::: TSR Weekly Report
2019-06-22 | NO.43(25) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
 Taiwan's Legislature Expresses Support for Hong Kong People (2019-06-17)
(CNA, By Fan Cheng-hsiang and Emerson Lim) A resolution passed in Taiwan's Legislative Yuan expressed the legislature's support for Hong Kong citizens amidst protests over the controversial extradition bill. The resolution called on the Hong Kong government to withdraw the bill and better consider the concerns of the protesters. The legislature also urged the Taiwanese government to take action to help Hong Kong protesters. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

KMT’s Tseng, Chinese Official Urge Closer Ties (2019-06-17)
(Taipei Times, By Ann Maxon) Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) Vice Chairman Tseng Yung-chuan and Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference Chairman/Politburo Standing Committee member Wang Yang made calls for the return to the "1992 consensus" at the 11th Straits Forum yesterday. Tseng and Wang urged China and Taiwan to increase cross-strait exchanges on the basis that both sides belong to "one China." Tseng stated that the KMT will strive to maintain the "1992 consensus" and oppose Taiwanese independence. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

Taiwan ‘Watching’ as Liaoning Aircraft Carrier Sails into South China Sea (2019-06-20)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan’s military claims to have precise information about the movements and current location of the mainland’s carrier battle group as it sails into the disputed waters of the South China Sea. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

How the Storm over Hong Kong’s Extradition Bill Battered Beijing’s ‘One Country, Two Systems’ Ambitions for Taiwan (2019-06-22)
(South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan, Kristin Huang, and Matt Ho) Taiwan-based analysts said the debacle in Hong Kong had not only helped Tsai’s re-election prospects but also undermined Chinese President Xi Jinping’s Taiwan policy. <Accessed 2019-06-27>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
Tsai Meets with Brookings Head, Hopes for Progress on Ties (2019-06-18)
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu)
President Tsai Ing-wen met with a delegation from Washington-based policy think tank the Brookings Institution on Tuesday. In her speech, Tsai thanked Brookings President John Allen for his help in securing Taiwan’s place in the U.S.-led Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS and looked to the future of the U.S.-Taiwan relationship as both sided celebrate the fortieth anniversary of the Taiwan Relations Act. <Accessed 2019-06-18>

Taiwan Can Count on U.S.’ Commitment to a Shared Future: AIT Director  (2019-06-18)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh)
American Institute in Taiwan director Brent Christensen assured Taiwanese people Tuesday that the U.S.’ is strongly committed to future cooperation with Taiwan and that he is optimistic about the future of the U.S.-Taiwan relationship. He also mentioned that the U.S.’ concerns lie with China’s economic practices, such as “market distorting subsidies, threats, theft of intellectual property, and lack of a market oriented approach”. <Accessed 2019-06-18>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
 'One Country, Two Systems' Won't Work in Taiwan: Former AIT Head (2019-06-17)
 (CNA, By Lee Hsin-Yin) Former American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) Chairman Richard Bush expressed his view that the "One Country, Two Systems" formula will not work in Taiwan at a forum this Monday. Bush also stated that escalating tension in the Asia-Pacific region can be attributed to the United States' and China's changing regional roles. The U.S. has become more security orientated while nations in the region look to China for economics, according to Bush. <Accessed 2019-06-18>

Solomon Islands Officials’ Visit to China Not Linked to Ties  (2019-06-18)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh)
A Solomon Islands senior government delegation that visited China last week was only there to study timber trade, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The visit caused concern over whether or not the Solomon Islands will maintain its diplomatic relations with Taiwan or switch to ties with China. However, MOFA insisted that the ties between Taiwan and the Solomon Islands remain stable and that the visit was purely related to business. <Accessed 2019-06-18>

DPP to Officially Nominate Tsai as Candidate in 2020 Election  (2019-06-18)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping and Elizabeth Hsu)
The Democratic Progressive Party will formally nominate President Tsai Ing-wen as its party’s candidate at a Wednesday meeting of its Central Executive Committee, after which Tsai will deliver a speech at the DPP headquarters. Tsai defeated former Premier Lai Ching-te in the DPP primary with a support rating of 35.67 percent versus Lai’s 27.48 percent. <Accessed 2019-06-18>

