kitts Government, Touts Strong Bilateral Ties  (2019-07-16)
(CNA, By Wen Kuei-Hsiang and Joseph Yeh)
While visiting St. Kitts and Nevis on Monday, President Tsai Ing-wen received the Order of St. Christopher medal of honor in recognition of her efforts to advance St. Kitts’ and Taiwan’s bilateral ties. She praised St. Kitts’ development and looked back to St. Kitts’ gaining of its independence in 1983 and how Taiwan was its first ally. <Accessed 2019-07-16>

Tsai Arrives in St. Lucia, Last Stop on Caribbean Tour (2019-07-17)
(CNA, By Wen Kuei-hsiang and Joseph Yeh) President Tsai Ing-wen has arrived in St. Lucia, the last Caribbean ally that Tsai will visit during her overseas trip. During her stay, Tsai will address the St. Lucian parliament as well as engage in a number of events with top St. Lucian officials. On Friday, Tsai will be flying to Denver, Colorado, for a visit before returning to Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-07-18>
U.S.-China Relations
China’s Economic Growth Hits 27-Year Low as Trade War Stings (2019-07-14)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher) China’s growth fell to its slowest pace in nearly three decades, officials disclosed on Monday, as a resurgence of trade tensions with the United States and lingering financial problems take an increasing toll on one of the world’s most vital economic engines. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

PacNet #39 – Taiwan Arms Sales: Chinese Sanctions on US Firms (2019-07-15)
(Pacific Forum, By Yun Sun) China’s frustration with and resentment of US arms sales to Taiwan is real. But its ability to change the US calculus is extremely limited – and that is especially true when bilateral relations are already strained by great power competition on the strategic level and a trade war in the near term. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

China Says Will Freeze Out U.S. Companies that Sell Arms to Taiwan
 (2019-07-15)
(Reuters, By Ben Blanchard) China's Foreign Ministry announced on Monday that the Chinese government and Chinese companies will sever business ties with American firms selling arms to Taiwan. According to Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang, the arms sales amounted to a violation of international law and threatened China's sovereignty and national security. <Accessed 2019-07-15>

Chinese Admiral: Solve South China Sea Dispute by Sinking Navy Aircraft Carriers (2019-07-16)
(The National Interest, By Dario Leone) Rear Admiral Lou Yuan, deputy head of the Chinese Academy of Military Sciences, during a speech to an audience in Shenzhen, remarked that by sinking two U.S. Navy aircraft carriers, the ongoing disputes over the ownership of the East and South China Seas could be resolved. Lou identified "five cornerstones of the U.S." that China could take advantage of. <Accessed 2019-07-16>

The Socrates Project: The Key to Countering China? (2019-07-16)
(The Diplomat, By Bonnie Girard) In light of China's continued rise, power and influence in the international arena, the United States could consider reviving the Socrates Project. The Socrates Project uses the power of technology planning tools instead of economic and financial planning models to sustain America's competitiveness. <Accessed 2019-07-16>

U.S. Urges China to Stop Imposing Political Views on U.S. Companies  (2019-07-16)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-yeh and intern Ching Yi Huang)
Following China’s threats to impose sanctions on American companies selling weapons to Taiwan, the U.S. State Department responded discouraging Beijing from “imposing its political views on the U.S. and foreign companies”. A State Department spokesperson also reiterated that the U.S.’ policy regarding arms sales to Taiwan remains unchanged and is aimed at promoting regional stability and peace. <Accessed 2019-07-16>

Pelosi: US Risks Losing Moral Authority with Silence on Xinjiang (2019-07-17)
(The Diplomat, By Catherine Putz) Speaker of the House of Representative Nancy Pelosi remarked that the U.S. will lose all moral authority to speak up anywhere in the world, if it is not willing to speak out against the violations of religious freedom against the Uyghurs in China. The US has been careful in its criticisms of China, particularly in criticizing China's practices in Xinjiang which could result in an obstruction to a possible trade deal between the two nations. <Accessed 2019-07-18>

How Serious is China's Threat to Sanction US Companies over Taiwan Arms Sales? (2019-07-18)
(The Diplomat, By Robert Farley) In light of American companies' arms sales to Taiwan, China has retaliated by threatening to sanction American firms that produce the arms, namely General Dynamics, Oshkosh and Raytheon. Meanwhile, many U.S. firms are not willing to participate in U.S. President Donald Trump's trade war with China and the fear of Chinese retaliation might have affected U.S. partners to yield in the face of U.S. pressure. <Accessed 2019-07-18>

