::: TSR Weekly Report
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2019-01-05 | NO.43(1) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@alumni.princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
China Imposes Anti-Dumping Tariffs on Taiwanese Chemical Vendors (2019-01-01)
(CNA, By Frances Huang) China will impose anti-dumping tariffs on chemical companies from Taiwan, the U.S. and Malaysia that will take effect from Saturday and will continue for five years. China's Ministry of Commerce (MOC) made the decision after an investigation revealed that chemical companies from these three countries were selling butyl alcohol at an unfairly low price in China. <Accessed 2018-12-30>

Xi Jinping Warns Taiwan That Unification Is the Goal and Force Is an Option (2019-01-01)
(New York Times, By Chris Buckley and Chris Horton) China’s president, Xi Jinping, warned Taiwan that unification must be the ultimate goal of any talks over its future and that efforts to assert full independence could be met by armed force, laying out an unyielding position on Wednesday in his first major speech about the contested island democracy. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

Taiwan’s Leader Urges China to Address Differences Peacefully (2019-01-01)
(New York Times, By Chris Horton) President Tsai Ing-wen of Taiwan urged China on Tuesday to seek a peaceful solution to its differences with Taiwan and stressed that the island’s people want to maintain self-rule. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

China’s Reunification of Taiwan: Are Taipei and Beijing Locked in a Zero-Sum Game? (2019-01-02)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan on Wednesday flatly rejected calls by Chinese President Xi Jinping for the two sides to adopt the “one country, two systems” model to resolve their conflicts, which analysts said was clear evidence of the zero-sum game the two leaders were now playing. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

China's Political Formulas Disallow ROC Existence: MAC
 (2019-01-02)
(CNA, By Yu Shiang, Miao Tsung-han, Chen Yi-hsuan, Liu Kuan-Ting and Shih Hsiu-chuan) The Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) stated that China's "one China" principle and "1992 consensus" are unacceptable to the Taiwanese public. According to MAC spokesperson Chiu Chui-cheng, the Taiwanese government must clarify to the public that China's political formulas are damaging to Taiwan's sovereignty. <Accessed 2019-01-02>

Cross-Strait Ties Depend on 'Four Musts' From China: President (2019-01-02)
(CNA, By Shih Hsiu-chuan) During a New Year's Day speech on Tuesday, Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen stated that China must acknowledge the "Four Musts" for an improved cross-strait relation. Tsai proposed that China must recognize Taiwan, respect the people's freedom and democracy, resolve cross-strait issues peacefully and sit down with the Taiwanese government. Tsai further added that the defeat of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) in the November elections does not represent a rejection of the government's stance on defending Taiwan's sovereignty. <Accessed 2019-01-02>

Xi Says Taiwan ‘Must’ Unify With China as Tsai Unveils Her Own ‘Four Musts’ (2019-01-02)
(The Diplomat, By Nick Aspinwall) Chinese President Xi Jinping said recently that Taiwan must be reunified with China, but he reiterated that the process would be peaceful without explicitly stating that military force was off the table. His speech rebutted several points made by Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen in a recent speech including "Four Musts," reflecting four demands Taiwan has for China towards building a new framework for cross-strait relations. Tsai's speeches seem to set the atmosphere towards a contentious presidential race for 2020. <Accessed 2019-01-03>

Unification Plan From China Finds Few Takers in Taiwan (2019-01-02)
(New York Times, By Chris Buckley and Chris Horton) President Xi Jinping declared on Wednesday that he wants progress on China’s decades-long quest to win control of Taiwan. But his proposal appeared unlikely to win over residents of the self-ruled island, who have seen Hong Kong’s freedoms in rapid retreat under a similar deal. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

MAC Denies existence of '92 Consensus', Says It Castrates Taiwan (2019-01-03)
(CNA, By Miao Chung-han and Flor Wang) Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) Chairman Chen Ming-tong rejected the existence of the "1992 consensus" and urged that Taiwan should not acknowledge it. Chen made the statement in response to Chinese president Xi Jinping's statement that Taiwan "must and will be" united with China according to the "1992 consensus" and the "one China principle". <Accessed 2019-01-04>