Canadian Warship Makes Rare Passage Through Taiwan Strait (2019-06-19)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) A Canadian warship recently sailed through the Taiwan Strait as part of Canada's freedom of navigation operation. Taiwan's Ministry of National Defense confirmed the warship's passage on Wednesday. A French warship also made a rare passage through the strait on April 6 of this year. <Accessed 2019-06-19>

Taiwan, Poland Sign Legal Cooperation Deal (2019-06-19)
(CNA, By Joseph Yeh) Poland and Taiwan have signed a legal cooperation agreement, the first of its kind between Taiwan and a European nation. The agreement addresses judicial cooperation, extradition, transfer of inmates, and the creation of a bilateral legal consultation mechanism. <Accessed 2019-06-19>

Taiwan Urges Europe to Help It Stand Up to China (2019-06-19)
(CNA, By Tang Pei-chun and Evelyn Kao) In a video message delivered to the European Parliament, Taiwan's Minister of Foreign Affairs Joseph Wu emphasized the need for Taiwan to strengthen ties with foreign allies, including European nations, to resist pressure from China. Wu emphasized that the loss of Taiwanese democracy would be devastating for the development of democracy worldwide. <Accessed 2019-06-19>

Taiwan Increases Penalties for Spying for China (2019-06-19)
(CNA, By Chen Chun-hua and Elizabeth Hsu) A new amendment to Taiwan's National Security Act was passed Wednesday and raises the legal penalties for engaging in acts that could potentially threaten Taiwanese national security. Additionally, the amendment makes it illegal to found or operate organizations intended for use by Hong Kong, Macau, or hostile foreign forces. The amendment also includes penalties for data and information theft from Taiwan-based servers. <Accessed 2019-06-19>

Cabinet Approves Projects to Boost Investment in Taiwan (2019-06-20)
(CNA, By Ku Chuan and Evelyn Kao) To help Taiwanese businesses cushion the impact of the trade conflict between the United States and China, the Executive Yuan launched an action plan Jan. 1 that allocated NT$20 billion in loans and subsidies to cover the 1.5 percent bank service charge for firms investing in Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-06-21>

Taiwan Denies Donating NT$1 Billion in Support of Hong Kong Protest  (2019-06-20)
(CNA, By Huang Li-yun, Wen Kuei-hsiang, Yu-Hsiang, and Chung Yu-chen)
The Presidential Office on Thursday denied online rumors that the Taiwan government had donated NT$1 billion to support recent Hong Kong protests. Spokesperson Ting Yun-kung called the allegation “totally fake” and said that the Presidential Office has asked the police to investigate the source of the false information. <Accessed 2019-06-21>

Taiwan’s iPhone Tycoon Walks a Fraught U.S.-China Line in His Presidential Run (2019-06-21)
(New York Times, By Chris Horton) Should Mr. Gou become Taiwan’s president, Mr. Trump would have a lot of say over what might be the toughest part of his job: striking a delicate balance between the interests of the United States and China, especially as the two giants fight a bruising trade war. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

Taiwan's President Clears Her Primary Challenge. Will Her Party Get on Board? (2019-06-21)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) As Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen successfully won the Democratic Progressive Party's (DPP) presidential primary, Tsai continues to face other challenges. Within the DPP, there is still the possibility that Tsai will lose former premier William Lai's supporters to Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je. Tsai will also need to fend off China's pressure toward Taiwan, and at the same time ensuring support from the United States. <Accessed 2019-06-22>

Departing Guatemalan Diplomat Urged to Continue Support for Taiwan (2019-06-21)
(CNA, By Stacy Hsu) Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen called on the departing Guatemalan Ambassador to Taiwan Olga Maria Aguja Zuniga to continue to support Guatemala - Taiwan ties in her new position as consultant to Guatemala's foreign ministry. Tsai credited Aguja with key bilateral exchanges between the two states, including a Taiwanese state visit to Guatemala in 2017. Guatemala's new ambassador to Taiwan is currently awaiting Taiwanese approval. <Accessed 2019-06-22>

