::: TSR Weekly Report
2017-07-11 | NO.21(27) epaper |
Note to Readers
TSR is pleased to announce newly published books about Taiwan and East Asia on its website and in its weekly newsletter. If you're a scholar or your book is coming out from an academic press, please send the title of your book and a link to the publisher's web site to TSR's Senior Editor, James Lee (JL18@princeton.edu).
Cross-Strait Relations
Memo From Taipei: Muffled by China, Taiwan President Embraces Twitter as Megaphone (2017-07-06)
(New York Times, By Chris Horton) China has heightened its campaign to reduce Taiwan’s presence on the world stage, but President Tsai Ing-wen is trying to use the service to overcome that isolation.

EU Parliament Has Urged China to Release Taiwan's Lee Ming-che
(DPA) Taiwan's government has again called on Beijing to immediately release pro-democracy advocate Lee Ming-che, after the European Parliament passed a resolution on Thursday expressing concerns about the human rights situation in China. In the same resolution passed Thursday, the European Parliament also demanded the release of Liu Xiaobo, China's most prominent dissident and a Nobel Peace Prize winner.

William Lai Says He Still Supports Taiwan Independence
(China Post) In a radio interview Friday morning, Tainan mayor William Lai appeared to try to reassure his voter base that while he was comfortable with close cross-strait ties, he still supported Taiwan independence. Lai has tried to appeal to centrist voters in recent months by emphasizing the need to "extend a hand of friendship to China," a talking point that has generated criticism from his traditional voter base.

Prosecutors Indict Ex-Chinese Student for Espionage
(Taipei Times, By Jason Pan) Taiwanese prosecutors yesterday formally indicted former Chinese student and alleged spy Zhou Hongxu on charges of violating the National Security Act, with investigators saying that Zhou offered a Ministry of Foreign Affairs official US$10,000 to pass on classified government materials. Zhou allegedly tried to persuade the official to work for the Chinese government, and had made preparations for his recruit to travel to Japan to meet with Chinese officials.

Nigeria Acted As ‘Hired Thug’: Ministry
(Taipei Times, By Abraham Gerber) Nigeria has allowed itself to be used as China’s “hired thug,” Taiwan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs said yesterday, blasting China’s “sick mentality” toward Taiwanese diplomacy and adding that the battle for Taiwan’s representative office in the African nation has been lost.

Ko Wen-je Told China Straight-Up that Tsai Ing-wen Will be Called President, Not Leader 
(China Post) Taipei mayor Ko Wen-je reported a mainland official had requested Ko to prevent President Tsai Ing-wen from speaking onstage at the international sporting event this summer, Summer Universiade. In response, Ko said that should Tsai not be allowed to speak onstage or be denied her title of President, he would resign.

Relationship with China 'One Between Friends': Lai (2017-07-08)
(CNA) In addition to advocating for Taiwan independence, Tainan Mayor William Lai also believes the relationship between China and Taiwan is "one between friends," the two sides of the strait should seek common ground and to find affinity toward China while keeping in mind Taiwan's interests. Lai also mentioned that the only thing to be feared is that the two sides cannot unite to bring peace along the strait.

China and Taiwan Mixed Up in White House Gaffe
(BBC News) A formal statement from the White House was issued with a very public error - mixing up China and Taiwan. A press release following Donald Trump's meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping at the G20 summit called him president "of the Republic of China."

Taiwan Casts Nervous Eye as China Aircraft Carrier Liaoning Sails Near (2017-07-12)
(South China Morning Post, By Lawrence Chung) Taiwan’s military is closely watching as a convoy accompanying mainland China’s first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, sailed into the Taiwan Strait after leaving Hong Kong where it took part in the handover celebrations. The carrier, which left Hong Kong at about noon on Tuesday, entered Taiwan’s air defence identification zone at 2.40 am Wednesday, the island’s military said.
Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
What China's Stance on Hong Kong Means for US-Taiwan Relations (2017-07-05)
(The Diplomat, By Joseph Bosco) Beijing expressed its belief that the Sino-British Joint Declaration on Hong Kong to be outdated and inapplicable to the current day during celebrations for the 20th anniversary of Hong Kong's return to Chinese control. Using this as precedent, US President Donald Trump should apply the Chinese's own logic to the 1972 Shanghai Communique, which established the one China policy for the United States, and openly embrace a policy of defending Taiwan in the event of a Chinese attack. The 1972 document set a precedent for US relations with Taiwan, and its relevance must be reconsidered in light of recent developments within the newest US administration and its seemingly warmer perspective on Taiwan.

