::: TSR Weekly Report
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2017-10-16 | NO.21(41) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
Beijing Will Keep Trying to Woo Taiwanese: Academics (2017-10-10)
(CNA) After the 19th Party Congress, China will continue to woo Taiwanese students, knowing that their disapproval is a big obstacle to unification. Some plans include making it easier for Taiwanese students to visit China and lowering the test score needed to enroll at a Chinese university.

Author Rejects Report of 2020 Invasion by China (2017-10-10)
(Taipei Times, By Jonathan Chin) Ian Easton, a researcher at Project 2049 and the author of The Chinese Invasion Threat, rejected statements saying his book implied a 2020 Chinese invasion of Taiwan. Easton claims China is pessimistic about being able to withstand U.S. intervention should China actually invade.

President Tsai Vows to Protect Regional Stability Amid China Tension (2017-10-10)
(CNA) In her National Day address, President Tsai Ing-wen said she will continue to extend goodwill to China and would not follow an adversarial path toward it. While doing so, she will protect Taiwan's freedom and ensure the people of Taiwan's right to decide their own future.

ROC Flag Issue Causes Discord
 (2017-10-11)
(Taipei Times, By Shelley Shan) The Republic of China flag was displayed prominently at the KMT's National Day celebration, highlighting the existence of the Republic of China. However, the DPP government has been accused by critics of "hiding" the flag and diminishing its meaning. While the DPP denies these claims, the KMT, including former President Ma Ying-jeou, stated that the flag should be always kept forward and evident throughout celebrations and throughout the country as a whole.

Independence Groups Hold ROC "Funeral" (2017-10-11)
(Taipei Times, By Jason Pan) A set of pro-Taiwanese independence activists held a "funeral" for the Republic of China in a protest against official National Day celebrations and called for the establishment of an independent Taiwan. They claim that the ROC was destroyed after the CCP's takeover of the mainland in 1949 and the establishment of the People's Republic of China. They declared the celebration of National Day as one that holds up a foreign ideology, one of China and not truly representing the will of the Taiwanese people.

Trump-Xi Meeting to Have No Major Effect on Taiwan: Scholar (2017-10-12)
(CNA) Richard Bush, a senior fellow at Brookings Institution, said that a meeting between Xi and Trump set for November will not affect Taiwan in any major way. Neither side is likely to use Taiwan as a bargaining chip.

Moriarty Urges Defense Spending (2017-10-14)
(CNA) Jack Moriarty, Chairman of the American Institute in Taiwan, said Taiwan should invest more in self-defense because the United States alone will not be able to protect the nation. He compared Taiwan's defense spending to those who also face outside threats, such as Ukraine and Israel, and found Taiwan's budget to be lacking.

US Able to Respond to a Crisis: Former Official (2017-10-14)
(Taipei Times, By Nadia Tsao and Jonathan Chin) Former U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for East Asia Abraham Denmark said the U.S. military would be able to respond to a crisis similar to the Taiwan Strait Crisis in 1996, stating that the U.S. is legally obligated to ensure it has the military capabilities to defend Taiwan. The U.S., however, is not legally bound to intervene in the case of a crisis, and that will be a decision the President will have to make.

Cross-Strait Relations: Ma Urges Tsai to Return to "1992 Consensus" (2017-10-13)
(Taipei Times, By William Hetherington) Former President Ma Ying-jeou issued a set of suggestions to President Tsai Ing-wen on how to potentially improve cross-strait relations. One of the key points was to embrace the 1992 Consensus and oppose Taiwanese independence. The Taiwanese constitution maintains cross-strait relations as relations between the two areas of China: mainland and Taiwan.

China Taps Former UN Ambassador as Deputy Head of Taiwan Affairs Office (2017-10-12)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) Liu Jieyi has been appointed the new deputy head of the Taiwan Affairs Office. Liu previously served as the Ambassador to the United Nations and has a background in international affairs. However, Liu is different in that he has much experience in multilateral organizations and agreements, a new perspective for cross-strait relations.

