::: TSR Weekly Report
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2017-07-18 | NO.21(28) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
Does Taipei Still Hold Taiwan Is Part of the Republic of China? (2017-07-13)
(The Diplomat, By Charlotte Gao) Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs has deleted a page off its website that detailed Taiwan's status as a territory of the Republic of China. This removal of historical information detailing its international status threatens cross-strait relations as it draws ire from Taiwanese officials and mainland China objects to the decision. The removal of the page may suggest a change in the "one China principle," one that President Tsai Ing-wen's administration has not officially endorsed by not announcing support for the 1992 Consensus, and it also may suggest the further deterioration of cross-strait relations.

Taiwan President Mourns Liu Xiaobo, Says China Won't Be Great Until it Accepts His Ideas
 (2017-07-14)
(China Post) In a statement on the passing of Chinese dissident Liu Xiabo, Tsai Ing-wen referred to the "Chinese Dream," a phrase popularized by Xi Jinping regarding a strong Communist Party, but Tsai used it in a context of increased human rights and democracy within China. She noted that only in a context of democracy can Chinese people have freedom and can China become an important country.

Chinese Warships No Longer in ADIZ: Defense Ministry (2017-07-14)
(CNA) Chinese warships that had sailed into Taiwan's Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) earlier on Wednesday have left the Taiwan Strait. This was the Chinese aircraft carrier's second round-trip through the Taiwan Strait in just over six months, the last time being in late December to reach the location of Chinese military exercises.

Lack of Cross-Strait Dialogue a Concern: AIT (2017-07-15)
(CNA) The US is aware of the political constraints that President Tsai Ing-wen’s administration faces in dealing with China, but there is a degree of concern over the lack of cross-strait dialogue, American Institute in Taiwan (AIT) Chairman James Moriarty said on Thursday. Moriarty added that there is a big difference in the Tsai administration’s handling of certain issues compared with that of the previous Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) government more than a decade ago.

MAC Denies Plan to Ban Three Types of Chinese Visitors (2017-07-16)
(CNA) MAC reported it will be reviewing its regulations on visits by Chinese, but denied the report that stated it is planning on banning three types of Chinese visitors. The MAC Deputy Minister Chiu Chui-cheng said no Chinese academics have been denied from visiting Taiwan, and that it is adjusting measures on cross-strait exchanges seen as necessary after Panama switched diplomatic recognition away from Taipei.

DPP Cities’ Officials Barred from Shanghai Forum (2017-07-17)
(Taipei Times, By Huang Chung-shan) Officials from Taichung and Taoyuan — which are governed by the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) — have been rejected from attending the Cross-Strait Academic Conference on Urban Traffic in Shanghai, sources said yesterday. Officials from other cities and counties not governed by the DPP were not barred, the sources said, claiming that it was another example of China’s suppression of Taiwan.

Taiwan's US Envoy Has Used a Letter on Liu Xiaobo to the Washington Post to Call for Lee Ming-che's Release (2017-07-17)
(China Post) Taipei's envoy to Washington has used a letter about Liu Xiaobo in the Washington Post to call for the release of Taiwanese democracy activist Lee Ming-che. In the brief letter, representative Stanley Kao appears to draw a parallel between China's treatment of Liu, a democracy advocate and Nobel Peace Prize laureate who died Thursday, and Lee, who has been held by Chinese authorities since traveling to Macau in March.

China Registers Athletes for Universiade (2017-07-18)
(Taipei Times, By Lee I-chia) The spokesman of the Organizing Committee for the Taipei Universiade stated that China had applied to register 180 athletes for individual sports after speculation on whether or not it would register any at all. Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je said he was sure China would attend the Universiade, but the question was how large of a delegation and what level of athletes it would send.
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Taiwan Now Has a Visa-Waiver Deal with Paraguay (2017-07-12)
(China Post) Effective immediately, President Tsai has issued a visa-waiver agreement with Paraguay during Paraguayan President Horacio Cartes's three-day visit to Taiwan.

Foreign Minister Greets Paraguayan Delegation (2017-07-12)
(CNA) Paraguayan President Horacio Cartes arrived in Taiwan yesterday for a three-day visit. Cartes is scheduled to meet high-tech companies in Tainan and visit infrastructure projects in Kaohsiung. Taiwan Vice President Chen Chien-jen will accompany Cartes to multiple Paraguayan-themed performance events and art exhibitions.