Lin Te-fu to Head Policy Committee
(Taipei Times, By Lin Liang-sheng) Lin Te-fu has been appointed to be the head of the KMT's Central Policy Committee, a move meant to ensure intra-party cooperation between the party headquarters and the KMT caucus. Currently within the KMT party there are discussions over the new history curriculum in high schools, which will focus more on East Asian history than on Chinese history. KMT officials believes this change made by DPP officials is meant to make young people support Taiwanese independence while DPP officials deny this claim.

Paraguay Leader to Celebrate Ties on Taiwan Visit (2017-07-06)
(CNA) In celebration of the 60th anniversary of diplomatic ties between Paraguay and Taiwan, President Horacio Cartes of Paraguay will lead a delegation to Taiwan next week. Meetings will occur to discuss bilateral trade and cooperation. These meetings come after Taiwan has already lost two diplomatic allies, Panama and Sao Tome, under the Tsai administration.

Seven Ambassadors Appointed to Bolster Diplomatic Efforts (2017-07-06)
(CNA) President Tsai Ing-wen has appointed seven ambassadors whose roles are to improve Taiwan's relations with other countries in fields such as environmental sustainability and public health. In addition to coordinating these exchanges, the seven ambassadors are also to direct and supervise diplomatic missions abroad.

Delegation to Visit US to Express Thanks (2017-07-06)
(Taipei Times, By Chen Yu-fu and Jonathan Chin) Taiwanese lawmakers will visit the U.S. to express gratitude for approving the arms deal package to Taiwan. This trip is also intended to improve Taiwan-U.S. military exchanges, as DPP lawmakers believe the Trump administration has made clear it will not let Taiwan fall under Chinese influence. These lawmakers also hope to discuss the role of the U.S. Air Force in defending Taiwan's airspace.

KMT Marks Incident that Sparked War
(Taipei Times, By Sean Lin) In a prerecorded video message displayed at the 80th anniversary celebration of the Marco Polo Bridge Incident that led to the Second Sino-Japanese War, Former President Ma Ying-jeou noted that a celebration of such an event is not meant to be antagonistic toward Japan, but rather a celebration of Taiwan's ancestors. He hopes that the Chinese and Japanese can reconcile to not repeat history's mistakes. KMT leader Wu Den-yih is also hoping to use this event to boost party unity after a contentious party election.

There's a Holdup on Visa-Free Entry to Taiwan for Filipinos (2017-07-11)
(China Post) The Taiwan government is eager to offer visa-free entry to Philippine passport holders but won't do so until the Marawi crisis has been resolved, according to Taipei's representative office in Manila. Marawi has been under siege since May, with intense clashes between Philippine security forces and Islamic State-affiliated militants.

Paraguay President's Visit Throws Taiwan Diplomatic Lifeline (2017-07-12)
(Associated Press) Paraguay’s president is visiting Taiwan, offering a diplomatic lifeline to the island whose international breathing space is being steadily chipped away by Beijing. Horacio Cartes and his delegation are scheduled to attend events on Wednesday commemorating 60 years of ties between Taiwan and the landlocked nation, Taiwan’s only diplomatic ally in South America.

PLA, Military Balance and Arms Sales
Three PLAN Officers May Have Just Revealed What China Wants in the South China Sea (2017-07-09)
(The National Interest, By Ryan Martinson & Katsuya Yamamoto) A recent article published in the PLA Naval Research Institute's Naval Studies periodical provides a look into China's goals in the South China Sea. The article,“Military Crises in the South China Sea: Analysis, Assessment, and Responses", was written by three mid-level officers and their insight, particularly provided in this format, is considered well-informed. They write that US involvement in the South China Sea makes the security situation for the PRC much more difficult. It is noted that the two sides may "struggle, but not split" as the countries have strong ties and common interests. However, the PRC seeks a China-dominated security enviornment in the region and should use "all of the means at its disposal—political, economic, diplomatic, legal, public opinion and military."
U.S.-China Relations
China-US Relations: Exploring a New Pathway to A Win-win Partnership (2017-07-06)
(Center for Strategic and International Studies, By Fu Ying and Wang Jisi) A team of experts working within a think tank have created unique U.S. and Chinese perspectives on the current status of the relationship between the two countries. This is the Chinese perspective on the issues.

