::: TSR Weekly Report
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2017-10-09 | NO.21(40) epaper |
Note to Readers
New Publications on Taiwan, China, and East Asia

Taiwan and China: Fitful Embrace by Lowell Dittmer (ed.) (University of California Press) 

TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@princeton.edu).
 

News in Taiwan Studies

University of Nottingham has Launched Taiwan Insight

Taiwan Insight was launched in late September 2017. Taiwan Insight is an interdisciplinary on-line magazine, we hope to invite scholars/students who are interested in Taiwan to contribute their thoughts in this on-line platform. In a globalized world, we welcome friends/colleagues from all over the world to visit and contribute to Taiwan Insight.
Cross-Strait Relations
Groups Appeal For Clarification of Lee Ming-che's Status (2017-10-03)
(Taipei Times, By Lee I-chia) Since the video of Lee Ming-che's confession in court surfaced last month, no updates on his status have been released. Groups are appealing to the government to take action to ensure his safety and security. Groups wish to ensure Lee maintains his right to appeal while still enjoying human rights, a right that numerous human rights advocates have lost after detention by the CCP.

Taiwan’s Human Rights Revolution and China’s Devolution (2017-10-03)
(The Diplomat, By Margaret K. Lewis) While Taiwan has transformed into a thriving democracy abiding by international human rights norms, China has remained a one-party state where human rights do not hold much weight. Lee Ming-che's arrest and court case demonstrate China's shrinking space for free expression and advocacy of human rights. China continues to show to the world that human rights and their advocates do not have any place in Chinese society.

Cross-Strait Relations after the 19th Party Congress (2017-10-04)
(Global Taiwan Institute, By Tiffany Ma) The upcoming Party Congress will shed light on Xi’s approach to Taiwan and his legacy on cross-Strait relations. Considering his desire to be seen as a “core leader” in PRC history, it would be in line with Xi’s ambitions to seek to surpass his predecessors’ efforts to induce or coerce Taiwan towards eventual unification. For Taiwan, the post-October period could bring greater unpredictability after Xi implements his strategic direction for the country and his priorities on cross-Strait relations.

Taiwanese Warned over Taking Up Political Posts on Mainland China (2017-10-05)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taipei’s cross-strait affairs agency has warned that any Taiwanese nationals serving in official, military and political posts on mainland China would be subject to penalties under the island’s law. Chiu Chui-cheng, vice-chairman of Taiwan’s Mainland Affairs Council, made the remarks in a statement on Thursday after a Taiwan-born professor was named as a delegate to the Communist Party’s upcoming national congress. But anyone who gave up their Taiwanese nationality to become a mainland citizen would not be in breach of the law if they took up such a post, Chiu said.

SEF, Chinese Counterpart Maintain Cordial Contact: Official (2017-10-06)
(CNA) The Chairman of the Taiwan Straits Exchange Foundation Tien Hung-mao said despite the lack of official communication across the Taiwan Strait, there is still cordial communication, citing that the SEF Deputy Secretary-General Luo Huai-jia has exchanged phone calls with his counterpart in the Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS).

MAC Denies Cut in Quota for Chinese Independent Tourists (2017-10-06)
(CNA) The Mainland Affairs Council countered accusations that it was at fault for the decline in Chinese tourism by saying it has increased the quota for independent visitors from China from 5,000 to 6,000 a day. However, the ratio of entry visa denials has increased to 1.48 percent of applicants as opposed to 0.8 percent in 2014.

No Information on Imminent Cross-Strait War: Premier (2017-10-06)
(CNA) Premier William Lai said in a Legislative hearing that there is no information indicating a possible conflict across the Taiwan Strait. He said this kind of discussion only causes unnecessary concern. Both sides are aware of the benefits of peaceful cross-strait relations, so both sides are trying to maintain the status quo.

Moriarty Hails Tsai on Cross-Strait Links (2017-10-06)
(Taipei Times, By Nadia Tsao and Jonathan Chin) Chairman of the American Institute in Taiwan James Moriarty said President Tsai Ing-wen is a pragmatic and responsible leader. The United States is attempting to avoid miscalculations and maintain constructive dialogue with Taiwan so as to not change the status quo.