ROC, Panama Shuttering Their Embassies Today (2017-07-12)
(CNA) The Republic of China embassy in Panama has officially closed today, and the Panama embassy in Taipei will close soon thereafter. All bilateral cooperation programs will end, but the free-trade agreement between the two will continue until a new trade agreement can be reached.

CKS? What CKS? An Official Translator Dropped Ex-President Chiang's Name from a Speech by Paraguay's Leader (2017-07-12)
(China Post) Paraguayan President Horacio Cartes mentioned former President Chiang Kai-shek's name three times in his opening speech during his visit to Taiwan, but the translator from the Foreign Ministry failed to mention Chiang's name in the translation. Instead, the translator referred to the "great people who founded the Republic of China." The context of the mention of Chiang's name is Cartes wanted to express his respect to him for the foundation of the Republic of China.

Taiwan Extends Visa-Free Entry to 10 Latin American and Caribbean Allies
 (2017-07-13)
(China Post) President Tsai Ing-wen and Taiwan's Foreign Ministry on Wednesday announced visa-free entry for citizens of its 11 diplomatic allies in Latin America and the Caribbean, effective immediately. The Foreign Ministry said the decision "demonstrated the closeness" between the R.O.C. and its allies in the region and adhered to the "principles of mutual benefit and reciprocity."

Kaohsiung Said Fit for US Navy (2017-07-13)
(Taipei Times, By Huang Hsu-lei and Jonathan Chin) The Port of Kaohsiung is technically suitable to become a US Navy port of call, as it has handled mega cargo container ships with greater hull length and draft than US carriers, a high-ranking harbor official said. On June 28, the US Senate on Armed Services Committee authorized US Navy vessels to anchor at Taiwanese ports, resulting in discussions by Kaohsiung’s port authorities about how they would prepare to receive US warships.

AIT's Chairman Isn't Optimistic That 'Dangerous' US Navy Port Calls Will Happen: Report (2017-07-13)
(China Post) American Institute in Taiwan Chairman James Moriarty said Tuesday that it would be 'dangerous' for U.S. naval vessels to visit Taiwan, according to the Central News Agency. A U.S. Senate committee passed a provision to re-establish port calls in Taiwan last month. The bill would roll back four decades of U.S. policy in Asia. Washington has deferred to China regarding navy port calls ever since switching diplomatic recognition from Taipei to Beijing.

Taiwan is Gearing Up to Ease Visa Rules for These Three Countries (2017-07-14)
(China Post) Taiwan has begun drawing up measures to allow easier access to Taiwan for visitors from Vietnam, India, and Indonesia. It is still unclear what these measures may be, but it is likely a part of Taiwan's "New Southbound Policy," which aims to improve the trade and ties between Taiwan and South and Southeast Asian countries.

Cartes Visits Revitalization Project at Kaohsiung Port (2017-07-14)
(CNA) Tsai Ing-wen accompanied Paraguayan President Horacio Cartes to the Kaohsiung Harbor in order to share the new revitalization project, aimed at improving exhibition and yacht industries. Kaohsiung Harbor has been a major player in the development of industry in Taiwan.

People Power — Not Politicians — Put Taiwan on Path to Democracy, Island’s President Says (2017-07-15)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan’s president marked the 30th anniversary of the lifting of martial law on Saturday by crediting the public rather than late leader Chiang Ching-kuo for putting the island on the path to democracy. The comments prompted the opposition Kuomintang to hit back, saying Chiang’s role in the process was undeniable.

Representative to Japan Denies Renaming 'Fine' (2017-07-16)
(Taipei Times, By Abraham Gerber) Representative to Japan Frank Hsieh denied that he had tried to changed the property registration of the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in Japan from saying "Republic of China" to "Taiwan." Rumors appeared online that Japan had fined Hsieh for this attempt. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs said there have been negotiations with Japan in order to discuss establishing diplomatic privileges.

End of Martial Law: Pan-blue Figureheads Criticize DPP on 30-year Anniversary (2017-07-16)
(Taipei Times, By Cheng Hung-ta and Shih Hsiao-kuang) Former President Ma Ying-jeou hinted that he saw autocratic tendencies in the DPP since it took office at an event marking the 30th anniversary of the lifting of martial law in Taiwan.

End of Martial Law: Citizens Drove Democratic Development: President (2017-07-16)
(Taipei Times, By Lee Hsin-fang) On the 30th anniversary of martial law being lifted in Taiwan, President Tsai Ing-wen discussed Taiwan's democracy during her speech. She hoped more young pro-localization advocates would enter politics, that political parties find a healthier way to engage in discussions, and that political parties would stop fighting each other and work toward a better future for Taiwan.