Joint US-China Think Tank Project on the Future of US-China Relations: An American Perspective
(Center for Strategic and International Studies, By Michael J. Green and Christopher K. Johnson) A team of experts working within a think tank have created unique U.S. and Chinese perspectives on the current status of the relationship between the two countries. This is the US perspective on the issues.

US, China to Hold Economic Talks, Amid Tensions Over North Korea
(Reuters) Senior US and Chinese officials will meet to discuss economic issues this month after threats by US President Donald Trump to use trade to pressure Beijing to do more to rein in North Korea’s weapons programmes, a US official with knowledge of the decision said. The meeting of the US-China Comprehensive Economic Dialogue will take place in Washington on July 19 and will be the first covering economic and trade issues in a new format agreed after a summit between Trump and his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, in April.

Former CIA Officer Accused of Spying for China Denied Bail
(Washington Post) A former CIA officer accused of spying for China had notes in his home that could have gotten clandestine sources killed, according to prosecutors in Alexandria federal court. While Kevin Mallory is not accused of handing those documents over to Chinese intelligence agents, prosecutors noted his access to the material to underscore the seriousness of potential breaches and to argue that he should remain jailed pending trial on espionage charges. A federal judge agreed.

Beijing Says U.S. Apologized for Confusing China With Taiwan
(New York Times, By Austin Ramzy) A White House statement referred to President Xi Jinping as leader of the Republic of China — the formal name for Taiwan.

China’s $800 Billion Sovereign Wealth Fund Seeks More U.S. Access (2017-07-11)
(New York Times, By Sui-lee Wee) The China Investment Corporation said that the United States was impeding direct investment, but American lawmakers have urged greater scrutiny of Chinese deals.

US Firms in China Say Revenue Up, But Unfair Competition Remains (2017-07-12)
(Reuters) More US companies in China are reporting revenue growth so far in 201,7 but remain concerned that Beijing’s policies and regulations unfairly favour local competitors, according to a survey released on Wednesday. An annual report released by the American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham) in Shanghai found that 73.5 per cent of the 426 companies surveyed reported revenue growth in 2016, up from the 61 per cent recorded in 2015.

Trump Nominates China Critic as Deputy US Trade Representative (2017-07-12)
(Reuters) US President Donald Trump has nominated Dennis Shea, vice-chairman of a congressional commission that has been highly critical of China, as deputy US Trade Representative, the White House said on Tuesday. The move adds another China trade hawk to Trump’s trade policy team, joining US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross and Peter Navarro, the White House director of trade and industrial policy.
Territorial Disputes, the Korean Peninsula, and Other Regional Issues
Territorial Disputes

China Vows to Step Up Air, Sea Patrols After U.S. Warship Sails Near Disputed Island
(Washington Post, By Simon Denyer and Thomas Gibbons-Neff) China’s military vowed Monday to step up air and sea patrols after an American warship sailed near a disputed island in the South China Sea in what Beijing called a “serious political and military provocation.” The spat is the latest in a series of disputes that have roiled the U.S.-China relationship in just the past few days. Experts said Washington appeared to be signaling its growing frustration with Beijing by rolling out measures including arms sales to Taiwan and sanctions against a Chinese bank doing business with North Korea.

US Bombers Fly Over East, South China Seas, Inciting Chinese Anger As Tensions Mount Over North Korea Crisis (2017-07-07)
(Reuters/South China Morning Post, By Minnie Chan) US bombers flew over the disputed South China Sea a day ahead of joint drills with Japanese fighter jets over the East China Sea, the US military said on Friday as Washington stepped up pressure on Beijing over North Korea’s nuclear and missile programmes. In another deployment, the US 7th Fleet along with the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz began an 11-day joint exercise with Indian and Japanese forces in the Bay of Bengal on Friday.

Korean Peninsula

Trump Warns of ‘Severe’ Consequences for North Korea as Russia, China Balk at Tough U.S. Talk (2017-07-06)
(Washington Post, By Damian Paletta and Emily Rauhala) President Trump on Thursday stepped up efforts to blunt North Korea, warning that the rogue nation could face “some pretty severe” consequences over its latest missile test and huddling for more than an hour with the leaders of Japan and South Korea. But even as Trump sought to use his proximity to world leaders ahead of the Group of 20 summit here to rally allies, the White House faced firm opposition from Russia and China over any retaliatory measures on Pyongyang.

