::: TSR Weekly Report
2017-10-23 | NO.21(42) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
Xi Stresses "One China Principle," "1992 Consensus" at CPC Congress (2017-10-18)
(CNA) At the 19th Party Congress, Chinese President Xi Jinping reasserted his commitment to the "1992 Consensus" and the "one China" principle. This congress is considered the most significant political gathering in China since Xi came to power in 2012 and is a strong indicator of what Xi's future policy toward Taiwan will be.

Taiwan Urges New Model for Cross-Strait Ties
(CNA) In response to Xi Jinping's remarks at the 19th Party Congress on the "one China" principle, the Presidential Office in Taiwan has urged the two sides to show wisdom, determination, and patience to create a new model for bilateral ties. The Mainland Affairs Council said Xi's message of advocating the "one China" principle and "one country, two systems" with Hong Kong will have problems winning the hearts of the Taiwanese people.

KMT Chairman Wu Den-yih Reiterates Call for Ties Based on "1992 Consensus"
(Taipei Times, By Chen Wei-han) KMT Chairman Wu Den-yih said that cross-strait relations should be based on the 1992 Consensus, reiterating the sentiment of Chinese President Xi Jinping on the issue. He reaffirmed his belief that the 1992 Consensus represented the "One China" principle that has defined the KMT's view of cross-strait relations for decades. Cross-strait relations and discussions have lately come to a halt due to the CCP's refusal to communicate with the DPP.

Xi to Push Unification: Academic
(Taipei Times, By William Hetherington) Professor Chao Chun-shan of the Tamkang University Institute of China Studies believes Xi Jinping's comments at the 19th Party Congress indicate his plans to ramp up unification efforts. Xi insisted upon the "one China" principle as the basis for cross-strait relations and included Taiwan in his discussion about rejuvenating the Chinese people.

The US Calls on Taipei, Beijing to Settle Differences (2017-10-20)
(CNA) The United States has asked the two sides of the Taiwan Strait to engage in constructive dialogue to seek peaceful resolution of their differences. The U.S. reaffirmed its commitment to the "one China" policy, the Three Joint Communiques, and the Taiwan Relations Act.

Premier Lai Reiterates 6 Resolutions in Response to China President Xi (2017-10-20)
(CNA) Premier William Lai has reaffirmed Taiwan's six resolutions in hopes of maintaining peace across the Taiwan Strait. These resolutions include protecting Taiwan's sovereignty, freedom, and human rights; remaining committed to the economy; deepening peaceful development in cross-strait interaction; and safeguarding the right of Taiwan's people to determine their own future.

No Consensus on "1992 Consensus": Lai
(Taipei Times, By Chen Yu-fu and Jonathan Chin) Premier William Lai stated yesterday that the biggest issue with the 1992 Consensus is that there is no agreement as to what it defines or whether or not it actually exists. He made these remarks in response to KMT demands that President Tsai Ing-wen acknowledge the 1992 Consensus to resume cross-strait negotiations with the PRC government. He argued that the public is split on the interpretation of the 1992 Consensus, claiming that both sides of the Taiwan Strait had their own perspective.

Petition to Jump Time Zone Passes Official Threshold (2017-10-21)
(Taipei Times, By Jonathan Chin) The National Development Council stated that a petition to change Taiwan's time zone ahead one hour has gathered enough signatures to warrant official consideration. Taiwan currently shares a time zone with Beijing, but it used to be one hour ahead, sharing a time zone with South Korea and Japan. The petition stated that switching time zones would serve as a reminder that Taiwan was not subordinate to the Beijing government.
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics

Flag Not "Removed" From Web Site, Was Never There: MOFA (2017-10-21)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs denied that they had removed the national flag from their website, claiming that the flag was not even on their site during President Ma Ying-jeou's administration. The statement comes as a response to KMT claims that the Ministry is accommodating President Tsai Ing-wen attempts to distance Taiwan from China.

Nation Can Be Leader in Renewables: Tsai (2017-10-23)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) At an international symposium meant to raise awareness on sustainability and air pollution, President Tsai Ing-wen expressed her belief that Taiwan could become a leader in global energy development if it achieves energy transformation. She mentioned how Taiwan is not a UN member, yet it will continue to contribute to sustainable development and energy conservation. Taiwan is attempting to attract domestic and foreign investment in the energy sector as well.