Indonesian Trade Office is Seeking to Reel in Taiwanese Investment (2017-07-17)
(The Jakarta Post/ANN) The Indonesian Economic and Trade Office (KDEI) has held a business forum in Taipei to encourage Taiwanese businesspeople to increase trade and investment in Indonesia. The July 13 event, organized by KDEI Taipei in cooperation with Indonesia's Investment Coordinating Board and CTBC Bank, aimed to showcase Indonesia's progress in improving the business climate.

If Only the Army Could Be as Competent as this Ring that Rigged its Contracts for Armored Vehicle Parts (2017-07-18)
(China Post) Officers in the Armed Forces Reserve Command colluded with 18 parts manufacturers in up to 100 bids worth NT$60 million. These officers were bribed to give information on the Army's pre-selected asking price for certain parts. They then began the bid at the military's asking price and then give various quotes above the military's budget.

Tsai Vows Help for Local Economy and Nation's Investors (2017-07-18)
(CNA) At a meeting with the Asia Taiwanese Chambers of Commerce (ATCC), President Tsai Ing-wen announced she would work to increase support for Taiwanese investors operating in the global market. Tsai stated she hoped the government's help will allow these investors to expand their economic influence and develop a wide array of industries.
PLA, Military Balance and Arms Sales
China Sends Forces to 1st Military Base Abroad, in Djibouti (2017-07-11)
(AP) China recently dispatched members of the PLA to its new base in Djibouti. Though no details on the numbers or personnel were given, the troops being deployed would travel to their destination by ship and photos showed "naval officers and marines" onboard. China says that the base will support anti-piracy, UN peacekeeping, and humanitarian aid efforts in the Horn of Africa and western Asia. It is also said to "facilitate military cooperation and joint exercises as the PLA navy and other services seek to expand their global reach in step with China's growing economic and political footprint."

China on its Air Drills Near Japan: Don't 'Make a Fuss About Nothing' (2017-07-17)
(Defense News, By Paige Williams) Last week, the PLAAF said that its aircraft flew through the Miyako Strait and Bashi Channel, its aircraft flying close to Japanese, Taiwanese, and Philippines airspace. Afterwards, the Chinese Ministry of National Defense stated that "the relevant side should not make a fuss about nothing or over-interpret, it will be fine once they get used to it," also saying that the exercises weren't directed at any country in particular. These exercises show a China that is further asserting its dominance in East Asia.
U.S.-China Relations
US Drafting Fresh Sanctions Against Chinese Firms With Ties to North Korea, Sources Say (2017-07-14)
(Reuters) Frustrated that China has not done more to rein in North Korea, the Trump administration could impose new sanctions on small Chinese banks and other firms doing business with Pyongyang within weeks, two senior US officials said. The measures would initially hit Chinese entities considered “low-hanging fruit,” including smaller financial institutions and “shell” companies linked to North Korea’s nuclear and missile programmes, said one of the officials, while declining to name the targets. It would leave larger Chinese banks untouched for now, the official said.

China Has Complained about 'Negative' Taiwan Measures in US Military Budget
 (2017-07-17)
(China Post) Beijing has lodged a stern complaint with the U.S. government over a bill that would strengthen military ties between the United States and Taiwan. The National Defense Authorization Act for the 2018 fiscal year, which the U.S. House passed Friday, supports expanded military exchanges with Taiwan and changes long-standing policy to allow U.S. Navy ships to make port calls here.

US May Impose Tariffs on Chinese Steel and Aluminium Imports Amid ‘Limited’ Progress in Trade Talks (2017-07-18)
(South China Morning Post, By Zhenhua Lu) The US could impose quotas and tariffs to further block Chinese steel and aluminium imports into the American market, in a sign of the Trump administration’s dissatisfaction and impatience with limited progress in the sides’ ongoing trade talks, observers and specialists said. US President Donald Trump labelled China’s steel and aluminium imports as “dumping” last Thursday during a flight from Washington to Paris. Trump said: “They’re dumping steel and destroying our steel industry, they’ve been doing it for decades, and I’m stopping it. It’ll stop…There are two ways - quotas and tariffs. Maybe I’ll do both."

Chinese, US Executives Call for ‘Prompt Resolution’ of Economic Rows Amid Fears of Trade War (2017-07-19)
(South China Morning Post, By Zhenhua Lu) Top executives of Chinese and American companies have urged their governments to promptly resolve trade disputes through “effective negotiation” amid concerns that the two nations are heading towards a trade war. Twenty business leaders made the appeal during the first US-China Business Leaders Summit held at the US Commerce Department in Washington on Tuesday.
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
TPP, the Trade Deal Trump Killed, Is Back in Talks Without U.S. (2017-07-14)
(New York Times, By Motoko Rich) Japan and the 10 other remaining countries in the Trans-Pacific Partnership are trying to press ahead without the United States.

