::: TSR Weekly Report
2017-11-07 | NO.21(44) epaper |
TSR Analysis
Xi Jinping’s Taiwan Policy in the New Era (2017-10-29)
(Taiwan Security Research, By Dr. Su Chi) Clearly the weight of “peaceful reunification” and the importance of the “hearts and minds of Taiwan people” are reduced in Beijing’s policy toward Taiwan in Xi’s “New Era.
Cross-Strait Relations
Taiwanese Who Join CCP Face Fine of NT$100,000 to NT$500,000: Minister (2017-11-02)
(CNA) The Mainland Affairs Council Minister Katharine Chang announced that Taiwanese who join the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) could face fines. This came in response to Taiwanese Lu Li-an served as a delegate to the CCP's 19th National Congress, and another Taiwanese student at Peking University in Beijing said he plans to join the party.

Tsai Cautiously Optimistic About Trump-Xi Meeting
(CNA) President Tsai Ing-wen is cautiously optimistic about the meeting between US President Donald Trump and PRC President Xi Jinping, and she hopes the meeting will promote peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific. She also hopes Trump will reaffirm the close ties between the US and Taiwan and that the government will be closely monitoring the meeting to see if Taiwan will be a bargaining chip during the meeting.

Measures Against Beijing Put on Hold
(Taipei Times, By Lin Liang-sheng) The government of Taiwan has put on hold a countermeasure against China that would have restricted Chinese officials from visiting Taiwan. While details of this countermeasure are finalized, no changes to current cross-strait policy will occur.

China Trying to Poach Allies: Source (2017-11-06)
(Taipei Times, By Chung Li-hua and William Hetherington) A government source said China has been more active in trying to poach Taiwan's Caribbean and Central American allies. China is doing so through injecting government funds and creating infrastructure projects in these countries.

Taiwan Hoping to Exchange Views with Xi Jinping at Apec Summit in a ‘Natural Way’ (2017-11-06)
(Reuters) Taiwan hopes to find a “natural way” to exchange views with Chinese President Xi Jinping at a summit of Asia-Pacific leaders that starts in Vietnam this week, the self-ruled island’s envoy to the meeting said on Monday.

Ma Arrives in Los Angeles to Speak on China Relations (2017-11-06)
(CNA) Former president Ma Ying-jeou arrived in Los Angeles and was welcomed by the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Los Angeles Director-General Steve Hsia. He delivered a speech on Taiwan-China relations at the University of Southern California.
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics

Tsai Urges Non-Partisanship Ahead of State Visit (2017-10-29)
(CNA) As President Tsai Ing-wen left for her diplomatic trip, she asked political parties to work together for the benefit of Taiwan as a whole. She mentioned that two of the countries she would visit formed their diplomatic relations with Taiwan under different Presidents from different parties and that cooperation was necessary to maintain the relationships.

Tsai's Cross-Strait Policy Tops Survey (2017-10-31)
(Taipei Times, By Chen Wei-han) President Tsai Ing-wen's cross-strait policy currently holds an approval rating of about 45%. This rating is higher than those of KMT chairman Wu Den-yih and Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je.

KMT Undergoing China-Pandering Relapse: NPP
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) A New Power Party lawmaker accused the KMT of suffering from a "China pandering disease" relapse. She cites an example in the form of the proposal to open a representative office for New Taipei City in Beijing for communication purposes.

Taiwan's Foreign Relations

Ministry Welcomes Taiwan-Friendly US Defense Official (2017-10-29)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs expressed their welcome at the nomination of Randall Schriver as US assistant secretary of defense for Asian and Pacific Affairs. He previously served as head of a think tank which researched security trends in Asia. The ministry stated that Schriver has helped further Taiwan-US ties throughout his career and looks forward to the future of their relationship.

Office Thanks US Lawmakers for Support
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) Ahead of US President Donald Trump's trip to Asia next week, for US lawmakers had written a letter to the President explaining the necessity for US-Taiwan ties and the importance of the relationship. Taiwan's representative office in DC expressed its thanks to the lawmakers for their support of Taiwan. The representatives of the US Congress had said that Taiwan is an important economic and diplomatic ally in the Asia-Pacific, especially for security concerns.