Most People in Taiwan Do Not Accept '1992 Consensus': Poll (2019-01-03)
(CNA, By Miao Chung-han and Flor Wang) A recent poll conducted by the Cross-Strait Policy Association reported that more than 80 percent of the Taiwanese people do not acknowledge the "1992 consensus" and view the "1992 consensus" as a way to eliminate Taiwan. The survey also showed that more than 50 percent of the respondents are not familiar with the contents of the "1992 consensus". <Accessed 2019-01-04>

How President Xi Jinping Is Misreading Taiwan (2019-01-03)
(The Diplomat, By Gerrit van der Wees) Following Xi Jinping's speech where he declared Taiwan's reunification with the Mainland as an important step towards national rejuvenation, President Tsai Ing-wen rejected Xi's proposal and responded with her own "Four Musts," creating a framework for conversation on both sides of the Taiwan Strait. Xi Jinping seems to have misread the situation in Taiwan, which leads to poor reception of his speech in Taiwan. Beijing should move away from animosity and towards peaceful coexistence. <Accessed 2019-01-05>

French MP Denounces China's Threat of Force Against Taiwan (2019-01-04)
(CNA, By Tzeng Yi-shiuan and Yu-Chen Chung) In responding to Chinese President Xi Jinping's statement that China might use force against Taiwan, French parliamentarian Jean-François Cesarini stated that China's intention is unacceptable despite the fact that France is a friend to both China and Taiwan. Cesarini further remarked that Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen's "four musts" proposal during the New Year's Day speech is the right direction toward positive cross-strait relations. <Accessed 2019-01-04>

Xi's Speech Offers Nothing New: Ex-AIT Officials (2019-01-04)
(CNA, By Chiang Chin-ye and Evelyn Kao) In response to Chinese President Xi Jinping's speech calling for a unification of Taiwan and China under the "1992 consensus" and the "one China principle" during the 40th anniversary of the "Message to Compatriots in Taiwan", two ex-officials at the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) remarked that Xi's policy is nothing new. One of the officials, former AIT Director Douglas Paal, stated that he does not think there would be huge changes in the development of cross-strait relations. <Accessed 2019-01-04>

Xi Jinping's Speech: Xi's Statement Puts KMT in Hard Spot, Academic Says (2019-01-04)
(Taipei Times, By Chung Li-hua and Jake Chung) National Cheng Kung University professor Hung Ching-fu remarked that Chinese President Xi Jinping's speech on the unification of Taiwan and China under the "1992 consensus" has put the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) in a difficult position. According to Hung, the initial consensus that the KMT made was intentionally vague but Xi's speech eliminated the vagueness when Xi added the "goal of unification". <Accessed 2019-01-04>

Xi Jinping's Speech: China Trampling on Rights of Taiwanese, Ministry Says (2019-01-04)
(Taipei Times, By Lu Yi-hsuan and Jake Chung) Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) refused to acknowledge the "one country, two systems" formula espoused by Chinese President Xi Jinping and remarked that Xi's speech is crushing the rights of Taiwanese. The ministry also urged the Taiwanese public to be wary of China's sincerity in light of China's suppression of human rights, religious freedom and freedom of speech. The ministry also called on like-minded nations to work with Taiwan in building an international order based on the values of freedom, democracy and human rights. <Accessed 2019-01-04>

Was It Wise for Tsai Ing-wen to Reject the ‘1992 Consensus’ Publicly? (2019-01-04)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) Xi Jinping recently made a major speech specifically on Taiwan policy, where he stated that Taiwan must be reunited with the Chinese mainland, preferably under the "one country, two systems" policy in place in Hong Kong and Macau, also further stating that dialogue would be welcomed as long as all parties embraced the 1992 Consensus. Immediately after the speech, Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen publicly rejected Beijing's proposal, including that to embrace the 1992 Consensus. Her actions give Beijing an excuse to keep Taiwan policy tight and distract away from domestic issues in China. <Accessed 2019-01-05>

Tsai Urges Taiwan Political Parties to Reject 'One Country, Two Systems' (2019-01-05)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping and Frances Huang) During a press conference at the Presidential Office in Taipei, Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen urged all political parties in Taiwan not to acknowledge China's "one country, two systems" political formula. Tsai remarked that discussions should be made between governments that represent the people of both nations. The Taiwanese president further urged the international community to stand with and support Taiwan in facing China's threats and pressure. <Accessed 2019-01-06>

