::: TSR Weekly Report
2017-10-02 | NO.21(39) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
Experts Urge New Cross-Strait Model (2017-09-26)
(CNA) At a music festival on Sunday featuring singers from Taipei and Shanghai, one participant called National Taiwan University "Taipei City Taiwan University," sparking tensions between the two rival groups. Students and pro-unification groups then got into verbal altercations that turned violent, and three students were injured. In response to this, Tung Li-wen, a researcher at Taiwan Thinktank, said cross-strait relations must find a middle path rather than extremes.  

DPP is Duty-Bound to Establish Official Communications with China: Su Chi
(CNA) Former National Security Council secretary-general Su Chi stated that the DPP has an obligation to establish official communications with the PRC government. The DPP refuses to acknowledge the 1992 Consensus, without which the DPP cannot hope to communicate effectively with China, according to Su. Meanwhile, the KMT has an interpretation of the Consensus in which they acknowledge the existence of one China, but the KMT and the CCP have differing interpretations on what "one China" means.

CPC Sale Might Have PLA Links (2017-09-27)
(Taipei Times, By Chen Wei-han) A DPP lawmaker accused CEFC China Energy Co, who bought a large stake in one CPC Corp Taiwan's projects, of having ties to the People's Liberation Army, which would in turn give the entire project over to the Chinese. CPC gained popularity in Taiwan after discovering a large crude oil deposit in 2011, which gave lots of power to Taiwan's oil supply. While CEFC has stated that it will not challenge CPC leadership, several high-ranking members have PLA connections, casting shadows of doubt.

Premier's Remarks Dangerous, Reveal Scheme: KMT (2017-09-28)
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin) Premier William Lai's statements supporting Taiwanese independence is seen to be exploiting the nation's official name, according to the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT). Legislators in the party believe as Premier, Lai needs to be more careful about what he says, for his political beliefs could get Taiwan into war.

Duterte Blames Taiwanese, HK Gangs for Drug Problem (2017-09-28)
(CNA) The Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has blamed the Taiwan-based Bamboo Union and the Hong Kong-based 14K Triad to be behind the recent proliferation of drugs in the Philippines. Taiwan's New Southbound Policy strengthens Taiwan's collaboration with other nations to crack down on international and organized crime, and therefore did not disagree with Duterte's statement. The Taipei Economic and Cultural Office, however, rejected Duterte's claims, stating that Taiwan does not ship drugs to the Philippines.

Tsai Talks About Challenges (2017-09-29)
(Taipei Times, By Chen Wei-han) In front of an audience of diplomats and international business representatives from 43 countries, President Tsai Ing-wen said Taiwan would not be where it is without support from the international community. She proceeded to ask for continued support regarding Taiwan's international participation.

William Lai in Hot Water After 'Pragmatic Independence Advocator' Comment (2017-09-29)
(China Post) After his comments supporting Taiwan independence, Premier William Lai urged lawmakers to no longer question is personal stance on the issue. He agrees that he should not have expressed his personal opinion on independence given his position as premier, but that it would have been disrespectful to ignore the lawmakers' questions. Further, Lai noted that what he expressed was also the opinion of a majority of Taiwanese people.

Tsai Invites Pope to Visit, Pledges Support for Peace (2017-09-30)
(CNA) President Tsai Ing-wen has invited Pope Francis to visit Taiwan, supporting the Vatican's humanitarian efforts around the world. The 24th World Congress of the Apostleship of the Sea is to be held in Kaohsiung throughout this following week, and President Tsai has expressed the significance of the Vatican's decision to hold it in Taiwan.

Taiwan Seeks Visa Reciprocity from Manila (2017-09-30)
(CNA) The Ministry of Foreign Affairs hopes Taiwan and the Philippines will develop a reciprocal arrangement on visas to eliminate what is currently perceived by members of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as unequal treatment between Taipei and Manila. A plan had previously been approved to allow visitors from the Philippines to visit Taiwan for 14 days without a visa.

Taipei Looks to Start EPA Talks with Japan (2017-09-30)
(CNA) Taiwan plants to create an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with Japan but has not yet determined a timeline for doing so. The two nations are scheduled to meet to discuss economic and trade issues in mid-November and then again to discuss maritime affairs.

Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
William Lai Explains Stance on Taiwan Independence in First Legislative Yuan Appearance (2017-09-26)
(China Post) At his first appearance in the Legislative Yuan, Premier William Lai noted that both China and Taiwan are sovereign nations not subordinate to the other. Taiwan is already a sovereign called the Republic of China and therefore does not need a separate declaration of independence. 

Taipei Leg of Pacific Islands Leadership Training Commences (2017-09-26)
(CNA) Taipei began its annual training program for young leaders from the Pacific islands, training participants from ten nations in the region for careers in the private or public sector. The Deputy Director of the American Institute in Taiwan Robert Forden said Taiwan is a regional leader in economic and social development and is willing to help its regional partners by sharing its expertise.

Allies Speak For Taiwan at UN General Assembly (2017-09-27)
(CNA) At the UN General Assembly Session in New York, 15 out of Taiwan's 20 diplomatic allies voiced their support for Taiwan. Taiwan had made three demands to the General Assembly before this year's session, urging the nations to remember the population of Taiwan and their contributions to the international community. Taiwan has not had UN representation since the Republic of China withdrew its membership after the UN recognized the People's Republic of China government as the sole Chinese government.

Allies Support Taiwan by Signing Joint Letter to UN (2017-09-29)
(CNA) Twelve of Taiwan's diplomatic allies sent a joint letter to the UN Secretary-General supporting Taiwan's request to have a more active role in the organization. The letter demanded the UN practice true universality and end its measures that prevent Taiwan from entering the UN. The twelve allies were Nauru, Belize, the Marshall Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Swaziland, the Solomon Islands, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Tuvalu, Kiribati, Burkina Faso, Haiti, and El Salvador.

Why Are So Many Hongkongers Moving to Taiwan?
(South China Morning Post, By Nick Westra) In the 10 years up to the end of 2016, Taiwan granted permanent residency to 6,652 people from Hong Kong and Macau. One in three of those residencies were granted in the final two years of that period. Visitors from the two Special Administrative Regions have also surged, increasing nearly fourfold from 2006 to more than 1,350,000 in 2015.

Singapore ‘Assures’ Taiwan that Military Training Agreement Will Stay, Taipei Says
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan said on Monday that it had been assured by Singapore that a long-term military agreement between the two sides would remain in place. “[Singapore said] everything would be the same as usual,” Taiwan’s Foreign Minister David Lee said in reference to Project Starlight, a deal signed more than 40 years ago that involves Singaporean troops travelling to Taiwan for military training and joint exercises. His comments came amid speculation that improving relations between China and Singapore might lead to the city state terminating the arrangement, which has long been a thorn in Beijing’s side.

"Nation" Missing on National Day Invites: Official (2017-10-01)
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin) Invitations for the Double Ten National Day this year do not contain the nation's flag and name, according to KMT Culture and Communications Committee deputy director-general Hung Meng-kai. He says that this was deliberately done to discredit the ROC and push an agenda of Taiwanese independence. Past years' invitations have included both the nation's name and flag.

PLA, Military Balance and Arms Sales
Taiwan Navy Officers Jailed Over Deadly Missile Accident (2017-09-30)
(South China Morning Post) Three naval officers in Taiwan were handed jail terms ranging from 14 months to two years on Saturday over the accidental launch of a missile that killed a fisherman and injured three others in waters off Penghu county last year, the Central News Agency reported. The officers were found guilty of negligence causing death while on duty, the Kaohsiung District Court said in its verdict.

Ministry Inks Deal for 285 Sets of Mk44 Chain Guns (2017-09-30)
(Taipei Times, By Lo Tien-pin and Jake Chung) Taiwan signed a deal with the United States company Orbital ATK, purchasing 285 sets of Mk44 chain guns meant to increase the precision and durability of the Ministry of National Defense's weapons.