Presidential Hopeful Terry Guo will Step Down as Chairman of Foxconn (2019-06-22)
(The Diplomat, By Johnson Lai) Chairman of Foxconn Terry Guo announced that he will step down as Foxconn's chairman as he prepares for the Kuomintang's (KMT) presidential primary race. Seeing that there are other potential candidates competing, Guo proposed that the KMT should hold debates to select the party's presidential candidate. As a successful Taiwanese businessman and one of Taiwan's richest people, Guo's candidacy might attract Taiwanese who are not happy with the nation's stagnating incomes. <Accessed 2019-06-22>

U.S.-China Relations
PacNet #34 – The Growing US-China Tensions: Do we see light at the end of the tunnel? (2019-06-11)
(Pacific Forum, By Zhiqun Zhu) It is time for the US and China to write trade and other rules together to safeguard a more just, inclusive, and sustainable international system, in which both powers play a constructive leadership role. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

China–US Trade Agreement Now Harder but Not Impossible
(East Asia Forum, By Wang Yong) China and the United States need to find a more balanced approach to address these concerns. Constructive communication between the leaders of the two countries will still play a vital role in breaking the stalemate. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

Huawei Chief Predicts Sales Will Flatline After Trump Crackdown
(New York Times, By Raymond Zhong) Huawei, the embattled Chinese technology giant, is slashing its sales expectations for this year by around $25 billion as the Trump administration’s clampdown on the firm takes a bite out of its business. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

Trump and Xi Will Meet at G-20 Amid Stalled Trade Talks
(New York Times, By Ana Swanson and Julie Hirschfeld Davis) President Trump said on Tuesday that he and President Xi Jinping of China had spoken by phone and would have an “extended” meeting at the Group of 20 meeting next week in Osaka, Japan. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

The US vs China: A Clash of Self-Images
(The Diplomat, By Plamen Tonchev) A global country poll on views of major international players conducted by the BBC World Service two years ago, showed that there exist a gap between "image" and "self image". While 77 percent of Americans and 88 percent of Chinese viewed their countries' role in international affairs positively, the rest of the world did not share their sentiments. <Accessed 2019-06-21>

A Trade War Will Only Hasten China’s Structural Reforms (2019-06-22)
(East Asia Forum, By Cai Fang) All these priorities aim to move the Chinese economy from high-speed growth towards high-quality development. The escalating trade war between China and the United States will only accelerate the pace of China’s structural reform, not reverse it. <Accessed 2019-06-27>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Beijing and Hong Kong

China Backs Hong Kong’s Leader Despite Huge Protests (2019-06-17)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher and Amy Qin) The Chinese government on Monday voiced strong support for Hong Kong’s embattled chief executive, Carrie Lam, a day after yet another vast street protest against her government rattled the leadership in Beijing and the local political establishment. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

Hong Kong’s Leader Publicly Apologizes for Extradition Bill
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher) Backpedaling under mounting pressure, Hong Kong’s top leader publicly apologized on Tuesday for having proposed contentious legislation that would allow extraditions to mainland China. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

Hong Kong Was a Refuge for Mainland Chinese. The Extradition Bill Could Change That.
(New York Times, By Emily Steel and Cao Li) For many mainland Chinese, Hong Kong has long been a refuge that affords a relatively high degree of safety while also serving as a way to stay connected to the mainland. If passed, the extradition bill could change all that. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

China Blinks on Hong Kong - This Time
(The Diplomat, By Ken Moritsugu) Hong Kong's chief executive Carrie Lam's decision to suspend the extradition bill could be seen as a sign that there are limitations to how hard Chinese President Xi Jinping's government can be when being pressured. Activists and protesters urged the Hong Kong government to withdraw the bill entirely and called for Lam's resignation. Regardless of the demands from the protesters, China might not be deterred from controlling Hong Kong. <Accessed 2019-06-18>