What Is the Likelihood of Cross-Strait Conflict? (2017-10-13)
(The Diplomat, By Eric D. Rowe) Dr. Arthur Ding of National Chengchi University describes the potential of armed conflict on both sides of the Taiwan Strait as well as the abilities of each side to defend itself.

Taiwan Policy Will Not Change: Paal (2017-10-15)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) A former director for the American Institute in Taiwan stated that he does not anticipate any changes in the CCP's policy towards Taiwan to arise from the 19th Party Congress. However, the officials who shared these views may not share the same sentiments as President Xi Jinping, whose future actions remain unpredictable. The former director expressed his desire to see the reinstatement of some cross-strait ties and hopefully better relations in the future.

Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics

President Tsai Ing-wen's National Day Address
 (2017-10-10)
President Tsai Ing-wen discussed accelerating reforms, safeguarding Taiwan's democracy and freedom, and finding Taiwan's place in the new international order in her 2017 National Day Address. The official English translation can be found here.

Opposition Parties React Differently to Tsai's Invitation to Talk
 (2017-10-10)
(CNA) Tsai invited leaders of opposition parties to talk about constitutional reforms on domestic issues as well as how to safeguard Taiwan's democracy and freedom. Members of the opposition Chinese Nationalist Party, however, were skeptical at best about her offer, doubting her sincerity.

Cross-Strait Relations: Su Beng's 100th Birthday to be Celebrated in Front of Presidential Office Building (2017-10-13)
(Taipei Times, By Jason Pan) There are plans for a celebration in front of the Presidential Office for Taiwanese independence advocate Su Beng's 100th birthday. Su had urged the population to support President Tsai Ing-wen for a second term in office. Su described the KMT as a "foreign power" holding Taiwan under a colonial rule.

Cross-Strait Relations: KMT Caucus Says It Is Open to Constitutional Reforms (2017-10-13)
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin) The KMT stated that as long as President Tsai Ing-wen does not try to declare Taiwanese independence by changing the name or the territory of Taiwan, the party caucus would be open to constitutional reforms. Specifically, the KMT would be in favor of Tsai's proposal for a government proportional to its accountability. The Constitution currently includes both the mainland and the island of Taiwan as territory belonging to the Republic of China.

Think Tanks Important for Policy Formation: Tsai (2017-10-15)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) President Tsai Ing-wen expressed her desire for think tank involvement in crafting future polices and enabling Taiwan to better find its place in the international arena. She discussed these ideas at the opening of the Asia-Pacific Think Tank Summit, where over 30 think tank leaders gathered in Taipei to address regional issues. The DPP has regularly referenced think tanks in crafting policy due to Tsai's faith in them.

Premier's Satisfaction Rating at 70% After One Month in Office (2017-10-16)
(CNA) A new poll conducted by Taiwan NextGen Foundation and released at a press conference shows that the new Premier William Lai has a 68.8 percent satisfaction rating, and is believed to have helped President Tsai Ing-wen raise her satisfaction rating to almost 50 percent.

Taiwan's Foreign Relations

Hundreds of Foreign Dignitaries to Attend National Day Festivities
 (2017-10-10)
(CNA) Foreign Dignitaries, including the Prime Minister of Tuvalu, the Vice President of Honduras, and the head of the Supreme Court of Paraguay, took part in the National Day festivities. Japan also sent a 170-member delegation to take part.

Four Awarded for Enhancing Taiwan, France Relations (2017-10-11)
(Taipei Times, By William Hetherington) The Taiwan-France Cultural Award was awarded this year to four French filmmakers who collaborated in creating a documentary about life in Taiwan. This is a departure from the tradition of only selecting one or two award winners.

Tsai to Set Up US$3.5 Billion Fund for New Southbound Policy (2017-10-12)
(CNA) President Tsai Ing-wen has announced a $3.5 billion USD fund to support the countries of Taiwan's New Southbound Policy with infrastructure and development projects. Tsai said this policy is important to Taiwan because it deepens its presence in South and Southeast Asia.