China’s First 5th Generation Fighter Jet Is Operational (2017-10-02)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) A spokesperson from the Chinese Ministry of National Defense announced that the first fifth-generation fighter jet has officially been commissioned into service. The aircraft is designed for use in long-range fighting missions. However, there are still several hurdles that must be cleared before the jet will become fully operational.
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
The Korean Peninsula

All North Korean Firms and Joint Ventures in China to be Closed (2017-09-28)
(South China Morning Post, By Liu Zhen and Kristin Huang) China announced on Thursday that all North Korean firms and joint ventures in China would be closed, as part of the latest sanctions imposed on Pyongyang over its nuclear weapons programme. All existing joint ventures with North Korean firms in China, as well as entities solely owned by North Korean companies or individuals, are to be closed within 120 days from September 11, when the sanctions were adopted, a notice from the Ministry of Commerce said.

China’s Harsh Words Mask a Trade Boom With South Korea (2017-09-29)
(New York Times, By Sui-Lee Wee and Jeyup S. Kwaak) Even as China scolds Seoul for housing a U.S. missile defense system, its businesses and consumers buy up more Korean semiconductors and cosmetics.

US in Contact with North Korea and Ready to Talk, Tillerson Says
(South China Morning Post, By Laura Zhou) The United States has direct communication channels with North Korea and is investigating whether the regime is ready to enter talks on giving up its nuclear weapons programme, US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said on Saturday. Tillerson made the remarks after meeting Chinese President Xi Jinping, as officials from the two sides stepped up preparations for US President Donald Trump’s visit to Beijing in November.

China Urges Caution on North Korea as US Supercarrier Makes Hong Kong Stop
(South China Morning Post) The American supercarrier USS Ronald Reagan arrived in Hong Kong on Monday morning amid tensions over North Korea’s nuclear programme. The warship’s strike group commander, Rear Admiral Marc Dalton, said the carrier would stay in the city for four to five days before heading for “scheduled operational training”. South Korean media reported on Sunday that the vessel would take part in a joint exercise with the South Korean navy around October 15.

Stepping Back from the Brink with North Korea (2017-10-02)
(East Asia Forum, By the Editorial Board) The process of pulling back from the brink can begin with the ‘four noes’ outlined by US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson — that the United States does not seek regime change, regime collapse, an accelerated reunification of the Korean peninsula, or an excuse to send its military north of the 38th parallel. This could be followed by the ‘two suspensions’ suggested by China and Russia, whereby North Korea would suspend its nuclear and missile tests, and the United States and South Korea would suspend joint military exercises in the vicinity of the peninsula. But the ultimate goal, which gives credibility to these principles and actions, must be a comprehensive resolution of the Korean problem under the framework already established by the Six-Party Talks September 2005 agreement.

Other Regional Issues

Manila’s War on Drugs is Helping to Build Bridges Between China and Philippines
(South China Morning Post, By Richard Heydarian) First and foremost is a brutal crackdown on suspected drug dealers, a bloody campaign that has claimed the lives of thousands of individuals. The second is reviving frayed ties with China, which has been at loggerheads with the Philippines over disputed land features in the South China Sea in recent years. Interestingly, however, Duterte has deftly managed to connect the two policy priorities by welcoming help from Beijing when it comes to his campaign against illegal drugs.
U.S.-China Relations
Wilbur Ross, Fresh From China Visit, Warns of ‘Lopsided’ Trade Relationship (2017-09-27)
(New York Times, By Alexandra Stevenson) The United States commerce secretary said China’s government needed to do more to allow foreign companies to operate freely and close the trade deficit.

Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner Attend China’s National Day Reception in Washington Despite Questions over Beijing Links
(South China Morning Post, By Liu Zhen) Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner attended China’s National Day reception in Washington on Wednesday despite questions over their contacts with Beijing. The couple cancelled a planned trip to China earlier this month, which was intended to make preparations for US President Donald Trump’s visit to Beijing. Trump’s daughter and son-in-law visited the Chinese embassy in the US capital to mark the 68th anniversary of the People’s Republic at a reception that was also attended by China’s Vice-Premier Liu Yandong.