Can a Taiwanese Be The Delegate of China’s 19th Party Congress? (2017-10-06)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) Lu Li’an, an academic born in Taiwan, was recently elected to be a delegate to the CCP's 19th Party Congress, and her election triggered a cross-strait debate over whether Taiwanese-born citizens were allowed to be delegates to the Congress. While China has traditionally allowed Taiwanese representatives to be present at the Congress, they have historically been born on the Mainland and have represented Taiwan, while Lu was born in Taiwan. Taiwan's Mainland Affairs Council is currently investigating Lu's citizenship status and legal affairs involving her ties to China and Taiwan.

MAC Rebuts Allegations of Restricting Chinese Visits (2017-10-07)
(CNA) The Mainland Affairs Council denied the allegations of reducing the number of visas issued to Chinese citizens crossing the Taiwan Strait, instead asserting that they have increased quotas to allow for more visitors to come. An official in the Council stated that the MAC was firmly committed to improving cross-strait tourism and travel. However, KMT Legislator Apollo Chen claimed that the number of denied Chinese visa applications had doubled in past years.

Xi Might Give Taiwan Deadline: Bush (2017-10-08)
(CNA) According to former American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) chairman Richard Bush, Chinese President Xi Jinping might push for a deadline for a resolution with Taiwan during the 19th Party Congress. One possible reason is to convey a sense of urgency regarding the matter or widen China's options for coercive direction.

Taiwan Warned Choice of Pro-Independence Premier Will See Relations with Mainland China Worsen over Next Three Years (2017-10-09)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan’s relations with the mainland are likely to sour further over the next three years due mainly to the island’s recent appointment of a hardline pro-independence politician as premier, Wang Zaixi, a former deputy director of the State Council’s Taiwan Affairs Office, has warned. Wang also warned that if the island authorities insisted on pushing for independence, it would only accelerate the pace of cross-strait unification.

Renewed Calls for Official Government Use of "China" (2017-10-09)
(Taipei Times, By Chung Li-hua) The government has received calls to stop using terms such as "mainland" to describe the continental side of the Taiwan Strait, instead favoring terms such as "China." This has been an internationally accepted name, but using the name "China" would effectively put an end to the "one country, two areas" framework in place for decades. Premier William Lai has exclusively referred to the area as "China," in contrast to his predecessor, who used terms such as "the mainland."

Taiwan Will Not ‘Bow to Pressure from the Mainland’ but Seeks to Maintain Peace (2017-10-10)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen said the old path of confrontation was over and vowed to maintain her commitment to the cross-strait status quo in a carefully worded National Day address on Tuesday that avoided provoking Beijing ahead of its party congress next week. Tsai, of the independence-leaning Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), also reiterated her message of a year ago that “we will not change our goodwill, our commitments, nor will we revert to the old path of confrontation”. But she again said the island would not bow to pressure from the mainland, referring to Beijing’s suspension of cross-strait talks and exchanges, and luring away two of its allies – Sao Tome and Principe, and Panama – to force her to accept the “1992 consensus” and its “one China” principle.

The Impact of Direct Presidential Elections on Cross-Strait Relations (2017-10-11)
(Taipei Forum, By Dr. Su Chi) The direct presidential election of 1996 ushered in a new era and advanced democratization in the Republic of China (ROC or Taiwan). Since that time, six elections have been held in Taiwan in which all eligible voters could cast one vote directly in favor of the presidential candidate of his or her choice. However, an examination of the past twenty years reveals some major shortcomings in the new electoral system, particularly its impact on cross-strait relations.