Japanese, Thai Ex-Officials Call for More Cooperation (2017-10-14)
(CNA) Two former government officials from Japan and Thailand hope to increase cooperation with Taiwan to preserve peace and stability in the region. Tokuichiro Tamazawa, the former Japanese Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries wants to start an economic partnership agreement with Taiwan, and called on Taiwan to grant visa-free entry to as many countries that fit the security criteria as possible.

President Tsai to Visit Three Pacific Diplomatic Allies (2017-10-14)
(CNA) From October 28 to November 4, President Tsai Ing-wen will visit its diplomatic allies Tuvalu, the Solomon Islands, and the Marshall Islands. Tsai will meet with senior officials at these three countries, promoting bilateral ties and Taiwan's New Southbound Policy.

Taiwan Not Negotiable For US (2017-10-13)
(CNA) Former American Institute in Taiwan chairman Richard Bush said that no changes regarding Taiwan's status should be expected from the upcoming meeting between US President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping. He stated that Taiwan should not and would not be used as a political bargaining chip and that doing so would not benefit the US in any way. Bush also stated that China's continued oppression of Taiwan would only fuel anti-China sentiments within Taiwan.

Exchanges Key to Bilateral Ties, Honduran VP Says (2017-10-15)
(CNA) Ana Rossana Guevara Pinto, the Second Vice President of Honduras, expressed a desire for greater cultural, political, and economic exchanges to improve ties between Honduras and Taiwan. She suggested an exchange program between the Central News Agency and Honduran journalism students. Taiwan is a crucial partner and investor in Honduras's developing economy.

U.S.-Taiwan Forum Weighs Impact of Trump Policies on National Defense (2017-10-16)
(CNA) The 2017 U.S.-Taiwan Defense Industry Conference, held in Princeton, is focusing this year on U.S. President Donald Trump's administration and its policies' impact on Northeast Asia. The conference is now in its 16th year and will include the Deputy Defense Minister General of Taiwan Chang Guan-chung, the American Institute in Taiwan Chairman James F. Moriarty, and the Acting Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs David F. Helvey.

Taiwan’s Southward Integration Faces a Long Uphill Battle (2017-10-17)
(East Asia Forum, By Kwei-Bo Huang) It is very likely that aggravated cross-Strait relations will be inimical to the success of the NSP. Tsai was adamant in early 2016 that Taiwan’s diplomacy ‘would rely on its own power, not China’s goodwill’. If Tsai keeps this stance when it comes to Taiwan’s foreign and cross-Strait relations, the prospect of the NSP’s success will become even smaller.
PLA, Military Balance and Arms Sales
Chinese Influence through Arms Exports: A Conversation with Michael Raska (2017-10-02)
(Center for Strategic & International Studies) Michael Raska discusses the arms trade of China and how China uses it to promote Chinese national interests abroad, as well as the competition in the arms trade sector.

US Officials Check ROC Ship With Eye on N Korea: Report (2017-10-16)
(Taipei Times, By William Hetherington) U.S. military officials are reported to have inspected the Republic of China Navy's fast combat support ship Panshi to evaluate its capacities in the event of combat with North Korea. Panshi could also be interesting for the U.S. because of its ability to accommodate the largest and heaviest helicopter in the U.S. military.
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
The Korean Peninsula 

Who Will Be the Adult in the Room on North Korea?
 (2017-10-14)
(East Asia Forum, By Peter Van Ness) Speaking in the name of a world that wants no more wars, Xi Jinping could move all parties to begin to explore new roads to reconciliation and accommodation on the Korean peninsula. He could show the world that China was prepared to accept the responsibility of a major power to help resolve the most pressing problems of our time. No other world leader is better positioned than President Xi to be ‘the adult in the room’.

U.S. Evacuation Drills in South Korea Heighten Fears of Military Action (2017-10-16)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) The military’s plan to practice evacuating noncombatants, despite being a routine exercise, raises concerns because of heightened tensions with North Korea.