Opposition Parties Back Tsai's Stance on 'One Country, Two Systems' (2019-01-05)
(CNA, By Fan Chen-hsiang, Yeh Su-ping, Miu Tsung-han and Frances Huang) Three opposition parties in Taiwan have expressed support for Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen's stand against China's political formula of the "one country, two systems". The People First Party (PFP) and the Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU) urged the Taiwanese public to unite against China's pressure. Meanwhile, Kuomintang (KMT) spokesman Ouyang Long stated that the "1992 consensus" functions as a basis for cross-strait dialogue but the KMT will not acknowledge the system since the people do not accept it. <Accessed 2019-01-06>

Groups Call for Taiwanese System of Unification (2019-01-05)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) Several pro-unification groups in Taiwan have asked Taiwan's major political parties to stop reacting to Chinese President Xi Jinping's unification stance with a passive attitude. Instead, they proposed that Taiwan should come up with its own "one country, two systems" political formula. Ger Yeong-kuang, the director-general of the Grand Alliance for China's Reunification Under the Three Principles of the People, proposed a system where China and Taiwan would be unified under a federal system with appellations of equal status for both governments. <Accessed 2019-01-06>

Taiwan’s President, Defying Xi Jinping, Calls Unification Offer ‘Impossible’ (2019-01-05)
(New York Times, By Chris Horton) President Tsai Ing-wen of Taiwan called on Saturday for domestic and international support of the island’s de facto independence, days after China’s leader, Xi Jinping, warned that unification with China was inevitable. <Accessed 2019-01-09>
U.S.-Taiwan Relations
U.S. President Signs Bill Encouraging Regular Arms Sales to Taiwan (2019-01-02)
(CNA, By Rita Cheng and Elizabeth Hsu) U.S. President Donald Trump signed into law the Asia Reassurance Initiative Act including 12 other bills on Monday to increase the country's influence in the Indo-Pacific region and to reaffirm its commitment to Taiwan. The Act supports U.S.-Taiwan economic, political and security relationships. Furthermore, the Act also reiterates United States' arms sales to Taiwan to meet potential threats from China. <Accessed 2019-01-02>

Taipei Mayor Calls U.S. Visit Invitation Fake News (2019-01-02)
(CNA, By Chen Yi-hsuan and Elizabeth Hsu) Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je told reporters that his administrative team never announced that he was invited by Bonnier Glaser, the senior adviser for Asia and director of the China Power Project of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) to visit the U.S. Meanwhile, Glaser remarked that she did not persuade Ko to visit the U.S. and the "fake news" is giving the public the impression that she supports Ko's bid for the 2020 presidential election. <Accessed 2019-01-02>

Relations with US at Their Best in 40 Years: Stanley Kao (2019-01-04)
(Taipei Times/CNA) According to Representative to the US Stanley Kao, US-Taiwan relations are at their best since the US cut diplomatic ties with Taiwan 40 years ago. Kao expressed confidence that the US-Taiwan relations will continue to improve, especially since the US Congress passed the Taiwan Travel Act that further encourages mutual visits by high-ranking officials from both nations and the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 that seeks to help Taiwan to increase its defense capabilities. <Accessed 2019-01-04>

U.S. Lawmakers Voice Support for Taiwan Following Threats by China (2019-01-05)
CNA, By Jiang Ching-yeh and Frances Huang) Several American politicians expressed their support for Taiwan in light of Chinese President Xi Jinping's speech that urged Taiwan to acknowledge the "one China principle" and the threat to use force against Pro-Taiwan independence activists. The American politicians responded by remarking that Xi is marginalizing Taiwan's democracy and Xi's military threats against Taiwan were bad diplomacy. One of the politicians further stated that the U.S. should continue its commitment to Taiwan. <Accessed 2019-01-06>
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Tourists Flock to Taiwan in Record Numbers Despite Drop from Mainland China (2018-12-31)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan welcomed its 11 millionth visitor of the year on Sunday, a record for the self-ruled island as tourists from across Asia made up for a sharp fall in arrivals from mainland China. But Taipei also said it would review a scheme to increase visitors from Southeast Asia after more than 150 Vietnamese went missing on a tour of the island earlier this month. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

Ministry Touts Resolve on Sovereignty
 (2019-01-01)
(Taipei Times, By Lu Yi-hsuan) Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs is resolute in defending and protecting Taiwan's sovereignty in light of China's escalating efforts to suppress Taiwan. The Ministry cited several diplomatic achievements in 2018, such as Taiwan-US relations, the APEC leader's summit, Taiwan-Japan MOU, Taiwan-EU relations, Taiwan-UK relations, and the New Southbound Policy initiatives. <Accessed 2019-01-01>