South Korea Proposes Military Talks With North at Their Border
 (2017-07-17)
(New York Times, By Choe Sang-hun and David E. Sanger) Such talks would be the first in years, and the North’s reaction will be the first test of the new South Korean president’s pro-dialogue policy.

The South China Sea Seven Years On (2017-07-19)
(East Asia Forum, By Michael McDevitt) This month seven years ago at the Hanoi ASEAN Regional Forum, then secretary of state Hillary Clinton made a very public, and — for the Chinese — surprising, intervention into the South China Sea (SCS) disputes. This move implicated Washington in a way that was probably unforeseen in Washington and in the region at the time.
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
Xi Tells His Troops: 'Call Me Chairman' (2017-07-10)
(Nikkei Asian Review, By Katsuji Nakazawa) During his visit to Hong Kong during the 20th anniversary of the former British colony's return to Chinese rule, troops from the PLA Hong Kong Garrison addressed Xi Jinping as "zhuxi" (chairman), a departure from the more common "shouzhang" (leader or commander). Such a move may show that Xi seeks to establish his primacy as CCP party head and evoke an stronger image, one reminiscent of Mao.

Speculation Raised Over TAO Boss' Missing Name (2017-07-12)
(Taipei Times, By Lin Liang-sheng and Jonathan Chin) The Minister of China's Taiwan Affairs Office (TAO) Zhang Zhijun's name is not on the list of attendees for the upcoming National Congress. This could suggest that Zhang has retired, meaning TAO will undergo a change in leadership and therefore a potentially new strategic approach regarding Taiwan.

Chinese Dissident Liu Xiaobo Dies, Chinese Government Says (2017-07-13)
(dpa) Jailed activist and Nobel Peace laureate Liu Xiaobo has died at 61 due to multiple organ failure, the Chinese justice bureau and the hospital where he was being treated for terminal liver cancer said Thursday. Liu was an internationally prominent writer, activist, and Nobel Peace Prize winner who called for political reform in China and an end to the country's one-party rule. In 2009, he was sentenced to 11 years in prison for subverting state power.

Carrie Lam: A Tilt Bridge Between Hong Kongers and Beijing? (2017-07-14)
(East Asia Forum, By Steven Yet) To heal the political rift, it takes two to tango. Although the confrontational approach of localists may draw loud applause, their contributions to safeguarding the ‘two systems’ are questionable. Similarly, the short-term effects of repressing the city’s restive youth may also come at the cost of a long-term decay of government legitimacy.

Power and Influence: The Hard Edge of China's Soft Power (2017-07-14)
(Australian Broadcasting Company) This short documentary draws in interviews with business leaders, think tank experts, and government officials to explain the various ways in which China has increased its influence within Australian politics, particularly upon the Australian Labor Party (ALP) and the Australian people's view of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Chinese student groups at Australian universities have been closely monitored by the CCP, with student leaders being arrested for dispelling a negative image of the party. Members of the CCP have also turned donations into economic leverage to increase their hold on Australian politics, rescinding offers when ALP officials behave against the Party's wishes.

Ruling Threatens Hong Kong’s Independence From China (2017-07-14)
(New York Times, By Alan Wong) A court removing four lawmakers assures China greater influence over Hong Kong’s government at least until by-elections are held.

The China Factor in Global Governance (2017-07-17)
(East Asia Forum, Katherine Morton) The transition towards a more pluralistic form of global governance that is inclusive of emerging powers remains fraught with tensions. Whether the existing global framework of rules and institutions can adapt to this new paradigm will depend upon whether liberal states can work in tandem with China in tackling the core challenges facing global governance.

China Disrupts WhatsApp Service in Online Clampdown (2017-07-18)
(New York Times, By Paul Mozur) Facebook’s last major consumer product in China was partly blocked as Beijing increases its grip on the internet.

China is Being ‘Unusually Aggressive’ in Border Row (2017-07-19)
(AFP) A top Indian diplomat said China is being unusually aggressive in a month-old border dispute with India that shows no sign of easing, media reports said yesterday. Beijing has given virtually daily warnings to its neighbour over the deadlock on a remote Himalayan plateau, where Indian and Chinese troops have been in a tense face-off.

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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