Other Regional Issues

Can We Preserve Asia’s ‘Long Peace’?
 (2017-10-18)
(East Asia Forum, By Kevin Rudd) An expanding East Asia Summit, perhaps one day evolving into a wider East Asian community or an Asia Pacific community, will not exist as a substitute for evolving and existing alliance structures. But it could well help take the sharper edges off what is currently unfolding, as well as slowly evolving concepts of common security, military transparency and common military exercises which could over time help preserve the ‘long peace’ from which we have collectively benefited since the end of the last Korean War.
U.S.-China Relations
China, US Both Using Lawfare in the South China Sea (2017-10-12)
(The Diplomat, By Mark J. Valencia) Several experts have not acknowledged the fact that while China has legal warfare capabilities regarding the South China Sea, the United States has also possessed these capabilities for years. The struggle within the South China Sea is more so an issue of a differing interpretation of international laws and norms between the two countries. China continues to shape international laws and interprets them to suit its own interests.

Slow and Steady: US Intellectual Property and the China Challenge (2017-10-12)
(The Diplomat, By Robert Farley) Pay-to-Play intellectual property is already an issue, but a further issue arises when US firms are unable to trust the Chinese government with actually protecting intellectual property. The Trump administration has remained relatively silent on the topic, and many pertinent issues are left unaddressed.
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

Is China’s Economy Coming Back?
 (2017-10-12)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) GDP growth in China has been slightly higher than it was last year, suggesting a stronger Chinese economy in comparison to the recent past. The IMF has an optimistic outlook that also falls in line with China's outlook.

China’s Xi Approaches a New Term With a Souring Taste for Markets (2017-10-16)
(Wall Street Journal, By Lingling Wei) Going into his second term, Mr. Xi finds relying on markets too risky and state capitalism a better model. When the Chinese leadership talks of reform today it doesn’t mean economic liberalization as it did in, say, the era of Deng Xiaoping. It means fine-tuning a government-led model.

Beijing Launches Strict Security Checks for the 19th CCP Congress (2017-10-16)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) In order to prepare for the 19th Party Congress in Beijing, the Chinese government has instituted stricter security measures throughout the country. While increased security in Beijing is commonplace during important events, this level of increase, especially due to the outreach throughout the entire country, is unprecedented. These measures include greater scrutiny at metro and railway stations as well as the deployment of plainclothes officers into the population.

Xi’s Legacy and the Party Congress (2017-10-16)
(East Asia Forum, By the Editorial Board) For China to deal with its new circumstances and responsibilities in the world one thing is clear: the Party will have to change again or it will fail the nation’s new ambitions, including those that Xi has helped define. It may seem now that things can stay the same as they look right now but there is a powerful dynamic that says they can’t. How change is managed next will determine how and whether the CCP can continue to play a positive role in China’s future that most in China are persuaded it has thus far.

Chinese Communist Party Expels Former Justice Minister for ‘Serious Discipline Problems’ (2017-10-16)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) Former Chinese Justice Minister Wu Aiying had stepped down from her post in February, but the Chinese Communist Party revealed that she had been expelled from the Party for "serious discipline problems." The announcement comes right before the start of the 19th Party Congress. Her expulsion brings the total number of 18th Central Committee members expelled from the Party to 16.

China’s Xi Approaches a New Term With a Souring Taste for Markets (2017-10-16)
(Wall Street Journal, By Lingling Wei) Going into his second term, Mr. Xi finds relying on markets too risky and state capitalism a better model. When the Chinese leadership talks of reform today it doesn’t mean economic liberalization as it did in, say, the era of Deng Xiaoping. It means fine-tuning a government-led model.

Xi Jinping Opens China’s Party Congress, His Hold Tighter Than Ever (2017-10-17)
(New York Times, By Chris Buckley) Warning of deep and complicated changes but describing the outlook as “extremely bright,” the president is set to make himself the indispensable man.

What Will Xi Do to Deng’s Legacy? (2017-10-18)
(East Asia Forum, By Sourabh Gupta) From his commemoration of Deng’s famous economic-reform minded ‘southern tour’ to the November 2013 Third Plenum reforms to his ongoing anti-corruption campaign, Xi has styled himself as Deng’s successor in ways no party leader has over the past quarter-century. Having been anointed ‘core leader’ much before Jiang ever managed or Hu even sought, will Xi become the greatest consolidator of Deng’s political legacy? Or will he set in motion its slow unravelling?