Face to Face Again, Xi and Trump Paper Over Differences on North Korea (2017-07-09)
(South China Morning Post, By Shi Jiangtao) US President Donald Trump maintained his rapport with his Chinese counterpart at their ­second face-to-face meeting on the weekend, despite glaring ­differences on how to keep North Korea on a leash, analysts said. Meeting on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Hamburg, ­Germany, Trump and President Xi Jinping tried hard to avoid a showdown by papering over ­bilateral tensions from a raft of geopolitical challenges, from Pyongyang’s provocations to ­Taiwan and maritime disputes.

KTO Says Number of Foreign Tourists Could Drop By Millions This Year (2017-07-11)
(Yonhap) The number of foreigners visiting South Korea could drop by as many as 4.69 million this year, following a diplomatic row with China over the deployment of a US missile defense system here, the state-run tourism promotion body said Tuesday. During a meeting with local governments and district tourism offices, the Korea Tourism Organization said visitor numbers could shrink up to 17.24 million, or 27.2 percent on-year, if the current trend continues until the end of this year.

Other Regional Issues

News Analysis: As E.U. and Japan Strengthen Trade Ties, U.S. Risks Losing Its Voice
(New York Times, By Peter S. Goodman) If completed, a deal between two American allies would diminish the role of U.S. companies in those markets while rebuking President Trump’s policies.

Vietnam to Pull the US Back to Asia? (2017-07-07)
(East Asia Forum, By Hai Hong Nguyen) The meeting was in the spotlight due to the uncertainty surrounding the Trump administration’s policy toward the Asia Pacific and the political chaos in Washington. Thirteen commercial contracts worth US$8 billion were announced, bringing in ‘jobs for the United States and great, great equipment for Vietnam’. But the most important document released was a joint statement that has mapped out the agenda for US–Vietnam relations and the Trump administration’s policy in the region.

Trump Threat Drives Japan and China Closer (2017-07-09)
(East Asia Forum, By Yoichi Funabashi and Harry Dempsey) Abe previously tried to reset Japan–China relations in 2006 during his first term as prime minister, after their deterioration under his predecessor, Junichiro Koizumi. Narratives of Abe as a staunch nationalist ought to be shelved. But what has motivated Abe to extend an olive branch again now? US President Donald Trump has been a factor in two ways.

Launch of the Trump–Moon Era (2017-07-10)
(East Asia Forum, By Scott A. Snyder) On 29 June 2017, South Korean President Moon Jae-in arrived in Washington for an early summit with his US counterpart Donald Trump. Despite dramatic contrasts in the circumstances, ideologies and style of these two unlikely partners, the convergence of national interests and common objectives concerning North Korea was sufficient to keep the US–South Korea alliance on track. Ironically, successful coordination on the issue of North Korea exposed differing views on trade and burden sharing that will keep diplomats from both countries busy.

Japan Opens the Way to Cooperation on China’s Belt and Road Initiative (2017-07-10)
(East Asia Forum, By the Editors) In a speech in Tokyo on 5 June, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe declared that ‘Japan is ready to extend cooperation’ with China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). This represents a dramatic shift in Japanese policy. Since 2014, Japan — along with the United States — has steadfastly opposed signing up to new Chinese international economic organisations like the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) or endorsing the BRI.

India, U.S. and Japan Begin War Games, and China Hears a Message (2017-07-10)
(New York Times, By Hari Kumar and Ellen Barry) The Indian Navy also announced a plan to station warships to monitor movement through the Strait of Malacca, where many Chinese vessels enter from the South China Sea.
China's Domestic Politics and Foreign Relations
China Pushes Hard in Border Dispute with India (2017-07-06)
(Washington Post, By Vidhi Doshi and Simon Denyer) Border scuffles between India and China have simmered in the past, but analysts from both sides said the latest spat has the potential to spiral into conflict between the two nuclear-armed nations. So far, the countries’ troops, who are usually unarmed to avoid provocation, have engaged in what is known as “jostling,” when soldiers attempt to physically push rivals back.

What Does China Care About?
(The Diplomat, By Enea Gjoza) While China may be flexible on certain foreign policy issues, there are some topics on its agenda that are absolutely non-negotiable in its perspective. These primarily include the idea behind Taiwanese independence, which was referred to as the key issue in US-China relations. Other issues include China's position on North Korea, which follows peaceful negotiations and eventual resolution, and the new US focus on Asia, which China views as disrupting the balance of power in the region and challenges Chinese regional hegemony.