Beijing’s Former Envoy to the United Nations Takes Up Taiwan Role (2017-10-11)
(South China Morning Post, By Kristin Huang) China’s former ambassador to the United Nations has taken up a new role as a deputy head of the country’s Taiwan policymaking body, part of a personnel shake-up ahead of the Communist Party’s five-yearly national congress next week. Liu Jieyi, China’s ambassador to the United Nations from August 2013 until last month, took up the position at the Taiwan Affairs Office (TAO) on Wednesday, according to the office’s website.
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan's Domestic Politics

Taipei Forum Report on U.S. Politics and Asia-Pacific Policy under President Trump (2017-07-28)
(Taipei Forum) To better understand U.S. politics and Asia-Pacific policy under President Trump, a Taipei Forum Foundation delegation visited New York and Washington D.C. in early June 2017. The following reportcontains information and perspectives from the conversations between the group and U.S. officials and experts and is divided into six parts: current U.S. domestic politics, foreign policy making in the Trump administration, U.S.-China relations, U.S.-Taiwan relations, Taiwan’s major challenges, and the North Korea nuclear issue. A Chinese version of the report is available here.

KMT to Counter 'Evil Force' With Own Double Ten Event (2017-10-04)
(Taipei Times, By Stacy Hsu) The Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) has announced an alternate event to counter the "evil force" it thinks is trying to remove the Republic of China from the celebrations, referring to pro-Taiwan independence groups in society. This alternate event is titled "Love Your National Flag, Love Your Country."

Pro-Beijing Activists Jailed for Damaging Japanese-Era Statues in Taiwan (2017-10-06)
(Kyodo) A Taiwanese court has jailed four pro-Beijing activists for vandalising a pair of stone komainu, or lion-dog, statues dating back to the Japanese colonial period. The Shilin District Court sentenced both Lee Cheng-lung and his female accomplice, Chiu Chin-wen, to five months in prison, and two others to four months’ imprisonment. They have the right to appeal to a higher court.

Public to Decide on Territory: Premier (2017-10-07)
(CNA) Premier William Lai stated that the public should decide whether to constitutionally redefine what the national territory of the Republic of China is. The current Constitution splits the Republic of China into a "free area," which is the island of Taiwan, and a "Mainland area," defined as Mainland China. The Premier, a vocal proponent of Taiwanese independence, asserted that the two sides of the Taiwan Strait do not have any relation with one another.

Legislators Refloat Moving Capital to Country's South (2017-10-09)
(Taipei Times, By Cheng Hung-ta) Huang Kuo-shu yesterday brought up a recommendation from Premier William Lai to move Taiwan's capital to the south of the island, to Taichung. Lai expressed his belief that the country should have an economic hub to the north, an administrative hub in the center, and a political hub in the south of the island to balance out power. Huang further discussed the benefits that have come to other countries that have moved their capitals in the past.

Taiwan's Foreign Relations

COA Boss Optimistic on Taiwan Getting of EU Warning List
 (2017-10-03)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Chia-nan) The Minister of the Council of Agriculture is hopeful that Taiwan will be removed from the European Commission's warning list for illegal fishing. However, the executives of Greenpeace Taiwan did not share the same optimism. The European Commission issued Taiwan a warning that Taiwan was not doing enough to combat illegal fishing and has been proposing reforms and amendments to Taiwan's policies.

Cultivating the “Cultural Citizens” of Taiwan (2017-10-04)
(Global Taiwan Institute, By Sebra Yen) While external factors may have influenced the lack of understanding of Taiwan around the world, Taiwan’s Ministry of Culture is taking the lead in coordinating a unique, bottom-up effort to cultivate cultural citizens who will promote Taiwan to the world.

PacNet #72 - US China Policy Review – Thoroughly Consider Taiwan (2017-10-04)
(CSIS, By Robert Sutter) In sum, the US appears better off if Trump administration decisions impacting Taiwan are carried out on the basis of a thorough examination of the broad array of US priorities at stake in relations with Taiwan. Following inertia of recent past administrations’ policy, swinging from one side to the other, or negotiating deals in accord with Chinese leaders’ intent on weakening Taiwan short-change those interests.

Forum on Regional Cooperation to be Held Next Week (2017-10-04)
(CNA) Taiwan is preparing to host a forum that is meant to improve relationships with countries in its New Southbound Policy. This forum will be titled "Yushan Forum: Asian Dialogue for Innovation Progress" and is intended to go beyond only discussions of geopolitics.