Taiwan's Foreign Relations

White House Job Openings Hampering Taiwan-US Defense Ties: Council Head (2017-10-17)
(CNA) Taiwan Business Council president Rupert Hammond-Chambers said on Sunday that the remaining job vacancies in the White House have negatively affected US-Taiwan defense relations. The US Department of State has yet to approve US firms providing technical support to Taiwanese submarines, but this is due to a lack of a person to do the job. Hammond-Chambers also said that Taiwan's insufficient defense budget did not allow for Taiwan to upgrade several of its air combat capabilities.

Tsai Transit Stops to be Announced Later: Ministry
(CNA) President Tsai Ing-wen is currently preparing for a diplomatic trip to Tuvalu, the Marshall Islands, and the Solomon Islands. However, her transit stops along the way to the Pacific islands will be announced at a later date, following negotiations between the United States and Taiwan. The transit stops will be taking place in US territories.

Over 36% Rise in Tourist Arrivals from Southeast Asia: Report
(CNA) Tourism from the countries registered under Taiwan's New Southbound Policy between January and August has shown a 36.04 percent increase from the same period last year. Between January and August, 1.4 million tourists arrived in Taiwan from these countries, the largest proportion being from Vietnam and the Philippines.

Taiwan, U.S. Sign MOU on Defense Affairs (2017-10-18)
(CNA) The Taiwan Defense Industry Association and the U.S.-Taiwan Business Council President have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to promote U.S. defense cooperation with Taiwan. Through this MOU, the two organizations will extend exchanges on defense issues, foster cooperation on the defense industry and business, and start discussions on national security needs and weapons procurement.

Ministry Wary of Dominican Relations
(CNA) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has been closely monitoring Taiwan's relationship with the Dominican Republic after seeing signs that the Dominican Republic may be growing closer to Beijing. KMT Legislator Johnny Chiang said that the Dominican Foreign Minister met with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi last month and did not voice his support for Taiwan at the meeting. However, the Ministry also stated that there was no immediate threat of the Dominican Republic severing ties with Taiwan.

No Chance of Tsai-Trump Meeting on Trip: Minister
(CNA) Minister of Foreign Affairs David Lee dismissed any chance of President Tsai Ing-wen meeting with US President Donald Trump on her upcoming trip to Pacific diplomatic allies. Her trip may potentially take her on a transit stop in Hawaii. The Taiwanese government has yet to announce the final transit stops for Tsai's trip as they are still waiting on approval from Washington to stop in US territories.

US Gives Tsai Permission to Transit Through Territory
(Taipei Times, By William Hetherington) The United States has agreed to let President Tsai Ing-wen pass through Guam and Hawaii on her way to visit allies in the Pacific in November. The only way for the Tsai to set foot on U.S. soil is to do so under the pretense of a transit stop, adding a layer of importance to the diplomatic allies in the Pacific.

Government Offers Assistance Loans to ASEAN Projects (2017-10-23)
(Taipei Times, By Lee Hsin-fang and William Hetherington) The Taiwanese government announced a new program for US$3.5 billion in developmental aid loans to Taiwanese companies wishing to invest in Southeast Asian countries who are members of ASEAN. The project comes as part of the New Southbound Policy, which aims to increase bilateral cooperations between Taiwan and South and Southeast Asian countries. Taiwan is facing competition from Japan and South Korea in terms of investing in Southeast Asia.

Global Health Forum Opens, Drawing an International Crowd (2017-10-23)
(Taipei Times, By Lee I-chia) The Global Health Forum in Taiwan opened yesterday, attracting experts from all around the world. This year's theme revolves around the implementation of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals. At the opening ceremony, Vice President Chen Chien-jen discussed Taiwan's focuses and achievements on public health.

PLA, Military Balance and Arms Sales
All-Volunteer Military Will Not Ensure Safety: Groups (2017-10-17)
(Taipei Times, By Jonathan Chin) The World United Formosans for Independence chairman said yesterday that the government and public of Taiwan are too complacent to be aware of the Chinese military threat. He continued to say that the all-volunteer army due to be implemented next year would not be sufficient to fend off the Chinese threat and that Taiwan should move to a draft, but politicians would not do so in fear of losing votes. The plan for an all-volunteer military was first proposed under the Ma Ying-jeou administration.
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

China’s South Sea Fleet Gets New Unit as Military Looks to Boost its Presence in Disputed Waters (2017-10-21)
(South China Morning Post, By Teddy Ng) The Chinese South Sea Fleet has set up a new marine rescue squadron as part of moves by the People’s Liberation Army to step up its battle readiness and deploy more submarines to the region. The new unit will enhance the navy’s capacity to conduct missions further afield, military observers said. The unit was set up during the “latest round of military reform”, which was announced by the unit political commissar during a session devoted to studying the political report delivered by President Xi Jinping at the Communist Party congress on Wednesday.