WTCC to Publish Thailand White Paper, MOFA Says
(CNA) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that a white paper on economic and trade cooperation with Thailand would be published and sent to the Thai government soon. The paper would serve as a guide to implementation of President Tsai Ing-wen's New Southbound Policy in Thailand. Last month, the WTCC published the first of its white papers, that one on Vietnam.

Solomon Islands Crisis Would Not Affect Tsai Visit
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that there would be no affect on President Tsai Ing-wen's scheduled stop in the Solomon Islands despite the vote of no confidence held against the Solomon Islands Prime Minister. The government also announced that they had been closely monitoring the situation in preparation for the visit. This would be Tsai's second-to-last stop on her diplomatic tour, and she plans to stop in the US territory of Guam before returning home.

Beijing to Increase Pressure on Taiwan, MAC Says (2017-11-01)
(Taipei Times, By Chen Wei-han) The Mainland Affairs Council stated that Beijing's intention with Taiwan was to continue to drain its workforce and attempt to coerce Taiwan through diplomatic means. Beijing did not announce any shifts in its Taiwan policy at the 19th Party Congress. As a result, Beijing would also continue to enforce its "one China" principle in its international relations.

Officials Celebrate Taiwan's Inclusion in US' Global Entry
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) The United States has extended its Global Entry program to Taiwanese travelers, hoping to further deepen ties between the two nations. US passport holders are now also eligible for Taiwan's eGate program.

Guam Governor Welcomes Tsai with Fanfare, Reception
(CNA) President Tsai Ing-wen visited Guam on her way back to Taiwan from visiting diplomatic allies in the Pacific. Guam described the visit as "private and unofficial," but Tsai still received a police escort upon her arrival. Tsai is confident Taiwan and Guam can create closer ties in the future.
PLA, Military Balance and Arms Sales
Once Formidable, Taiwan’s Military Now Overshadowed by China’s (2017-11-04)
(New York Times, By Steven Lee Myers and Chris Horton) Beijing’s rapid modernization of its armed forces — and uncertainty over America’s commitment — has tilted the military balance against the island.
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

Launch of Beijing’s New Dredger May Spark Concerns of Renewed Island Building in South China Sea (2017-11-03)
(South China Morning Post, By Laura Zhou and Kristin Huang) China celebrated another maritime milestone on Friday as a new home-grown dredging vessel, described as one of the world’s most advanced, began water tests. The 140-metre-long, 28-metre-wide Tian Kun Hao, which took to the water at Qidong in eastern Jiangsu province, was described by some local media as “Asia’s most powerful island maker”. Given Beijing’s earlier island-building activities in the South China Sea, such a description could easily cause alarm among regional neighbours, especially as the new vessel will replace the Tian Jing Hao – which was used extensively for such purposes – as Asia’s largest.

Beijing and Hanoi Try to Ease South China Sea Tensions as Xi Jinping Prepares for Tussle with Trump for Influence in Region (2017-11-03)
(South China Morning Post, By Catherine Wong) A senior Chinese official said on Friday that Beijing has reached an agreement with Vietnam on how to manage their South China Sea dispute ahead of a visit by President Xi Jinping next week that will see him competing with the United States for influence.

The Korean Peninsula

Why South Korea’s Promises on THAAD and a US-Japan Alliance Are So Important to China (2017-11-06)
(South China Morning Post, By Liu Zhen) But China’s biggest worry was that THAAD would move the US, South Korea and Japan one step closer to a Nato-like regional alliance, and eventually create a “mini Asian version of Nato” to counter China, according to retired Chinese army colonel Yue Gang. “China is desperately trying to avoid this because the military threat then would be much more than just a ballistic missile defence system,” he said.

No War Threats From Trump, Who Tells Koreans ‘It Will All Work Out’
(New York Times, By Julie Hirschfeld Davis, Mark Landler, and Choe Sang-Hun) President Trump brought a message of reassurance to South Korea, saying he saw progress in diplomatic efforts to counter the threat from Pyongyang.