Singapore-Taiwan Military Agreement to Stay in Place Despite Pressure from Beijing (2017-10-05)
(South China Morning Post, By Liu Zhen) Singapore has no reason to end its military training programme with Taiwan even though the city state has strengthened military ties with Beijing, sources and observers say. The city state will step up defence cooperation with China, but it is not in Singapore’s interest to give up its military ties with Taiwan because of pressure from Beijing, they said.

Tourist Numbers Can Top Last Year's Record: Hochen (2017-10-05)
(CNA) The Minister of Transportation and Communications stated that tourism numbers in Taiwan may be greater than those of last year despite a slump in the industry earlier this year. The Minster noted the increase in Chinese tourists for August compared to last year.He also pointed out that he expects more tourists to arrive from Southeast Asia due to the effects of the New Southbound Policy.

Holy See Reaffirms Its Partnership with ROC (2017-10-07)
(CNA, The Vatican) The Holy See reaffirmed its commitment to the Republic of China in a speech at a banquet celebrating the ROC's National Day. Taiwan and the Holy See have held diplomatic relations since 1942. Vatican Secretary for Relations with States Archbishop Paul Gallagher said that the Holy See would support any efforts for dialogue Taiwan would make on the global stage.

New Policy Seeks Integration With SE Asia: Adviser (2017-10-07)
(CNA) A presidential adviser stated that the New Southbound Policy was Taiwan's attempt to build more ties with South and Southeast Asia instead of solely focusing on Northeast Asia. The adviser also announced the Yushan Forum, a multilateral dialogue founded for cooperation, which would be launched on Wednesday. The adviser stated that the New Southbound Policy differs from China's path of building ties with countries, which he described as a new form of "economic colonialism."

PLA, Military Balance and Arms Sales
Xi Jinping Presses Military Overhaul, and Two Generals Disappear (2017-10-11)
(New York Times, By Chris Buckley and Steven Lee Myers) Ahead of a Communist Party congress that will install a new generation of military leaders, China’s president moves to cement his influence and make changes.
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

China Protests over US Navy Patrol in Contested South China Sea Waters (2017-10-11)
(South China Morning Post, By Liu Zhen) China has protested against a US Navy warship’s passage near contested islands in the South China Sea, vowing to take action to protect Beijing’s interests in the area. The warning from Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying on Wednesday came a day after US guided-missile destroyer USS Chafee sailed within 16 nautical miles of the Paracel Islands, which are claimed by Beijing, Taipei and Hanoi. Hua said the mission was dangerous and violated China’s sovereignty, prompting Beijing to send military vessels and fighter jets to warn off the Chafee.

The Korean Peninsula

The Potential Impact on Taiwan of a Second Korean War
 (2017-10-04)
(Global Taiwan Institute, By Dennis Halpin) The political destiny of Taiwan was greatly impacted by the 1950 conflict in Korea following the withdrawal of Chinese Nationalist forces to Taiwan the year before. President Truman sent the US 7th Fleet to the Taiwan Strait immediately after the outbreak of the Korean War, effectively blocking Mao’s plans for a cross-Strait invasion. With the specter of a possible second Korean conflict, history could repeat itself with severe economic and even potential security consequences for Taiwan and its people.

Beyond THAAD: the Real Reason Why China is Angry with South Korea (2017-10-08)
(South China Morning Post, By Ivan Tselichtchev) But this stage of the complementarity-driven expansion of economic ties seems to be over, giving way to rivalry. Having increased its exposure to China, the export-oriented South Korean economy is grappling with the “China challenge” rather than capitalising on the “China opportunity”. Chinese companies are directly competing with their South Korean counterparts in the areas where the latter used to dominate.

North Korean Leader Hails Nuclear Arsenal as ‘Powerful Deterrent’ (2017-10-08)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) Kim Jong-un struck a defiant tone after President Trump said diplomacy had failed to end the crisis. And South Korean officials were worried that the North would conduct a major test Tuesday.