Paracel Island Cruises Prove an Undisputed Hit with Chinese Holidaymakers
(South China Morning Post, By Laura Zhou) Cruises around the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea are growing in popularity among Chinese holidaymakers, according to the official in charge of the disputed territory. Since the start of the year, 59 groups have set sail for the archipelago, Tian Xiangli, party chief of Sansha, said on the sidelines of the 19th national congress in Beijing. That represented a 20 per cent increase in both tour and passenger numbers from last year, he said, without giving an absolute figure for the latter.
U.S.-China Relations
Is the Trump Administration About to Take On China's Belt and Road Initiative? (2017-10-19)
(The Diplomat, By Ankit Panda) Rex Tillerson's speech this week on India offered a new insight into how the Trump Administration plans to counter China's Belt and Road Initiative, a plan that both the US and India have been wary of since its inception. Tillerson mentioned the concept of a "free and open Asia-Pacific" numerous times in his speech, and Trump may even mention the matter at an upcoming speech in Vietnam. Much of what has been revealed about this countering strategy reflects the ideals of the Obama administration's views on Asia.

Tillerson Criticises China over Lack of Action on North Korea, Trade and South China Sea (2017-10-20)
(Bloomberg News) US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson signalled growing US impatience with China on issues from North Korea to trade while vowing to stay on the job as long as President Donald Trump will have him.

China Urges the US to Abandon ‘Biased Views’ After Tillerson’s Reprimand
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) Following US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson's sharp critique of China in a speech at CSIS, the Chinese government made a statement asking the US to "abandon its biased views of China." Tillerson accused China of undermining the international order to advance its own foreign policy goals. The Chinese Foreign Ministry's response, in a sharply contrasting tone, encouraged cooperation between China and the United States.

‘Dominant’ Xi Can Use his Power in China to Be a Force for Good in the World, Says US Spy Chief (2017-10-20)
(Bloomberg News) Chinese President Xi Jinping is consolidating his power in the Communist Party congress that is under way in Beijing and could use his commanding position as a positive force globally, according to America’s chief spy. “We think that President Xi will come out of this in a dominant position with incredible capacity to do good around the world,” Central Intelligence Agency Director Mike Pompeo said on Thursday.
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

China's 19th Party Congress Sends a Message to Chinese Media (2017-10-18)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) No common people have been allowed into Tiananmen Square, where the Great Hall of the People is located, since the start of the 19th Party Congress, demonstrating the extraordinary security measures Beijing is taking to ensure the safety of those attending. Journalists attending must also go through numerous security checks before being granted access. Even after security, journalists have been dealing with a less-than-friendly face of the CCP.

What China Can Learn from Its First 18 Party Congresses (2017-10-18)
(The Diplomat, By Sergey Radchenko) The Chinese Communist Party, which is now 96 years old, can learn much by analyzing the history of the Party Congresses up until the present date. While at first they represented tumultuous times in Chinese history, occurring on an irregular schedule, they became more regular following the Chinese Civil War. The biggest takeaway from the regular Party Congresses following the Civil War is that they are not good indicators as to what the future of Chinese politics may hold. The Party Congresses should be seen as milestones in Chinese history, not directional signs.

China Wrongly Detained 3 Human Rights Activists, U.N. Experts Say
(New York Times, By Nick Cumming-Bruce) Hu Shigen, Zhou Shifeng and Xie Yang were imprisoned for subversion. U.N. experts say their rights were violated.

Ousted Chinese Official Is Accused of Plotting Against Communist Party (2017-10-20)
(New York Times, By Austin Ramzy) Allegations offer new details of charges against Sun Zhengcai and pit him against not just the Communist Party but China’s leader, Xi Jinping.

In China’s Coal Capital, Xi Jinping’s Dream Remains Elusive
(New York Times, By Chris Buckley) Mr. Xi has promised a new “China dream” of prosperity. But in the nation’s hinterlands, locals say there’s a stark disconnect between the bright promises and their hardscrabble reality.