Other Regional Issues

Will Trump's Visit to Asia Mark the Moment US Leadership in the Region Is Irrevocably Ceded to China?
(The Diplomat, By Carl Thayer) The two main strategic objectives of US President Donald Trump's visit to Asia will be to reassure US opposition against North Korea's nuclear program and to reaffirm commitments to Asian multilateral institutions. However, the question remains whether or not Trump will cede control of the Asia-Pacific to China, which, due to Trump's transactional thinking rather than strategy, remains a possibility. Trump's disdain of multilateral institutions and agreements has allowed President Xi Jinping to take more of a role as the global promoter of globalism, especially in Asia.

Trump Tells Japan It Can Protect Itself by Buying U.S. Arms (2017-11-06)
(New York Times, By Mark Landler and Julie Hirschfeld Davis) President Trump was by turns generous and challenging as he pressed Japan on shooting down North Korean missiles and on trade imbalances with the United States.
U.S.-China Relations
Joe Davis on Sino-US Trade Misconceptions (2017-10-30)
(The Diplomat, By Maurits Elen) Joe Davis, chief economist at Vanguard, details his thoughts on the impact of technology on trade, especially between the United States and China.

President Trump: Support Religious Freedom in China
(The Diplomat, By Sandra Jolley and Tenzin Dorjee) US President Donald Trump should place a greater focus on religious freedom and the freeing of religiously persecuted prisoners on his upcoming trip to China. China currently seeks to erase the religions of many of its ethnic minorities in a process of "sinicization." However, the government should uphold the religions and the rich histories of their cultures, rather than erase them.

How Are US-China Cyber Relations Progressing? (2017-11-01)
(The Diplomat, By Adam Greer and Nathan Montierth) The 2015 agreement on cybercrime seems to have fallen apart despite bilateral support on both the Chinese and American sides. However, even if the agreement seems to be falling apart, there are still several avenues for US-China cooperation against cyber espionage. As the future progresses, the role of cyberspace and technology must be weighed against the greater international community and strategy for all involved parties.

IPP REVIEW -- Trump's Dismissal of Bannon: The US' China Policy Factor
(IPP Review, By John F. Copper) Steve Bannon's removal from the White House shows a clear divide between him and US President Donald Trump regarding foreign policy: Bannon is more nationalist while the President is more in favor of negotiations and bargaining. This was best espoused in their differences in opinion regarding China policy.

Trump Must Urge Beijing to Talk to Taipei: Ex-Official
(CNA) Kurt Campbell, the Former Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, said U.S. President Donald Trump should urge Beijing to communicate with Taipei in an effort to improve cross-strait relations. Campbell said the United States should get Beijing to take advantage of the opportunity Tsai has presented by being open to better cross-strait ties.

Wooing Trump, Xi Jinping Seeks Great Power Status for China (2017-11-06)
(New York Times, By Jane Perlez and Mark Landler) Mr. Xi, the most powerful Chinese leader in decades, wants the United States to share global leadership with China as equals.
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

The CCP Vows to 'Lead Everything' Once Again (2017-10-28)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) The CCP announced at the 19th Party Congress that the Constitution would be revised to include President Xi Jinping's name and to include language stating that the Party would "lead everything." The Congress detailed that CCP leadership was crucial to the concept of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The slogan was first coined under Mao, but was taken away under Deng.

Speaking up for Yesterday’s Man: Remembering Hu Jintao
(The Diplomat, By Kerry Brown) While the 19th Party Congress was primarily focused on President Xi Jinping, his predecessor Hu Jintao got very little recognition or focus upon himself. Hu's legacy is in danger of being forgotten in favor of more powerful or prominent Chinese leaders, especially considering the leaders who came immediately before or after him, despite the fact that Hu led China through its greatest period of rapid economic development.

China Has New Leaders. What Now?
(The Diplomat, By Jonathan Brookfield) The new members of the Politburo Standing Committee help demonstrate President Xi Jinping's strengths and goals moving forward. However, the lack of a clear-cut successor for President Xi offers a change from tradition and precedent. While Xi may not continue to serve as Premier after 2022, he will likely still hold considerable power.

Pseudonyms with Chinese Characteristics: An Authoritative Resource for China Watchers
(The Diplomat, By David Gitter and Leah Fang) Homophonous pen names that represent specific organs of the CCP have become more popular in Chinese media. This is the CCP's latest attempt at spreading its messages now that traditional CCP propaganda is not nearly as effective in the present day after the commercialization of China's media.