How America’s Embrace of Chinese Culture Boosts Beijing’s Soft Power (2017-09-28)
(South China Morning Post, By Robert Delaney) The upswing in interest in Chinese cultural events in recent years bodes well for Chinese Vice Premier Liu Yandong. The senior official arrived in the US this week for a series of events meant to foster more cultural exchanges between the two countries and her activities culminate in a formal US-China Social and Cultural Dialogue with Secretary of Transportation Elaine Chao and Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos in Washington.

US and China Prepare for Shift in Relations in Build-Up to Trump’s Visit to Beijing
(South China Morning Post, By Zhenhua Lu) US President Donald Trump met Chinese Vice-Premier Liu Yandong on Thursday, as officials from both nations intensify their discussions ahead of Trump’s visit to China. The increased diplomatic activity comes as both sides prepare themselves for a reset in their relationship following a reshuffle of the leadership in Beijing in October and Trump’s visit the following month.

Facebook Blocks Chinese Billionaire Who Tells Tales of Corruption (2017-10-01)
(New York Times, By Alexandra Stevenson) The company, which acted at a sensitive time for China, said Guo Wengui had posted personal information that violated its terms of service.
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Domestic Politics in Mainland China

Xi Jinping Tells Communist Party to Keep Innovating and Contributing to Marxism (2017-09-29)
(South China Morning Post, By Viola Zhou) Chinese President Xi Jinping has called on the ruling Communist Party to continue innovating and developing Marxism as it prepares to enshrine his thoughts in the party’s charter next month. Speaking to dozens of party leaders at a study session on Friday, Xi said the country should make original contributions to Marxist theories based on its history and experience.

Premier Li Keqiang Looks to ‘Crucial Moment’ for China
(South China Morning Post, By Catherine Wong) The upcoming party congress will be a “crucial moment” for China, Premier Li Keqiang told a reception on the eve of National Day in Beijing on Saturday. “This party congress will be held at a crucial moment for completing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all aspects and for the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics,” Li said. The premier was addressing a reception at the Great Hall of the People, just weeks before the twice-a-decade congress which will see a new leadership line-up and China’s future policy directions announced.

China’s Party-Led Rule-of-Law Regime (2017-10-02)
(East Asia Forum, By Susan Trevaskes) Over time, Party leaders have devised ways of dealing with this credibility deficit. Key to sustaining their power has been continued efforts to calibrate the legal system to function as a mechanism to constrain local-level functionaries on the one hand, and repress dissent on the other.

China's Next President: Reading the Tea Leaves of Chinese Politics (2017-09-29)
(The Diplomat, By Andrei Lungu) The narrative that President Xi Jinping will attempt to hold onto power after his term ends is based entirely on rumors and Western media reports, but no concrete evidence has surfaced, leading all information regarding this to be speculation. Xi's support of Chen Min'er's appointment to Chongqing Party Secretary also gives credence to the theory that Xi will not be seeking to maintain power, instead potentially looking for a successor. This tactic has been seen in prior years as well, just as Xi was named Party Secretary of Shanghai.

Beijing and Hong Kong

Chinese Military Features Hong Kong in Videos ‘to Lure Young Recruits’ (2017-09-28)
(South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan) The PLA’s Hong Kong garrison has featured in military videos released in an apparent attempt to attract new recruits. The People’s Liberation Army also touted its advanced training and weapons in the two clips posted on the website of its television channel on Tuesday and Thursday. But analysts said the show of military strength could also be a shot at Hong Kong and Taiwanese independence.

China's Foreign Relations

The End Game of China’s Arms Export Strategy (2017-09-27)
(East Asia Forum, By Ron Matthews and Xiaojuan Ping) First and foremost, Western strategists should not be under any illusion that export revenue is the primary goal. Rather, Beijing’s end-game is longer-term geo-political and strategic influence. The search for regional and global influence is the critical aim of Chinese economic diplomacy.

Months After Rocket Failure, China Sends Spy Satellites into Space
(South China Morning Post, By Stephen Chen) China successfully put three new reconnaissance satellites into orbit using a Long March-2C rocket on Friday – its first launch in nearly three months. All launch activities had been put on hold after two failures in June and July that have delayed Beijing’s ambitious space programme, which includes lunar exploration. The three Yaogan-30 satellites were launched from a centre in Sichuan province. They will join a larger probe launched in May last year to form a constellation to “monitor electromagnetic signals” and other unspecified missions, state news agency Xinhua reported.