What did the US Give Up to Restart Trade Talks with China? (2019-07-18)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) In resuming trade talks with China, the United States did more than relaxing the U.S. ban on Chinese telecom firm Huawei. The U.S. was relatively vague about the recent protests in Hong Kong against the controversial extradition bill and was silent on China's practices in Xinjiang. Washington's approach seems to reinforce the idea that values-based diplomacy is a pretense to gain other national interests. <Accessed 2019-07-18>

Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesman Lu Kang to Take Over US and Canada Affairs Office (2019-07-18)
(South China Morning Post, By Zhenhua Lu) A senior Chinese foreign ministry spokesman has been tipped by diplomatic sources to take over as head of policy towards the US and Canada as part of a generational reshuffling of officials. The sources said Lu Kang, the director of the ministry’s information department, was expected to succeed Cong Peiwu, the current head of North America and Oceania affairs, “very soon”. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

The Abyss is Opening Under China-U.S. Relations (2019-07-19)
(Foreign Policy, By Scott Moore) Despite the U.S. and China agreeing to a truce in the ongoing trade war, a potential conflict could be brewing. It appears that the U.S. and China are set for economic and political disengagements, and are likely to part ways. <Accessed 2019-07-19>

The US-China Relationship: Why Words Matter (2019-07-19)
(The Diplomat, By Eleanor Albert) The ongoing criticisms and finger-pointing between politicians from the U.S. and China are hurting U.S.-China relationship. Furthermore, these high-level people-to-people exchanges could gravely affect cross-cultural, business and academic exchanges. <Accessed 2019-07-19>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
‘We’re Almost Extinct’: China’s Investigative Journalists Are Silenced Under Xi (2019-07-12)
(New York Times, By Javier C. Hernández) China’s investigative reporters once provided rare voices of accountability and criticism in a society tightly controlled by the ruling Communist Party, exposing scandals about babies sickened by tainted formula and blood-selling schemes backed by the government. But under President Xi Jinping, such journalists have all but disappeared, as the authorities have harassed and imprisoned dozens of reporters and as news outlets have cut back on in-depth reporting. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

Hong Kong Protest Against Mainland Chinese Traders Turns Violent
 (2019-07-13)
(New York Times, By Amy Qin and Ezra Cheung) Several thousand demonstrators gathered in the streets of a Hong Kong border town on Saturday to protest against mainland Chinese traders, the latest effort by local activists to ride the momentum of recent mass protests in the city. What began as a peaceful protest on Saturday in Sheung Shui, an area of Hong Kong close to the border with mainland China, devolved into clashes between demonstrators armed with umbrellas and police officers wielding batons, pepper spray and shields. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

Hong Kong Protesters, Police Clash as Demonstrations Target Chinese Traders
 (2019-07-14)
(Reuters, By Greg Torode and Vimvam Tong) Hong Kong protesters staged a demonstration in Sheung Shui, a town not far from the Chinese city of Shenzhen, against Chinese traders. Some protesters claimed that they did not carry weapons and were protesting peacefully but were hit with batons by the police. <Accessed 2019-07-14>

Xi Jinping’s Summer Foreign Policy Tour Displays “Great Power Diplomacy with Chinese Characteristics” (2019-07-16)
(Jamestown Foundation, By John Dotson) Xi’s summer 2019 diplomatic tour also represented one of the clearest displays yet seen during Xi’s tenure of “great power diplomacy with Chinese characteristics”—characterized by unabashed assertion of international leadership, wrapped in the language of benevolence and international cooperation. If the foreign policy themes on display throughout the past month are any indication, the world is likely to see an even more assertive PRC position on the world stage in times to come. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

Which Countries are For or Against China's Xinjiang Policies? (2019-07-16)
(The Diplomat, By Catherine Putz) The 22 nations that signed a letter addressed to the president of the UN Human Rights Council and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to express their concerns about China's detention program in Xinjiang are Western nations. Another letter which includes 37 countries defending China's Xinjiang policies consists of African and Middle Eastern nations. The question remains how each side gathered the signatures. <Accessed 2019-07-16>