Xi Jinping’s Marathon Speech: Five Takeaways (2017-10-18)
(New York Times, By Chris Buckley and Keith Bradsher) President Xi Jinping of China gave a 205-minute speech to open the Communist Party congress. Here is what mattered.

China's Foreign Relations

Political Struggles at Home Shape Beijing’s Meddling Abroad
 (2017-10-10)
(The Diplomat, By Sarah Cook) As individual freedoms dwindle under CCP rule in China, the government in Beijing seems to be gaining more influence outside of China as well. The two phenomena are not unrelated and seem to reveal a systematic change or pattern. As they become more common, the recognition of Chinese abilities around the world becomes an even more important issue.

The China Path vs The Western Model (2017-10-12)
(The Diplomat, By Kristin Shi-Kupfer) The Xi administration has focused on advocating a mindset of Chinese exceptionalism with a uniquely Chinese perspective. CCP propaganda promotes China as stable and safe compared to the dangerous Western powers in North America and Europe. However, the online reactions to the propaganda reveal a rather diverse set of opinions and views regarding the future of the CCP and China.

China-led AIIB Ushers in Afghanistan as China Seeks to Expand its Influence (2017-10-16)
(South China Morning Post, By Kinling Lo) The China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has formally granted Afghanistan full membership, taking the lender’s membership to 80. The Afghan finance ministry said on Saturday it received a certificate of membership from the Beijing-based multilateral bank on the sidelines of a meeting of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund in Washington.

Xi Vows Wider ‘Open Door’ Policy Amid Foreign Demands for More Market Access (2017-10-18)
(South China Morning Post, By Jane Cai and Wendy Wu) Chinese President Xi Jinping has again promised greater market access to foreign investors to shore up confidence in his country amid louder complaints from Washington to Brussels about Beijing’s protectionism. In his marathon speech at the start of the Communist Party’s twice-a-decade national congress on Wednesday, Xi said China would significantly lower the threshold for entrance to China’s markets, protect the legal interests of foreign businesses in China, and treat locally registered companies in an equal and fair way.
Fellowships and Academic Positions
Call for Applications - Fung Global Fellows Program, Princeton University

Call for applications to the Fung Global Fellows Program at the Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies (PIIRS). Six scholars from around the world will be selected to be in residence at Princeton University for an academic year and engage in research and discussion around the theme of “Interdependence.” The goal of the 2018-19 Fung Global Fellows cohort will be to explore the ways people learned to rely on or to reject strangers far away, as well as to imagine how global relationships came to be and could be different. We invite applications from scholars whose work addresses this topic in any historical period or world region and from any disciplinary background. Applications are due on November 20, 2017. To be eligible, applicants must have received their Ph.D. or equivalent no earlier than September 1, 2008. Fellowships will be awarded on the strength of a candidate’s proposed research project, the relationship of the project to the program theme, the candidate’s scholarly record and ability to contribute to the intellectual life of the program. For more information visit http://piirs.princeton.edu/funggfp/.

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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New Publication Taiwan and China: Fitful Embrace by Lowell Dittmer (ed.) (University of California Press) 
New Publication Learning from Fukushima: Nuclear Power in East Asia by Peter Van Ness and Mel Gurtov (eds.) (Australian National University Press)
New Publication Playing with Fire: The Looming War with China Over Taiwan by John Copper (Praeger Security International Series)
Upcoming Conference China Defense & Security Conference 2017 (Jamestown Foundation)
New Publication Imagining Taiwan: The Nixon Administration, the Developmental States, and South Vietnam’s Search for Economic Viability, 1969–1975 by Simon Toner (Diplomatic History)
New Publication Religion and the Regime: Cooperation and Conflict in Contemporary Russia and China by Karrie J. Koesel (World Politics)
New Publication Primordialism, Instrumentalism, Constructivism: Factors Influencing Taiwanese People’s Regime Acceptance of Mainland China’s Government by Chia-Chou Wang (Journal of Contemporary China)
TSR received a favorable review by the Foreign Affairs (July/Aug 2000)
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TSR was honored with a Four-Star rating by the Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library. 
 

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