Hong Kong Protests Resume as Police Headquarters Is Surrounded
(New York Times, By Daniel Victor) Thousands of protesters blocked a major thoroughfare and surrounded the headquarters of Hong Kong’s police force on Friday, putting new pressure on the city’s leadership over an unpopular bill that has thrown the territory into a political crisis. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

Hong Kong Activists' Deadline Passes Without Government Response (2019-06-21)
(The Diplomat/Associated Press) Despite heavy protests from Hong Kong activists to scrap off the extradition bill, the Hong Kong government decided not to withdraw the bill. Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam defended the legislation by remarking that the bill is crucial for Hong Kong to prevent Hong Kong from becoming a place that would attract fugitives. Opponents of the bill argued that the bill could potentially result in unfair trails for critics of the Chinese Communist Party. <Accessed 2019-06-21>

Hong Kong Protests: How Did We Get Here? (2019-06-21)
(The Diplomat, By Florence Mok) Although the recent protest in Hong Kong was sparked by the inability of the Hong Kong government to hand over a Hong Kong national, who was alleged to have murdered her girlfriend, to Taiwan, the roots for the protest go deeper. The recent protests in Hong Kong resulted from a growing distrust between the Hong Kong people and the governments in Hong Kong and Beijing, with tensions between the public and the governments going back to the 1980s. <Accessed 2019-06-22>

Hong Kong Needs China, and It Needs the World Too (2019-06-22)
(The Diplomat, By He Jun) Just as Hong Kong's economic prosperity is dependable on foreign investments from mainland China, Hong Kong equally needs recognition and support from the international community. For instance, if Hong Kong's status as a separate customs territory is abolished, it would greatly affect the economic development of China's southern region, including China as a whole. <Accessed 2019-06-22>

China's Foreign Relations

China ‘Has Overtaken Russia’ as a Maritime Power, Boosted by Joint Naval Drills
(South China Morning Post, By Kristin Huang) China has surpassed Russia as a maritime power, boosted by years of joint drills between the two navies, according to military analysts. Such exercises had helped China to become a relatively advanced naval power, and Russia was watching on warily as Beijing continued a push to modernise its military, they said. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

The Dangerous Reprise of Chinese Korean War Propaganda (2019-06-17)
(The Diplomat, By Andrew Kuech) In light of the ongoing trade war between the United States and China, the Chinese government has brought back the Korean War-era "Resist America, Aid Korea" campaign as one of its latest attempts to stir up long-suppressed populist animosity toward the United States. The current "Resist America, Aid Korea" campaign aims to remind the Chinese people of China's victory against American provocation and frame China's troubles as an epochal struggle against U.S. expansionism. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

China in Tajikistan: New Report Claims Chinese Troops Patrol Large Swaths of the Afghan-Tajik Border (2019-06-19)
(The Diplomat, By Catherine Putz) A joint statement issued by Chinese President Xi Jinping and Tajik President Emomali Rahmon showed both nations' aspiration to strengthen their partnership in supporting each other on their core interests, namely national sovereignty, security and territorial integrity. A Wall Street Journal (WSJ) report stated that both nations are committed to strengthen their security cooperation but the scale and depth of the cooperation was not known. <Accessed 2019-06-20>

China-EU Investment Treaty Talks ‘Better than Expected’ as Beijing Woos US Allies (2019-06-20)
(South China Morning Post, By Wendy Wu) Negotiations between China and Europe on reciprocal investment access went better than expected as Beijing stepped up efforts to woo allies of the United States affected by the China-US trade and tech disputes, diplomatic sources said. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

Duterte Calls for Calm Over Chinese Sinking of Fishing Boat (2019-06-17)
(Washington Post/Associated Press) Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte urged the end of public outcry and tensions after a Chinese vessel hit and sank a Filipino fishing boat in the South China Sea on June 9, calling the incident an accident. Other government officials and opposition politicians, however, have criticized China for the incident and have demanded greater action from the Filipino government. China has denied that the collision was on purpose. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