Kim Jong-un of North Korea, in Rare Show of Confidence, Promotes His Sister (2017-10-09)
(New York Times, By Russell Goldman) The sister, Kim Yo-jong, who is the only one of Mr. Kim’s siblings active in his government, was made an alternate member of the Politburo.

North Korean Hackers Stole U.S.-South Korean Military Plans, Lawmaker Says (2017-10-10)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-Hun) Among the data stolen in a hack last year was a plan to remove the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, referred to as a “decapitation” plan.

Other Regional Issues

US Leadership in Asia and the Future of Geopolitics (2017-10-11)
(The Diplomat, By Mercy A. Kuo) Jamie Fly, Senior Fellow and Director of the Future of Geopolitics and Asia programs at the German Marshall Fund of the United States, offers his insights into the future of geopolitics from a US perspective, especially in regards to Asia.

U.S. Helicopter Crashes on Okinawa, Adding to Safety Concerns
 (2017-10-11)
(New York Times, By Motoko Rich) Residents of the area have been protesting the placement of landing pads near civilians

U.S.-China Relations
In the US–AU–China Love Triangle, Actions Speak Louder than Words (2017-10-11)
(East Asia Forum, By James Laurenceson) To be sure, Australia has plenty of reasons to prioritise its relationship with the United States — shared values like a liberal democracy and a number of common security interests for a start. And it might be easier for Australian policymakers if the United States were also the country’s most important economic partner. But wishful thinking serves as a poor basis for pursuing the national interest and the reality is that this distinction is now held by China.
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

China’s 19th Party Congress: Political Precedent and the Politburo Standing Committee (2017-10-04)
(The Diplomat, By Andrei Lungu) Given certain precedents, Chinese politics are actually more predictable than they seem despite the CCP's relatively secretive nature. One can use these precedents to make a prediction of the CCP and the Politburo's structure following the end of the 19th Party Congress. The precedents in question are not rules that will be followed to the dot, but they are pattens that have held true for the last four party congresses and may very well hold true for the next.

The Chinese Communist Party: Candid and Transparent? (2017-10-06)
(The Diplomat, By David Gitter) Within English-language publications, the Chinese Communist Party makes a determined effort to appear secretive and calculating and spreads just enough information about its inner workings to allow the world to interpret the information in multiple ways. However, in Chinese-language publications, the CCP is quite open with its goals and ambitions when directed towards educating those within CCP bureaucracy. As a result, propaganda pieces written in Chinese may have a different insight into CCP workings.

Chinese Industrial Policy Up for Grabs (2017-10-09)
(East Asia Forum, By the Editorial Board) The debate that rages now over what to do about the northeast rust belt is central to the course of China’s industrial future. Now, as in the past, for Chinese reforms to be successful, they need to be pursued with both social stability and the global market in mind. Without that, the benefits are likely to only be short-lived.

Ruling Elite of China’s Communist Party Makes Final Preparations for Five-Yearly Congress (2017-10-11)
(Reuters) China’s Communist Party opened a meeting on Wednesday to make final preparations for a key congress next week at which President Xi Jinping is expected to further tighten his grip on power. The seventh plenary session of the party’s Central Committee will review draft reports on the work of the party, its discipline and anti-corruption commission, and amendments to be made to the party’s constitution, all of which will be delivered at the 19th party congress – a twice-a-decade event – that opens on October 18, Xinhua reported.

China Names New Leaders of Anti-Corruption Agencies at Financial Regulators (2017-10-11)
(Reuters) China’s Communist Party has named new top officials to lead anti-corruption agencies at the country’s banking and insurance regulators as it makes final preparations for a twice-a-decade party congress later this month.

Beijing and Hong Kong

Hong Kong Seeks Closer Ties with Mainland for Belt and Road Plan (2017-10-11)
(South China Morning Post, By Denise Tsang) Hong Kong will seek to be part of the Chinese national development plan instead of being a solo entity in the Belt and Road Initiative, according the city’s top official. In her maiden policy address on Wednesday, Chief Executive Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor said Hong Kong planned to sign an agreement with the Chinese state planning agency, the National Development Reform Commission (NDRC), to have the city included as part of the nationwide development blueprint for the mainland’s global commerce and trade initiative.