Independence Supporters Urge President Tsai Ing-wen Not to Run for Second Term (2019-01-01)
(Taipei Times, By Peng Wan-hsin and Jake Chung) Several pro-Taiwan independence groups have asked current Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen not to run for second term. Taiwan Forever Association president Jerry Cheng remarked that Tsai has turned the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) into a "Taiwanese Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT)", and the DPP that once represented freedom and democracy, and the spirit of 'Taiwanese values' is gone. <Accessed 2018-12-30>

Mass Production of Armored Vehicles to be Completed by 2023 (2019-01-01)
(CNA, By You Kai-hsiang, Joseph Yeh and Christie Chen) A Ministry of National Defense (MND) official announced on Monday that Taiwan is soon to start mass producing its CM-34 "Clouded Leopard" eight-wheeled armored vehicles next year and the production is scheduled to complete by 2023. According to the official, the CM-34 model, equipped with a 30mm chain gun, has improved anti-tank capabilities and can fire several accurate rounds in rapid succession. <Accessed 2019-01-01>

President Tsai Resists Pressure to Forgo Re-election Bid (2019-01-03)
(CNA, By Yeh Su-ping and Flor Wang) Presidential Office spokesperson Alex Huang stated that Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen will continue to defend Taiwan's sovereignty and democracy amid China's pressure toward Taiwan to acknowledge the "one country, two systems" model. President Tsai also remarked that the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) has a democratic system in selecting the party's presidential candidate and no one has the ultimate say in the matter. Tsai made the remark in response to a letter from several independence advocates urging her to forgo the re-election bid in 2020. <Accessed 2019-01-04>

EU Reiterates Support for Nation's Democracy (2019-01-05)
Taipei Times/CNA, Brussels) An EU spokesperson announced that the EU will continue its relations with Taiwan and support Taiwan's democracy in light of Chinese President Xi Jinping's recent speech that urged Taiwan to accept the "one country, two systems" political formula and the threat to use force against Taiwan. The spokesperson further stated there should be initiatives to promote cross-strait dialogue and cooperation between both nations. <Accessed 2019-01-06>

Adviser has 'No Regrets' Over Tsai Letter (2019-01-05)
(Taipei Times, By Lee Hsin-fang and Johnathan Chin) Presidential Office adviser Wu Li-pei expressed that he does not regret petitioning Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen to forgo the 2020 presidential election. Wu further expressed disappointment toward Tsai's inaction in light of China's interference and meddling in Taiwan. Wu also urged the Taiwanese people to be more united and vigilant against China's intrusion. <Accessed 2019-01-06>

Indonesia Temporarily Stops Sending Students to Taiwan Amid Constroversy (2019-01-06)
(CNA, By Jay Chou, Justin Su, Chen Chih-Chung and Ko Lin) Indonesia has decided to temporarily stop sending its students to Taiwanese universities to attend an internship-study program. The decision came amid reports that the program has been treating Indonesian students as cheap labor, such as positioning the students to perform manual labor jobs in local factories. According to Kuomintang (KMT) Legislator Ko Chih-en, in one case where students filed complaints with Hsing Wu University, the school ignored them. <Accessed 2019-01-06>
U.S.-China Relations
China Thwarts U.S. Effort to Promote American Culture on Campuses (2018-12-30)
(New York Times, By Jane Perlez and Luz Ding) Today, the American centers have closed after the Chinese authorities denied American officials entry to them and state security agents interrogated an American academic working on a Chinese campus. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

How Washington Dealt a Blow to the Years-Old Diplomatic Push for a US-China Alliance in Africa (2018-12-30)
(South China Morning Post, By Shi Jiangtao) The US government’s adoption of a strategy that aims to counter China’s rapidly expanding economic and political influence in Africa deals yet another blow to a years-long diplomatic effort to promote China-US collaboration on the continent, analysts say. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

Washington Takes Swipe at China’s ‘Predatory’ Ties with Brazil as Bolsonaro Begins Presidency by Courting US (2019-01-03)
(South China Morning Post, By Keegan Elmer) The United States took a swipe at “predatory” China as US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo visited Brazil for the inauguration of President Jair Bolsonaro, whose election campaign was marked by cautionary remarks on China. Bolsonaro, who took office on New Year’s Day, signalled a shift toward the US and blended soothing remarks to Brazil’s largest trading partner – China – with warnings against its increasing influence on South America’s biggest economy. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