The Korean Peninsula

China's President Xi to Visit North Korea This Week (2019-06-17)
(Reuters, By Tony Munroe and Huizhong Wu) Chinese President Xi Jinping is set to visit North Korea for two days at the invitation of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. The meetings between the two nations come weeks before the G20 summit being held in Japan at the end of June. Xi will be the first Chinese president to visit North Korea in 14 years; Kim, however, has made multiple visits to China since 2018. <Accessed 2019-06-17>

Xi Jinping is (Finally) Visiting North Korea
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) According to Chinese state media, Chinese President Xi Jinping has accepted North Korean leader Kim Jong Un's invitation to visit North Korea from June 20 to 21. The meeting between Xi and Kim might have further implications on the U.S.-China discussions if Xi and U.S. President Donald Trump were to meet during the G-20 summit in Japan from June 28 to 29. <Accessed 2019-06-18>

South Korea to Send the North 50,000 Tons of Rice (2019-06-19)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) South Korea said on Wednesday that it would provide 50,000 tons of rice to North Korea, in the hope that the humanitarian aid will help persuade the North to return to talks on improving inter-Korean ties and ending its nuclear weapons program. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

Chinese President Xi Jinping Promises to Play ‘Positive’ Role in Helping North Korea Denuclearise (2019-06-20)
(South China Morning Post, By Lee Jeong-ho and Sidney Leng) Chinese President Xi Jinping promised on Thursday to help North Korea satisfy its “security and development needs” and play a “positive and constructive role” in denuclearising the Korean peninsula. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

China's Xi Holds Talks With Kim Jong Un in North Korea
(The Diplomat, By Ken Moritsugu) While Chinese President Xi Jinping and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un met and talked in Pyongyang, no details have been provided regarding the talks between leaders of both nations. According to a Xinhua commentary, China could be playing a unique and constructive role to reconcile the mistrust between the United States and North Korea. China and North Korea are having separate disputes with the United States. <Accessed 2019-06-21>

Kim, Xi Reach Consensus, to Develop Relations No Matter the International Situation: KCNA (2019-06-21)
(Reuters, By Joyce Lee and Hayoung Choi) Chinese President Xi Jinping concluded his two day trip to North Korea on Friday, the first trip to North Korea by a Chinese president in fourteen years. North Korea state media reported that Xi and Kim Jong Un agreed to continue to develop cooperative bilateral relations, regardless of the international situation. The meetings come just weeks before the G20 summit in Japan. <Accessed 2019-06-22>

Friendlier Days for North Korea and China? Maybe Not (2019-06-21)
(New York Times, By Jane Perlez) Both leaders were seeking leverage in their separate disputes with the United States, analysts said, and the meeting seemed hastily arranged to precede Mr. Xi’s expected talks with President Trump in Japan next week. <Accessed 2019-06-27>

Xi's North Korea Visit: All Style, No Substance? (2019-06-22)
(The Diplomat, By Shannon Tiezzi) Despite China's Foreign Ministry calling Chinese President Xi Jinping's North Korea trip as a "very friendly and successful visit", there has been no detail of any agreement reached regarding the China-North Korea bilateral ties. Xi's visit to North Korea is a departure from his normal visits abroad, as there was no signing of memorandum of understanding or public announcements on any agreement between China and North Korea. <Accessed 2019-06-23>

Other Regional Issues

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization: A Vehicle for Cooperation or Competition?
(The Diplomat, By Eleanor Albert) During the Shanghai Cooperation Organization's (SCO) annual summit at Bishek, Kyrgyzstan, several of the issues discussed among its members included strengthening regional security, economic integration, and cultural and humanitarian cooperation. Although China and Russia's relationship appears positive, China's growing presence on the international stage and Russia's relegated position internationally due to its economy might hamper more in-depth cooperation between the two Eurasian countries. <Accessed 2019-06-22>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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Recent Publication Gerald Chan, China’s Maritime Silk Road: Advancing Global Development? (Edward Elgar Publishing)
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