China and Japan Revive Goodwill Gestures to Mark Diplomatic Milestone (2017-09-29)
(South China Morning Post, By Liu Zhen) China and Japan have extended olive branches to mark the 45th anniversary of their diplomatic relations, with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe making a rare appearance at an event hosted by the Chinese embassy in Tokyo. Abe and Chinese Premier Li Keqiang also exchanged congratulatory messages, the first time that leaders at that level had done so in a decade.

China Completes Registration of 8,000-Strong UN Peacekeeping Force, Defence Ministry Says (2017-09-29)
(South China Morning Post, By Sarah Zheng) China is set to play a bigger role in United Nations peacekeeping missions while also providing its military with real-life training opportunities after completing the registration of 8,000 troops last week, analysts said. As required, the standby peacekeeping force would “conduct task-specific and adaptive training in accordance with the UN training standards,” China’s defence ministry spokesman Wu Qian said on Thursday.

China’s Djibouti Military Base: ‘Logistics Facility’, or Platform for Geopolitical Ambitions Overseas?
(South China Morning Post, By Sarah Zheng) Chinese troops at the country’s only overseas military base conducted their first live-fire exercises last week in Djibouti on the Horn of Africa, near some of the world’s busiest shipping routes. Beijing has described its military outpost as a logistics facility for resupplying Chinese vessels on peacekeeping and humanitarian missions. But satellite imagery and unofficial reports show the base has military infrastructure, including barracks and storage and maintenance units, and docking facilities that can handle most vessels in its naval fleet.

War of the Dragons: Why North Korea Does Not Trust China (2017-09-29)
(The Diplomat, By Franz-Stefan Gady) While Kim Jong-un is vocal about his negative perception of the Chinese government, his country remains to be a client state of China, although this runs contrary to the mistrust that China and North Korea has historically shared. The Sino-Vietnamese War of 1979 suggests to North Korea that no matter how close relations become between the two countries, China cannot be trusted not to attack a friend. The war demonstrated that China was willing to go to any lengths, including attacking allies, to further its own national interests.
New Articles and Books on Taiwan and East Asia
Learning from Fukushima: Nuclear Power in East Asia by Peter Van Ness and Mel Gurtov (eds.) (Australian National University Press)
Playing with Fire: The Looming War with China Over Taiwan by John Copper (Praeger Security International Series)
Upcoming Conferences and Symposia
China Defense & Security Conference 2017 (Jamestown Foundation)

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New Publication China's Strategic Multilateralism: Investing in Global Governance by Scott L. Kastner, Margaret M. Pearson, and Chad Rector (Cambridge University Press)
New Publication A New Era in Democratic Taiwan: Trajectories and Turning Points in Politics and Cross-Strait Relations, Edtied by Jonathan Sullivan and Chun-Yi Lee (Routledge)
New Publication Assessing the Presidency of Ma Ying-jiu in Taiwan: Hopeful Beginning, Hopeless End? Edited by André Beckershoff and Gunter Schubert (Routledge)
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New Publication Taiwan at a Tipping Point: The Democratic Progressive Party's Return to Power by John F. Copper (Rowman and Littlefield)
New Publication Taiwan and China: Fitful Embrace by Lowell Dittmer (ed.) (University of California Press) 
New Publication Learning from Fukushima: Nuclear Power in East Asia by Peter Van Ness and Mel Gurtov (eds.) (Australian National University Press)
New Publication Playing with Fire: The Looming War with China Over Taiwan by John Copper (Praeger Security International Series)
Upcoming Conference China Defense & Security Conference 2017 (Jamestown Foundation)
New Publication Imagining Taiwan: The Nixon Administration, the Developmental States, and South Vietnam’s Search for Economic Viability, 1969–1975 by Simon Toner (Diplomatic History)
New Publication Religion and the Regime: Cooperation and Conflict in Contemporary Russia and China by Karrie J. Koesel (World Politics)
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