Does Sino-US Competition Mean a Zero Sum Game?
 (2019-01-03)
(The Diplomat, By Ben Lowsen) While the United States is now focusing more on competition over cooperation, Vice President Mike Pence claims that that does not necessarily mean hostility. America does not wish to weaken China or claim victory over it. Rather, it is willing to engage in competition in the hope that China improves its accountability during the process. <Accessed 2019-01-03>

U.S. Renews China Travel Warning, Citing Risk of Arbitrary Detention (2019-01-03)
(New York Times, By Liam Stack) The United States renewed a travel advisory for China on Thursday that warned American citizens could face arbitrary detention there, a move that came amid tense relations between the countries dominated by trade disputes and the recent American-requested arrest of a high-profile Chinese executive in Canada. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

China’s Moon Landing: Lunar Rover Begins Its Exploration (2019-01-03)
(New York Times, By Steven Lee Myers) The muted reaction was a sign that the novelty of the country’s space missions has faded. But the coverage also appeared to reflect political and economic anxieties at a time when Mr. Xi’s government is trying to negotiate a truce in the trade war with the United States and respond to worrisome cracks in the economy. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

US Envoys Due in Beijing for Trade Talks (2019-01-05)
(The Diplomat, By Joe McDonald) American envoys should be in Beijing on Monday to discuss the ongoing trade dispute between the two countries, specifically regarding China's technology ambitions and alleged espionage. Tensions remain high, however, largely from the arrest of Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou in Canada. China has expressed that they do not wish this issue to affect trade talks with the United States. <Accessed 2019-01-05>

A New Approach to China – and the World – From the US Department of Defense (2019-01-05)
(The Diplomat, By Bonnie Girard) Some observers believe that President Donald Trump's pick for Acting Defense Secretary, Patrick Shanahan, does not have the experience necessary to take on a growing China. However, his experience in the leadership of Boeing suggests that he will have a steady hand in dealing with China, and has in fact already worked with China in the past. However, the most important clue to his views is his agreement with President Trump and Vice President Pence that Russia and China are the two biggest military threats to the United States. <Accessed 2019-01-05>

United States Ups the Ante in China Rivalry with Asia Reassurance Initiative Act (2019-01-05)
(South China Morning Post, By Teddy Ng and Finbarr Bermingham) The China-US rivalry in Asia – especially in the South China Sea – will intensify with the passage of American legislation underlining Washington’s commitment to the region, analysts said. The Asia Reassurance Initiative Act, which US President Donald Trump signed into law this week, signalled that the US wanted to retain its allies and mobilise them to counter China if necessary, the observers said. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

Donald Trump Set to Hold Talks with China’s Vice-President Wang Qishan in Davos (2019-01-05)
(South China Morning Post, By SCMP Reporters) China’s Vice-President Wang Qishan is likely to hold talks with US President Donald Trump at the World Economic Forum’s annual meeting later this month, according to a person familiar with the matter. The talks, on the sidelines of the Davos forum in Switzerland, which runs from January 22 to 25, would be the second high-level meeting between China and the United States in two months as they continue to seek to reduce trade tensions. <Accessed 2019-01-09>
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Will China Seize Prized Port if Kenya Can’t Pay Back Its Belt and Road Loans? (2018-12-30)
(South China Morning Post, By Kristin Huang) The prospect that China might at some point be able to seize Kenya’s prized port of Mombasa has caused public confusion and alarm and again raised questions about the risks of participating in China’s “Belt and Road Initiative”. Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta has strongly denied a local media report that the East African nation was at risk of having China seize the strategic port in compensation for unpaid debt related to belt and road infrastructure development projects. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

The People China ‘Disappeared’ in 2018
 (2018-12-31)
(The Diplomat, By Yanan Wang) The scope of those Chinese citizens who speak out against the Chinese government and "disappear" shortly after has greatly expanded under President Xi Jinping. Several of those include technology and security insiders, foreign agents, and students. <Accessed 2019-01-03>