China's Foreign Relations

A New Zealand Lawmaker’s Spy-Linked Past Raises Alarms on China’s Reach
 (2017-10-04)
(New York Times, By Charlotte Graham) The disclosures about the lawmaker raised questions about Beijing’s influence in New Zealand and whether political parties properly vet their candidates.

Belt and Road Plan Shouldn’t Be Globalisation with Chinese Characteristics, Ambassador Says (2017-10-06)
(South China Morning Post, By Catherine Wong) Beijing should let other nations join its belt and road globalisation drive on an equal footing rather than it being a China-centric campaign, Germany’s ambassador to China said. “We welcome the ‘Belt and Road Initiative’ because it strengthens globalisation. But it is globalisation with Chinese characteristics, meaning it’s a Sino-centric project,” Michael Clauss told the South China Morning Post, referring to the trade and infrastructure plan spanning Asia, Africa and Europe.

Philippines Sorry for ‘Grievous’ Error that Saw it Use Taiwan Symbol in Ceremony with Chinese Military (2017-10-09)
(South China Morning Post, By Kristin Huang) The Philippines apologised to China on Monday for a “grievous but purely unintentional” mistake after it used a Taiwanese logo at a ceremony to receive arms and ammunition from Beijing.

With US Poised to Slash Foreign aid, China in Pole Position to Become World’s Biggest Donor (2017-10-11)
(South China Morning Post, By Kinling Lo) China could soon surpass the United States to become the world’s biggest aid donor in the developing world, according to US-based researchers. Between 2000 and 2014, China gave almost US$354.4 billion in aid and other forms of support to 140 countries, according to research published on Wednesday by AidData, a US-based project that tracks flows of development assistance. The US spent a corresponding US$394.6 billion in the same period.
Fellowships and Academic Positions
Call for Applications - Fung Global Fellows Program, Princeton University

Call for applications to the Fung Global Fellows Program at the Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies (PIIRS). Six scholars from around the world will be selected to be in residence at Princeton University for an academic year and engage in research and discussion around the theme of “Interdependence.” The goal of the 2018-19 Fung Global Fellows cohort will be to explore the ways people learned to rely on or to reject strangers far away, as well as to imagine how global relationships came to be and could be different. We invite applications from scholars whose work addresses this topic in any historical period or world region and from any disciplinary background. Applications are due on November 20, 2017. To be eligible, applicants must have received their Ph.D. or equivalent no earlier than September 1, 2008. Fellowships will be awarded on the strength of a candidate’s proposed research project, the relationship of the project to the program theme, the candidate’s scholarly record and ability to contribute to the intellectual life of the program. For more information visit http://piirs.princeton.edu/funggfp/.

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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New Publication Taiwan and China: Fitful Embrace by Lowell Dittmer (ed.) (University of California Press) 
New Publication Learning from Fukushima: Nuclear Power in East Asia by Peter Van Ness and Mel Gurtov (eds.) (Australian National University Press)
New Publication Playing with Fire: The Looming War with China Over Taiwan by John Copper (Praeger Security International Series)
Upcoming Conference China Defense & Security Conference 2017 (Jamestown Foundation)
New Publication Imagining Taiwan: The Nixon Administration, the Developmental States, and South Vietnam’s Search for Economic Viability, 1969–1975 by Simon Toner (Diplomatic History)
New Publication Religion and the Regime: Cooperation and Conflict in Contemporary Russia and China by Karrie J. Koesel (World Politics)
New Publication Primordialism, Instrumentalism, Constructivism: Factors Influencing Taiwanese People’s Regime Acceptance of Mainland China’s Government by Chia-Chou Wang (Journal of Contemporary China)
TSR received a favorable review by the Foreign Affairs (July/Aug 2000)
The Best of Asia-Pacific Web Award
TSR was honored with a Four-Star rating by the Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library. 
 

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