Political Polarisation Over Hong Kong’s Not-So-Basic Law (2017-07-08)
(East Asia Forum, By Tai Wei Lim) From Beijing’s perspective, its tightening hold over the legislature is necessary to quash pro-independence activism. The central government is highly concerned with the independence movement. It is working with the Hong Kong government to implement national security legislation through the Basic Law to stop secession activities and other developments that could affect national unity.

Crowds in Hong Kong Line Up to See China’s First Aircraft Carrier (2017-07-08)
(New York Times, By Austin Ramzy) The visit, which coincides with the 20th anniversary of the former British colony’s return to China, is meant to signal the country’s growing military might.

China Turns Down the Volume on Anti-Japanese War Anniversary Rhetoric (2017-07-08)
(South China Morning Post, By Eva Li) Beijing took a low-key approach for yesterday’s 80th anniversary of an incident that led to full-scale war with Japan. Analysts said the subdued commemorations of the Marco Polo Bridge Incident might be in response to Tokyo’s recent efforts to improve ties with Beijing.

Beijing to Press Trump Over Withdrawal from Paris Climate Accord (2017-07-08)
(Reuters) China and other emerging economies put pressure on US President Donald Trump to compromise on climate and trade as a Group of 20 summit got under way in Germany on Friday amid clashes between police and protestors. In a joint communique issued as the leaders gathered in a convention centre in Hamburg, Brazil, Russia, India and China – the so-called BRIC countries – called on the G20 to push for implementation of the Paris climate deal despite Trump’s decision last month to pull the United States out of it.

China to Face a Tougher, More Confident EU at G20 Summit Amid ‘Merkel-Macron’ Alliance (2017-07-08)
(South China Morning Post, By Liu Zhen) At the G20 summit , China and the EU will likely stand together in promoting principal issues such as the Paris climate-change accord, globalisation, free trade and multilateralism against US President Donald Trump’s protectionist and unilateralist views. However, recent developments will make it more difficult for the two sides to make progress in breaking deadlocks over issues such as trade disputes, China’s market economy status and human rights, among other things, experts said.

China’s Xi and Japan’s Abe Vow to Get Ties on a Healthy Track (2017-07-08)
(South China Morning Post, By Catherine Wong) The leaders of China and Japan vowed to boost talks and exchanges to get bilateral ties on a healthy track when they met on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Hamburg on Saturday, despite the long-term disputes overshadowing relations. Chinese President Xi Jinping and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe affirmed the importance of building “stable” relations. But in remarks that reflected deep-rooted tensions, Abe called on Beijing to do more to ease the situation in the East China Sea, while Xi said Japan should “clear away distractions” affecting Sino-Japanese ties.

Detained Over Ivanka Trump Factory Inspection, China Labor Activist Speaks Out (2017-07-10)
(New York Times, By Keith Bradsher) The arrest of Hua Haifeng in May led to weeks in detention under poor conditions and multiple interrogations, and he now faces trial.

Beijing Reportedly Orders Ban on All Personal VPN Accounts by February (2017-07-11)
(Bloomberg) China’s government has told telecommunications carriers to block individuals’ access to virtual private networks by February 1, people familiar with the matter said, thereby shutting a major window to the global internet. Beijing has ordered state-run telecommunications firms, which include China Mobile, China Unicom and China Telecom, to bar people from using VPNs, services that skirt censorship restrictions by routing web traffic abroad, the people said, asking not to be identified talking about private government directives.

In Liu Xiaobo’s Last Days, Supporters Fight China for His Legacy (2017-07-11)
(New York Times, By Chris Buckley) Admirers of the dissident, who has terminal cancer, say that Beijing wants to control him. “They don’t want him to be able to speak freely,” one said.

China Sends Troops to First Overseas Naval Base in Djibouti (2017-07-12)
(Reuters) Ships carrying Chinese military personnel for Beijing’s first overseas military base, in Djibouti in the Horn of Africa, have left China to begin setting up the facility, the state news agency Xinhua reported. Djibouti’s position on the northwestern edge of the Indian Ocean has fuelled worries in India that it would become another of China’s “string of pearls” of military alliances and assets ringing India, including Bangladesh, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.

Contact: James Lee, Senior Editor 

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