Ich Bin Ein Hong Konger (2019-07-16)
(Foreign Policy, By Melinda Liu) The protest in Hong Kong which started due to the controversial extradition bill has widen its focus to target mainland Chinese "parallel traders". Presently, the protesters are demanding universal suffrage. Protest leaders hope that Hong Kong will be a beacon of hope for a China that is liberal, open and tolerant. <Accessed 2019-07-17>

China's Digital Silk Road Could Decide the US-China Competition (2019-07-17)
(The Diplomat, By Clayton Cheney) Great power competition is underway as the US and China competes for global and regional influence. China is making its mark on the international stage through its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), and its Digital Silk Road project could determine China's ability to shape the international order of the 21st century. <Accessed 2019-07-18>

The Future of China's Amphibious Assault Fleet (2019-07-17)
(The Diplomat, By Rick Joe) The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) amphibious assault fleet will continue to expand until the mid 2020s. Among its key projects are the 075 LHD family, the 071 LPD family and the PLAA landing ship fleet. <Accessed 2019-07-18>

China Is Drafting Urgent Plan to Resolve Hong Kong Chaos, SCMP Says (2019-07-17)
(Bloomberg, By Karen Leigh and Dominic Lau) According to the South China Morning Post, top Hong Kong and Chinese officials are developing a strategy for handling Hong Kong's recent political upheaval. The proposal, to be presented to Beijing officials, will supposedly include a plan for managing the current protests as well as a longer-term strategy that could lead to China altering its management of the city. <Accessed 2019-07-18>

Is Huawei a Security Threat? Vietnam Isn’t Taking Any Chances (2019-07-18)
(New York Times, By Raymond Zhong) Yet Vietnam’s leading mobile carriers appear to be keeping Huawei out of their 5G plans, even if the government’s fear of incensing Beijing most likely prevents them from saying so. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

Hong Kong’s Approach to Protesters: No More Concessions (2019-07-19)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher) Hong Kong’s leader will not be making further concessions to the city’s protesters, two of her top advisers said, as the government digs in despite several large demonstrations over the past month and more planned for Sunday and the coming weeks. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

NATO Needs a China Policy (2019-07-19)
(The Diplomat, By Helena Legarda and Meia Nouwens) As NATO celebrates its 70th anniversary this year, it might need to initiate a coordinated and comprehensive China strategy as China continues to rise economically, politically and militarily. NATO could be a conducive platform for Europe and the U.S. to come up with policies that could address member states' different priorities and increased the burden-sharing among partners. <Accessed 2019-07-19>

Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

China's South China Sea Anti-Ship Missile Tests Up the Stakes (2019-07-15)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) China's recent missile tests by the People's Liberation Army Rocket Force in a disputed part of the South China Sea demonstrate that a new strategic reality is underway in the South China Sea. China's latest missile tests demonstrate China's military capabilities and continued militarization agenda of the South China Sea. <Accessed 2019-07-15>

Vietnam, China Embroiled in South China Sea Standoff (2019-07-17)
(Reuters, By James Pearson and Khanh Vu) Chinese and Vietnamese ships have been engaged in a weeks-long standoff near an offshore oil block in disputed waters in the South China Sea. Chinese ships recently conducted a survey of nearby waters and the oil block, which is inside Vietnam's exclusive economic zone, as well as maneuvered in a "threatening manner" towards Vietnamese ships. Both sides have reiterated their claims in the South China Sea following the incidents. <Accessed 2019-07-18>

Vietnam Calls for Chinese Vessels to Leave Vanguard Bank in South China Sea (2019-07-20)
(South China Morning Post, By Zhuang Pinghui) Vietnam has called on China to remove a survey vessel and coastguard ships from disputed waters in the South China Sea, amid a tense stand-off between the two countries since early July. <Accessed 2019-07-22>

The Korean Peninsula

US-North Korea Doldrums Return after Third Trump-Kim Summit (2019-07-17)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) A spokesperson for North Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that working-level talks between Washington and Pyongyang were about to reconvene. However, the statement from the Foreign Ministry also included a warning that the upcoming U.S.-South Korea military exercises could potentially derail talks. <Accessed 2019-07-18>

Other Regional Issues

F-35 Sales are America's Belt and Road
 (2019-07-14)
(Foreign Policy, By Johnathan D. Caverley, Ethan B. Kapstein and Srdjan Vucetic) The United States' Joint Strike Fighter program has membership that includes 46 percent of the world economy. The F-35 program makes a state's security dependent on the United States. <Accessed 2019-07-14>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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