Britain’s Planned Naval Base in Southeast Asia Seen as ‘Muscle-Flexing’ against China (2019-01-01)
(South China Morning Post, By Shi Jiangtao) Britain’s plan to build a new military base in Southeast Asia is likely to further complicate the strategic landscape in a region already fraught with maritime disputes and geopolitical rivalry between Beijing and Washington, Chinese analysts warn. The plan was unveiled by British defence secretary Gavin Williamson during an interview with The Sunday Telegraph this week, with possible sites including Singapore and Brunei. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

Ahead of Tiananmen Incident Anniversary, China Launches a New Round of Internet Crackdown (2019-01-04)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) The Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) announced recently that they launched a new campaign against "negative and harmful information" on the Internet. The definition of such information is left intentionally vague, but lists several broad categories. The latest crackdown will reportedly last about six months, until the 30th anniversary of the June 4th Incident passes. <Accessed 2019-01-05>

EU-China Relations Face a Bumpy Road in the Year Ahead (2019-01-05)
(South China Morning Post, By Mathieu Duchatel) The year 2018 ended with three significant developments in Europe-China relations which, taken together, point to an increasing mismatch in priorities between the two economic powers in 2019. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

The Belt and Road Initiative Still Afloat in South Asia (2019-01-05)
(Jamestown Foundation, By Sudha Ramachandran) The defeat of BRI-friendly South Asian leaders in elections has been widely described as setback for the PRC. Such interpretations gained momentum when their successors in Sri Lanka, Pakistan and the Maldives promised to review contracts with the PRC. However, subsequent events indicate that while concern over debt burdens is rising in the region, the future of BRI projects in South Asia has not dimmed. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

Beyond “Debt-Trap Diplomacy”: The Dissemination of PRC State Capitalism (2019-01-05)
(Jamestown Foundation, By Hong Zhang) The narrative of PRC “debt-trap diplomacy” has gained increasing traction in some parts of the international media and US foreign policy-making communities. While useful in highlighting the adverse consequences of PRC-financed projects in developing countries, this narrative simultaneously overlooks the agency of the borrowing states and the sophistication of PRC corporate actors in implementing the economic strategy of the PRC party-state. <Accessed 2019-01-09>
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

Beijing to Restore Coral Reefs ‘Damaged by Island Building’ in South China Sea (2019-01-02)
(South China Morning Post, By Liu Zhen) China is working to restore the ecosystem of coral reefs in the disputed South China Sea, the Ministry of Natural Resources said, amid concerns that its land reclamation operations have damaged the environment. Facilities to protect and recover coral were installed on Fiery Cross, Subi and Mischief reefs, the three biggest of China’s seven artificial islands in the Spratly group, and operations began at the start of the year, the ministry said. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

Japan Protests Chinese Survey Ship Operating Near Okinotorishima Atoll, a Small but Vital Piece in Tokyo’s Maritime Territory Claims (2019-01-04)
(South China Morning Post, By Julian Ryall) Japan has lodged an official protest with Beijing after a Chinese government survey ship was identified operating in Japan’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) around Okinotorishima, an atoll some 1,740km south of Tokyo that is the most southerly point of Japan. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

Traversing the South China Sea: Safety First
 (2019-01-05)
(The Diplomat, By Muhammad Taufan) The South China Sea is one of the most important economic corridors in the world due to the many shipping lanes that use its waters. States must work together to improve ship safety regulations and measures to reduce the incidents that may disrupt such trade. Using a regional cooperation framework may lead to more effective communication and discourse on the issue. <Accessed 2019-01-05>

Chinese Fighter Pilot Issues Warning to Foreign Aircraft in East China Sea Air Identification Zone (2019-01-05)
(South China Morning Post, By Teddy Ng) A Chinese jet fighter engaged a foreign aircraft recently after it was spotted inside China’s air defence identification zone (ADIZ) over the East China Sea, state media reported. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

The Korean Peninsula

Kim Jong-un, Ready to Meet Trump ‘at Any Time,’ Demands U.S. End Sanctions
 (2018-12-31)
(New York Times, By Motoko Rich and David E. Sanger) Kim Jong-un, North Korea’s leader, said Tuesday that he was willing to have a second summit meeting with President Trump, but he paired the offer with a threat that if international sanctions against his country were not lifted, the North would “have no choice” but to return to nuclear confrontation. <Accessed 2019-01-09>

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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New Publication Takashi Inoguchi, ed., The SAGE Handbook of Asian Foreign Policy, London: SAGE Publications, forthcoming in December 2019.
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