Beijing and Hong Kong

China Adopts Harsher Penalties for Disrespecting National Anthem and Paves Way for Measure to Be Adopted into Hong Kong Law (2017-11-04)
(South China Morning Post) China’s top legislature has endorsed an amendment to the criminal code to make abuse of the national anthem or flag punishable by up to three years in prison. It has also endorsed the adoption of the National Anthem Law – which was approved at a National People’s Congress Standing Committee session in September and came into effect on the mainland at the start of the month – in Hong Kong’s mini-constitution, the Basic Law.

China's Foreign Relations

What Did the CCP Party Congress Mean for China's Diplomats? (2017-10-30)
(The Diplomat, By Ricardo Barrios) The 19th Party Congress created many new initiatives for China's future, many of which will shape China's future foreign policy goals and interests. As a result, many of China's diplomats will continue to play a significant role in promoting Chinese interests abroad. These will play into China's goal as being perceived as a dynamic force around the world.

The Belt and Road Initiative and the Future of Globalization
(The Diplomat, By Alek Chance) The Belt and Road Initiative has been confirmed to be a crucial part of China's foreign policy at the 19th Party Congress with the inclusion of the objective in the country's Constitution. It demonstrates a specific view of globalization going into the future, one with a multipolar world. However, to effectively understand the policy, one must also understand China's long-term economic and security goals.

Get Ready for an Even More Assertive China
(The Diplomat, By Yu Tao) Xi Jinping's speeches during the 19th Party Congress gave some insight into Chinese domestic and foreign policy objectives over the next five years. China is expected to play a much more proactive and decisive role in international affairs in the future. China's era of quietly observing and reacting to international events is about to change to a policy of assertiveness.

China’s Panda Diplomacy
(The Diplomat, By Andreas Pacher) As a symbol of representation, the panda should be considered an equal status of diplomacy as humans when thinking of China. China and the Confucius Institutes around the world have regularly threatened to take pandas out of zoos as measures to promote their own global worldview and foreign policy objectives. This idea of using a non-human concept as a symbol of diplomacy is not exclusively Chinese; rather, it is a global phenomenon that is most easily seen through the pandas.

China’s 'Digital Silk Road': Pitfalls Among High Hopes
(The Diplomat, By Wenyuan Wu) China plans to promote and protect its "One Belt, One Road" Initiative through greater focus and investment in information and communication technologies (ICTs). This ties into a large Chinese objective, which is to form a new "Digital Silk Road" for the potential to boost productivity and reduce emissions through ICTs. While it is primarily a public-private partnership, the public sector has been taking more of a leading role within China. However, regulations and corruption may make this more difficult than China anticipates.

China’s Technology Ambitions Could Upset the Global Trade Order (2017-11-07)
(New York Times, By Jane Perlez, Paul Mozur, and Jonathan Ansfield) China is gleaning know-how from foreign firms, willing or otherwise, to build the industries of the future, in an effort that worries companies and Washington.

China Moves to Close Overseas Investment Deal ‘Loophole’ (2017-11-07)
(South China Morning Post, By Frank Tang) China is amending its overseas investment regulations to cover a widely used method of securing loans to buy assets abroad, as Beijing strengthens its oversight of outbound investment to curb the flow of cash out of the country. The suggested changes to the regulations cover Chinese companies applying for a letter of guarantee from a bank operating in China, but using the note to secure an offshore loan for an overseas unit of the firms.
Fellowships and Academic Positions
Call for Applications - Fung Global Fellows Program, Princeton University

Call for applications to the Fung Global Fellows Program at the Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies (PIIRS). Six scholars from around the world will be selected to be in residence at Princeton University for an academic year and engage in research and discussion around the theme of “Interdependence.” The goal of the 2018-19 Fung Global Fellows cohort will be to explore the ways people learned to rely on or to reject strangers far away, as well as to imagine how global relationships came to be and could be different. We invite applications from scholars whose work addresses this topic in any historical period or world region and from any disciplinary background. Applications are due on November 20, 2017. To be eligible, applicants must have received their Ph.D. or equivalent no earlier than September 1, 2008. Fellowships will be awarded on the strength of a candidate’s proposed research project, the relationship of the project to the program theme, the candidate’s scholarly record and ability to contribute to the intellectual life of the program. For more information visit http://piirs.princeton.edu/funggfp/.

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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