China’s New Antipollution Push Could Cool Its Growth Engine
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher) Chinese officials face tough choices as they move to clean up skies and rivers, an effort that some say could put downward pressure on the economy.

The Ultimate Honour: Will Xi Jinping be Elevated to the Same Status as Mao Zedong? (2017-10-23)
(South China Morning Post, By Choi Chi-Yuk and Sidney Leng) Communist Party delegates from the rank-and-file to the top levels have backed calls for Xi Jinping’s name to be added to the party’s constitution – a move that would put him on a par with Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping. The focal point of Tuesday’s closing ceremonies for the party congress will be the exact wording of the amendment to the party’s constitution that will enshrine Xi’s dogma – the “Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era” – into the document.

How Can China Sustain Growth? (2017-10-23)
(East Asia Forum, By Cai Fang and Zhang Xiaojing) China may be facing a bumpy ride as it enters its ‘new normal’, but a new reform agenda focused on exploring new sources of growth could provide the roadmap Beijing needs.

Secure a Decisive Victory in Building a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects and Strive for the Great Success of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era (2017-10-23)
(By Xi Jinping) This transcript of Xi Jinping's speech to the 19th Party Congress details his policies as leader of the PRC so far and outlines what he anticipates for his next five years as leader.

Xi Aims to Turn CCP Into "State Party": Expert (2017-10-23)
(CNA) A Chinese politics expert said that Xi Jinping wishes to turn the CCP into a full state party based on meritocracy. This comes following Xi's work report at the start of the 19th Party Congress earlier last week. The speech detailed Xi's plans to lead China for the next five years.

Beijing and Hong Kong

Hong Kong Teachers Must Love China to Do their Job Properly, Education Chief Says (2017-10-23)
(South China Morning Post, By Viola Zhou) China’s education minister has called for a stronger sense of national identity among Hong Kong’s teachers so they can do a better job of instilling patriotism in the city’s youth. On the sidelines of the Communist Party’s national congress in Beijing, Chen Baosheng advised the city’s government to make sure teachers understood China “in a correct way” as part of efforts to advance national education.

China's Foreign Relations

Xi Jinping Pushes China’s Rise Despite Friction and Fear
(New York Times, By Jane Perlez) Mr. Xi has enjoyed remarkable success expanding Chinese global influence, benefiting from President Trump’s election. But he is also facing pushback to his assertive approach to foreign policy.

China’s ‘Going Global’ Enters New Phase, with Western Firms Starting to Benefit from Chinese Scale, Innovation (2017-10-23)
(South China Morning Post, By Laura He) Seventeen years after China launched its “going global” strategy to encourage domestic firms to invest more abroad, a new trend has emerged, with Western targets now starting to benefit from the rapid innovation and scale of the Chinese market, while at the same time becoming more appealing to global investors, said JP Morgan’s head of global investment banking in China.

China to Keep Wary Watch on Abe’s Push to Change Pacifist Constitution (2017-10-23)
(South China Morning Post, By Kristin Huang) The big electoral win on the weekend for Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s Liberal Democratic Party will give a short-term boost to ties with China but Beijing will keep a wary eye on any moves in Tokyo to alter the pacifist constitution. Before the election, Abe made friendly overtures to China including a rare appearance at a Chinese embassy event last month to celebrate China’s national day. But a day after the LDP and a small coalition partner secured at least 312 of the 465 seats in Japan’s lower house, Abe signalled a push to revise the US-drafted constitution.
Fellowships and Academic Positions
Call for Applications - Fung Global Fellows Program, Princeton University

Call for applications to the Fung Global Fellows Program at the Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies (PIIRS). Six scholars from around the world will be selected to be in residence at Princeton University for an academic year and engage in research and discussion around the theme of “Interdependence.” The goal of the 2018-19 Fung Global Fellows cohort will be to explore the ways people learned to rely on or to reject strangers far away, as well as to imagine how global relationships came to be and could be different. We invite applications from scholars whose work addresses this topic in any historical period or world region and from any disciplinary background. Applications are due on November 20, 2017. To be eligible, applicants must have received their Ph.D. or equivalent no earlier than September 1, 2008. Fellowships will be awarded on the strength of a candidate’s proposed research project, the relationship of the project to the program theme, the candidate’s scholarly record and ability to contribute to the intellectual life of the program. For more information visit http://piirs.princeton.edu/funggfp/.

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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The Best of Asia-Pacific Web Award
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